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Expression of the Edo Period. The exploration of Ukiyo - e and Kabuki. By Alissa Hicks With assistance by: Natsumi & Ami. Ukiyo -e. “ Ukiyo ” – “to float” “E” – “picture” Associated with pleasures of rising middle class Commoners could afford to buy and commission ukiyo -e. Genres.

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expression of the edo period

Expression of the Edo Period

The exploration of Ukiyo-eand Kabuki.

By Alissa Hicks

With assistance by: Natsumi& Ami

ukiyo e
Ukiyo-e
  • “Ukiyo” – “to float”
  • “E” – “picture”
  • Associated with pleasures of rising middle class
    • Commoners could afford to buy and commission ukiyo-e
genres
Genres
  • Beauties (Bijin-ga)
    • Celebrated ideal and real women of the time.
  • Actors (Yakusyae)
    • Coincided with play performances
    • Inexpensive and used as souvenirs
  • Landscapes (Shibaie)
    • Artists celebrated their surroundings
    • Used similarly to today’s postcards
printing techniques
Printing Techniques
  • Publisher – finances print
    • Decides on theme and quality
  • Designer – sketches with sumisen (black ink)
slide5

Carver (Horishi) – pastes sketch to block and carves out the designs

  • One for each color including marks to align blocks
slide6

Printer (Surishi) applied to actual colors and made the prints

  • Paper made of mulberry paper due to silky sheen and resistance to tearing
characteristics
Characteristics
  • Early – Monochromatic with minimal hand-coloring
  • Later- many colors, embossing, carving, and paper textures available
impact of ukiyo e on japan
Impact of Ukiyo-e on Japan
  • Japan had early role in printing
  • Saved time and money to make – Mass Production
    • Available to common people now, not just rich.
  • Fine detail available in prints
kabuki
Kabuki
  • Means “song and dance technique”
  • To entertain the audience
  • Tastes of merchant culture
  • Recognized as one of Japan’s 3 major theater forms
history
History
  • Early forms, all performers were women
    • First kabuki performed by Okuni and troupe to raise money
    • Kabuki Odori – known for vulgarity
    • Women banned by Tokugawa shogun over fighting concerns due to women’s side business
  • Wakashu (young men’s kabuki) popular next
    • Banned in 1652 due to “adverse effect on public morals”
  • Men’s Kabuki (Yaro)
    • They play all roles
      • Onnagata – female impersonator roles
  • Ejima- Ikushima Affair – 1714
    • Kabuki jeopardized
    • Aragoto kabuki style pioneered by 2nd person to use stage name “DanjuroIchikawa”.
      • Helped save kabuki by holding night performances
genres themes
Genres/Themes
  • 3 major categories of Kabuki play types
    • Jidaimono (Historical)
    • Sewamono (Domestic)
    • Shosagoto (Dance)
  • Common themes
    • Love
    • Suicide
    • Loyalty
    • Revenge
    • Honor
costumes wigs make up
Costumes, Wigs, Make-up
  • Bold colors and patterns for drama
  • Discards after one 25 day run
  • Costumes for bushi (samurai) and Kuge (Court nobles) more stylized to represent distance from common people
  • 4 parts of wigs – Bin, Tabo, Mage, Maegami
  • Essential due to difference in costume types.
  • Kudomari – trademark of Kabuki for historical plays
  • Emotion is expressed through color
    • Red can be good or represent anger
    • Blue for jealousy or fear.
    • White for main characters – purity, aristocracy, refinement
importance of kabuki
Importance of Kabuki
  • Longstanding tradition in Japan for centuries
    • UNSECO - “Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity”
  • Way for Japan to continue sharing and teaching future generations about it’s unique culture
references
References
  • http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/ukiyo-e/intro.html
  • http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/ukiy/hd_ukiy.htm
  • http://www.hokusaionline.co.uk/code/edo_period.html
  • http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=2023&historyID=ab84
  • http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2090.html
  • http://factsanddetails.com/japan/cat20/sub131/item715.html#chapter-1
  • http://www2.ntj.jac.go.jp/unesco/kabuki/en/3/3_02.html
  • http://web-japan.org/museum/kabuki/about_ka.html
  • http://www.nippon.com/en/views/b03001/
  • www.csse.monash.edu.au
  • Edoukiyoe.seesaa.net
  • www.metmuseum.org
  • https://www.adachi-hanga.com/ukiyo-e/quality/flow
  • http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/ukiyo-e/early.html
  • http://www.manyoancollection.org/collection-tour/ukiyoe
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izumo_No_Okuni
  • Archive.metropolis.co.jp
  • www.tafter.it
  • www.rustixantiques.com
  • Thestorybehindthefaces.com