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Kebony The new wood International 2013. Kebony – What we do. The global demand for tropical hardwood cannot be sustainably satisfied. EU legislation coming into affect March 2013 prohibits illegally harvested timber. Kebony offers a solution that is;

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Kebony The new wood International 2013

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    1. KebonyThe new wood International 2013

    2. Kebony – What we do • The global demand for tropical hardwood cannot be sustainably satisfied. • EU legislation coming into affect March 2013 prohibits illegally harvested timber. • Kebony offers a solution that is; • A sustainable and cost efficient alternative to tropical hardwood • An alternative to traditional toxic wood protection from impregnation of metal based chemicals. • Kebony’s wood modification technology transforms fast growing sustainable wood species to give them the performance of tropical hardwood. • Kebony’s mission: “Kebony – to revolutionizes the use of wood by delivering long lasting, high quality, aesthetically pleasing and environmentally friendly modified wood products”

    3. Kebony product features • Environmentally friendly Excellent Compressive Strength Sustainable and environmentally friendly Cost-Effective • Great aesthetics Resistant DimensionallyStable Outstanding Durability • Easy to maintain

    4. The Kebony process (1/2) Input Technology Output Wood • Biodegradable • Soft woods • Moisture sensitive • Inconsistent quality Renewable liquids from biomass • Processed from plant waste • Sugar canes • Corn cobs • Wood Impregnation • The liquid has the capacity to swell wood cells • The alcohol polymerizes and the resultant polymer is permanently grafted into the cell walls Curing • After the impregnation the wood is heat cured to temperatures above 100° C Drying • The cured wood is dried and the finished product is ready for shipment Wood • Extended lifetime • Enhanced structural properties • Consistent quality • Environmentally friendly

    5. The Kebony process (2/2) 1 Principles Kebony modifies wood by forming stable, locked-in furan polymers in the wood cell walls. These increase the dimensional stability as well as durability and hardness of the wood. The process is based on impregnation with furfuryl alcohol which is produced from agricultural crop waste. Kebony thus uses a plant derived waste product to give enhanced strength and durability to another plant product – namely wood 2 Impregnation In order to reach the required level of polymer in the wood, a traditional impregnation process is used. Although there are constraints in the selection of wood species for a successful impregnation, there is a range of Kebony products based on different species available 4 3 2 3 Curing & Drying After the impregnation step the wood is heated - whereby the in situ polymerisation of the furfuryl alcohol occurs. This step is referred to as the curing step. The resultant polymer, which is locked into the wood cells, is very stable and will not disintegrate or leak out of the wood 1 4 Packaging Finally the cured wood is dried and the finished Kebony product is ready for shipment or further machining

    6. Production facilities • Kebony’s first production facility was established in 2003 and replaced in 2009 with a new industrial scale plant. • Main elements in the plant: • 1 impregnation autoclave • 4 curing chambers • Transport system • Machining line • Production capacity is approx. 25 000m³ per year • Plant designed for further expansion • Kebony’s Headquarter - Oslo (Norway), R&D and production - Skien (Norway). • Distributors - Scandinavia, UK, France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Portugal, US, Korea and Singapore.

    7. Kebony is very durable and stable *) Treated sapwood

    8. Fastener properties Fastener holding ASTM D-1761 and fastener corrosion AWPA E12 Kebonized SYP performed significantly better than untreated and copper treated SYP in the Head Pull through testsThis means Furfurlated SYP will hold tighter and better in the field Kebonized SYP is overall less corrosive than ACQ treated woodSource: Virginia Tech, Department of Wood Science and Forest Products 8

    9. Kebony is not slippery Dry environment Following the grain:   86 Across the grain:    106 The requirement for sport flooring is above 80 Wet environment Following the grain:   42 Across the grain:    37 >35     No slip risk 25 – 35  Certain slip risk <25     Slippery Source: Source: Pendulum test / SP Trätek 9

    10. Kebony vs. selected competitors 10

    11. Strong environmental friendly profile • Kebony Scots Pine, Radiata Pine & Maple are FSC 70% mixed sources • Kebony SYP is PEFC certified • The only material that has achieved the Nordic ecolabel the “Swan” within the category Durable wood • Kebony has received two national prizes, “Glassbjørnen” for sustainable consumption and production, from GRIP (foundation founded by the Ministry of Environment and the Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO)) • Selected as one of four Norwegian companies to make a speech on the CC8 Climate Conference 2008

    12. Kebony - A Big Environmental Impact Source: Bergfald & Co, a leading Norwegian environmental advisory company

    13. Aesthetics – Kebony • Kebony will have a silver grey patina when exposed to the elements • Kebony requires no maintenance • Kebony can be surface treated with oil or stain which will require regular maintenance 13

    14. The Kebony Brand – Key messages Hard & Super-durable Aesthetic & Modern Innovative Low maintenance Reduced lifecycle cost Environmentally friendly & Sustainable resource

    15. Kebony – International media Kebony has had more than 1250 articles the last two years, with international coverage including The Economist, CNN, Wallpaper, World architecture News and Deutsche Welle.

    16. Media Quotes “Kebony is an award-winning product offering an alternative to tropical hardwood and treated wood, sustainable and environment-friendly” “Lovely bones Dog retreat – Sustainable wood producer Kebony uses a patent-protected process to make wood more durable using biowaste liquids” “50 things that will change your world” “Europe's 20th most creative company” “Decking with a difference – Kebony uses an intense but ecofriendly treatment so that softwood behaves more like tropical times, resulting in harder wood” “Alcohol saved the rainforest – Norwegian company Kebony is offering a green alternative – by transforming abundant softwoods such as pine” “..might ultimately spell the end of Europe’s five billion Euros import of tropical hardwoods” 16 16

    17. Awards and recognitions ”Certainly the highest profile PR campaign the judges has ever seen” Chief judge David Evington

    18. Kebony Scots Pine cladding

    19. Kebony Scots Pine decking

    20. Kebony SYP decking

    21. Kebiny SYP cladding

    22. Kebony Radiata decking

    23. Kebony in other applications

    24. Kebony Architectural Design

    25. Kebony Architectural Design

    26. Kebony Architectural Design

    27. Kebony Architectural Design

    28. The New Wood