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Three Generations of Asian Counselors: The Role of Ethnic and Cultural Identity in Counseling Supervision. Overview. Multidimensions of cultural Identity Introducing our own cultural identity Supervision experiences with supervisor/supervisee who are sharing similar cultural background

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Three Generations of Asian Counselors:The Role of Ethnic and Cultural Identity in Counseling Supervision

overview
Overview
  • Multidimensions of cultural Identity
  • Introducing our own cultural identity
  • Supervision experiences with supervisor/supervisee who are sharing similar cultural background
  • Common Asian values & identity development process
  • Application of supervision theory
  • Discussion
constantine questions
Constantine Questions
  • What are the main demographic variables that make up my cultural identities? 
  • What worldviews do I bring to the supervision relationship based on these cultural identities?
  • What knowledge do I possess about the worldviews of supervisors/supervisees who have different cultural identities from me? 
  • What are some of my struggles and challenges in working with supervisors/supervisees who are culturally different from me?
  • In what ways would I like to improve my abilities in working with culturally diverse supervisors/supervisees?
our cultural identities
Our Cultural Identities
  • Alison, Chinese American Immigrant Student
  • Ji-yeon, Korean International Female Student
  • Jerry, Chinese-English-American Psychologist
our cultural identities1
Our Cultural Identities
  • Alison, Chinese American Immigrant Student
  • Ji-yeon, Korean International Female Student
  • Jerry, Chinese-English-American Psychologist
our cultural identities2
Our Cultural Identities
  • Alison, Chinese American Immigrant Student
  • Ji-yeon, Korean International Female Student
  • Jerry, Chinese-English-American Psychologist
negative experiences
Negative Experiences
  • Being “different”
  • Being a visible minority
  • Feeling marginalized, invisible, discounted
  • Being stereotyped
  • Being the victim of racial discrimination and prejudice
  • Shame, pain, confusion
positive experiences
Positive Experiences
  • Figuring out who I am
  • Putting seemingly discrepant pieces together—integration
  • Feeling pride in my cultural heritage
  • Feeling connected to others with similar backgrounds
  • Appreciating the richness of my heritage
common asian values ho 1992
Common Asian Values(Ho, 1992)
  • Filial piety
  • Shame
  • Self-control
  • Assumption of a middle position
  • Awareness of social milieu
  • Fatalism
  • Inconspicuousness
learning through supervision
Learning through Supervision
  • Integrating cultural identity with professional identity
  • Acceptance of diversity
  • Identifying similarities and differences
  • Empathic understanding
  • Emphasis on genuine relationship
  • Clarification of values, assumptions
  • Sharing dimensions of culture
examples
Examples
  • Automatic empathic understanding. “I have had the same experience.”
  • Sharing of experience. “Perhaps my story will help you deal with this challenge.”
  • Role model. “I’m glad there’s someone here who has a similar background to me.”
  • Counselor identity. “How can I or should I bring my identity into my counseling sessions?”
means of interpersonal functioning ancis ladany 2001
Means of Interpersonal Functioning(Ancis & Ladany, 2001)
  • Adaptation: complacency, apathy, superficial understanding of differences
  • Incongruence: Confusion, some awareness, lack of commitment
  • Exploration: Strong emotions, e.g., anger, curiosity and insight
  • Integration: integrative awareness and interpersonal proficiency
supervision relationship types ancis and ladany 2001
Supervision Relationship Types(Ancis and Ladany, 2001)
  • Progressive
  • Parallel-Advanced
  • Parallel-Delayed
  • Regressive
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • What’s your most salient identity and how it played out in your supervisory relationship when your supervisor/supervisee was similar to yours vs. different
  • How cultural identity influences the development of multicultural competencies in counseling and supervision
  • What are some of my struggles and challenges in working with supervisors/supervisees who are culturally different from me?
  • In what ways would I like to improve my abilities in working with culturally diverse supervisors/supervisees?
references
References

Ancis, J., & Ladany, N. (2001). Multicultural supervision. In L. J. Bradley & N. Ladany (eds.), Counselor supervision: Principles, process, & practice (3rd ed., pp. 63‑90). Philadelphia: Brunner‑Routledge.

Constantine, M.G. (1997). Facilitating multicultural competency in counseling supervision: Operationalizing a practical framework. In D.B. Pope-Davis & H.L.K. Coleman (eds.), Multicultural counseling competencies (pp. 310-324). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Ho, M.K. (1992). Minority children and adolescents in therapy. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications

Kim, J. (1981). The process of Asian American identity development: A study of Japanese‑American women’s perceptions of their struggle to achieve personal identities as Americans of Asian ancestry. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 1551 1A (University Microfilms No, 81-18080)

Kitano, H.L., &. Maki M. T. (1996). Continuity, change, and diversity: Counseling

Asian Americans. In P.B. Pedersen et al. (eds.) Counseling Across Cultures (4th

ed., pp. 124–45). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.