The development of atomic theory
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The Development of atomic theory. Chemistry Rules!. Philosophical Era (Ancient Greece). Two ancient Greeks stand out in the advancement of chemistry. Their ideas were purely based on reason, without experimental support (as was common in that time). Philosophical Era.

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Philosophical era ancient greece
Philosophical Era (Ancient Greece)

  • Two ancient Greeks stand out in the advancement of chemistry.

  • Their ideas were purely based on reason, without experimental support (as was common in that time)

Democritus 460 370 bce

Philosophical Era

Democritus (460-370 BCE)

  • The most well-known proponent of the idea that matter was made of small, indivisible particles

  • Called the small particles “atomos” meaning “that which cannot be divided”

  • Believed properties of matter came from the properties of the “atomos”

Aristotle 384 322 bce

Philosophical Era

Philosophical Era

Aristotle (384-322 BCE)

  • Famous philosopher of the ancient Greeks

  • Believed matter was comprised of four elements

    • Earth, Air, Fire, Water

  • These elements had a total of four properties

    • Dry, Moist, Hot, Cold

  • People liked him – so this idea stayed

Alchemical era 300 bce 1400ce
Alchemical Era (300 BCE ~ 1400CE)

The “Dark Ages” of Chemistry where early chemists had to work in secret and encode their findings for fear of persecution

Alchemical era 300 bce 1400ce1

Alchemical Era

Alchemical Era (300 BCE ~ 1400CE)

  • the closest thing to the study of chemistry for nearly two thousand years

  • based on the Aristotelian idea of the four elements of matter

    • If you change the properties, then you could change elements themselves – lead to gold and immortality

  • Very mystical study and experimentation with the elements and what was perceived as magic

  • Study was persecuted, findings hidden in code

Procedures of alchemy

Alchemical Era

Procedures of Alchemy

  • Alchemy brought about many lab procedures

  • We use some of the same methods and the names developed in these dark ages of chemistry

Elements in alchemy

Alchemical Era

Elements in Alchemy

  • Alchemists studied many different materials, and their properties, in order to find a way to turn lead into gold and achieve immortality

Alchemical symbols for various materials

Alchemical Era

Alchemical symbols for various materials

Alchemy had to be discussed in secret so that its students could avoid persecution

Alchemists persecution

Alchemical Era

Alchemists’ Persecution

  • Alchemy was tied to witchcraft and druids

    • it was perceived as heresy by the catholic church

    • Practitioners had to hide their trade or hobby

  • Information was passed in code

    • Coded messages were sent between friends

    • Symbols were used to avoid readable words

  • The growth of Chemistry was stunted by the oppression endured during this era

    (No such problems in the Far East –Hence gunpowder)

The classical era 1400ce 1987ce
The Classical Era (1400CE – 1987CE)

The printing press heralds the widespread transfer and acquisition of knowledge

The development of atomic theory

Classical Era

  • Dalton

  • Boyle

  • Cavendish

  • Priestley

  • Gay-Lussac

  • Newton

  • Lavoisier

  • Avagadro

  • Mendeleev

  • Proust

The subatomic era 1897ce 1900ce
The Subatomic Era (1897CE – 1900CE)

The relatively quick discovery of things smaller than the once “indivisible” atom

The development of atomic theory

Subatomic Era

  • Thompson

  • Rutherford

    • Marie Curie

  • Millikan

  • Chadwick

The modern era 1900ce present
The Modern Era (1900CE – Present)

The Quark Era starts in 1964, but that advance can be regarded as outside the realm of chemistry – instead a part of nuclear physics

The development of atomic theory

Modern Era

  • Plank

  • Bohr

  • Heisenburg

  • DeBroglie

  • Schrödinger