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PAHO’S LEADERSHIP ROLE IN PROMOTING DISASTER REDUCTION IN THE AMERICAS . Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization. Program on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief. Pan American Health Organization. Assistance Before a Disaster.

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paho s leadership role in promoting disaster reduction in the americas

PAHO’S LEADERSHIP ROLE IN PROMOTING DISASTER REDUCTION IN THE AMERICAS

Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization

preparedness
Preparedness
  • Pre-disaster activities aimed at strengthening the capacity for Response (rescue, medical care…)
prevention
Prevention
  • Measures designed to provide complete protection from natural disasters by controlling effects of natural phenomena.
slide7

Mitigation

  • Reduction of the impact of Natural Disasters
1 strengthening institutions 2 training 3 special projects
1. Strengthening Institutions2. Training3. Special projects
  • hospital mitigation
  • Internet
  • SUMA
  • Regional Disaster Information Center
within the health sector

Strengthening Institutions

Within the Health Sector
  • support creation of national Health Emergency Preparedness programs (with professional staff, a budget and access to decision-making)
  • promote intersectoral cooperation
the role of disaster management programs in the health sector

Strengthening Institutions

The Role of Disaster Management Programs in the Health Sector
  • health aspects of disaster management in other sectors
  • inclusion of disaster reduction measures in development activities
  • public education
  • training of health personnel incl. in universities

Promote:

1 strengthening institutions 2 training 3 special projects11
1. Strengthening institutions2. Training3. Special projects
  • hospital mitigation
  • Internet
  • SUMA
  • Regional Disaster Information Center
training is the key to progress
Training is the key to progress . . .

. . . fromvulnerability . . .

407

. . . to safety

human resources development not stockpiling equipment is the key to preparedness
Human Resources Development , not stockpiling equipment, is the key to Preparedness . . .

Workshops/

short courses

University training

workshops short courses

Training

Workshops/Short Courses
  • 200-250 courses each year are sponsored/supported by PAHO/WHO with approximately 5,000 persons trained per year
    • emergency health management
    • hospital preparedness and mitigation
    • environmental health management
    • supplies management (SUMA)
    • role of Ministries of Foreign Affairs in disasters
    • mass media and public information
    • community preparedness….
university training

Training

University Training
  • introduction of Disaster Management in the pre- and post-graduate curriculum in faculties of Medicine, Nursing schools and Public Health Schools)
  • the WHO Collaborating Center of Medellin serves as clearinghouse for academic training in the Region
  • Regional and Global Register
educational and training material
scientific publications

self-study modules

technical reports

newsletters

slide series

video programs

slide and video library

Educational andTraining Material

PRINT

AUDIOVISUAL

slide18

1. Strengthening institutions2. Training3. Special projects

hospital mitigation

Internet

SUMA

Regional Disaster Information Center

disaster mitigation in hospitals
Disaster Mitigation in Hospitals
  • vulnerability analysis
  • improved design of new facilities
  • retrofitting existing facilities
  • norms, guidelines, and training

HOSPITAL

regional disaster information center
Regional Disaster Information Center
  • 12,000 documents on disaster-related topics
  • multiagency, multidisciplinary
  • “THE” source of material in Spanish
  • Internet Access
  • provides copies of documents
regional disaster information center21
Regional Disaster Information Center
  • Internet
  • LILACS CD-ROM
  • BIBLIO-DES -- selected bibliography
  • DES-INDEX -- comprehensive bibliography

Database available on:

who disaster preparedness collaborating centers in the americas
WHO Disaster Preparedness Collaborating Centers in the Americas
  • CETESB (Brazil) --- technological disasters
  • University of Antioquia (Colombia) --- university teaching
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA)
  • Center of Excellence Hawaii--- civilian-military cooperation
  • University of Chile--- Mitigation of damages in hospitals
paho who cooperation in disasters
PAHO/WHO Cooperation in Disasters
  • coordinates international health assistance
    • Caribbean Response Team
  • Provides technical cooperation in the health field
  • emergency satellite communications
emergency communications by satellite

Cooperation in disasters

Emergency Communications by Satellite
  • five INMARSAT type A and one type C mobile satellite earth stations are prepositioned
  • free use by the country for emergency international telecommunications