National Flag of Bangladesh. Map of Bangladesh. General Information. Official name: The people’s Republic of Bangladesh Area :1,47,570 sq km Population :144.5 million Density :979 per sq.km. Urban :36.7 million
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General Information • Official name: The people’s Republic of Bangladesh • Area :1,47,570 sq km • Population :144.5 million • Density :979 per sq.km. • Urban :36.7 million • Rural :107.8 million(74.6%) • Annual growth :1.39% • Per capita income:599 us dollar • GDP growth :6.21%
Literacy rate :63.36% Number of poor considering calorie intake(2122k.ca/day/person Urban :14.8 million Rural 41.2 million Hard core poor Urban :8.4 million Rural :18.7 million Per capita agri. Land :029 acre No arable land :42% Below one acre :38% Contribution of rural sector in GDP:50%
Objective • The basic problems of our rural society are poverty and unemployment. Poverty oriented rural development can be designed to fulfill the following objectives: • Increasing the agricultural production at an accelerated pace; • Creation of new employment opportunities for rural population; • control the increasing rate of population and ensure primary health care at the grass root level; • Educate the rural people through various programmes; • More broad-based spread of incremental benefits; and • Decentralization of power at grass root level.
Strategic Agenda (In Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-PRSP) • Employment • Nutrition • Quality Education (Particularly in primary, secondary and vocational levels strong emphasis on girls’ education) • Local Governance • Maternal health • Sanitation and Safe Water • Monitoring
Annual Development Plan2008-2009 • Participatory Rural Development Project-2 • Employment Guarantee Scheme for Hardcore Poor of the Northern Region Project • Strengthening Department of Cooperative and alleviation of poverty through creating Entrepreneurship and Income Generating Activities. • Creation of additional employment through irrigation and water management, increase in marginal productivities of labour in rural economic activities and poverty alleviation • Action Research project on increasing irrigated areas through transferring RDA model and water management technology in southern and hill areas. • Physical Infrastructure Development for strengthening Activities of BARD. • Comprehensive Village Development Programme. • Chars livelihood Programme. • Barendra Development Project.
Agencies Involved • BRDB-Bangladesh Rural Development Board • LGED-Local Govt. Engineering Department • Department of Cooperative • BARD-Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development • RDA-Rural Development Academy • Zilla Parishad-at district level • Upzilla parishad-at subdistrict level • Union Parishad-at village level
NGOs Services -Micro credit -Training -Non-formal Education -Motivation -Loan for Housing Education etc.
Dimension of Rural Development • Transformation of Agriculture • Population and Family Welfare • Education • Rural Credit • Women Development • Rural industry
Issues / Problems • Theoretical inconsistency • Distance between experts and target groups • Lack of motivation for work • Functional gap between development center and village • Need does not governs aid but aid creates needs • Illiteracy • Poor infrastructure
Future Prospects • Fertile land • Agriculture • Livestock • Huge human resource • Water resource • Fisheries • Forest resource • Micro credit approach • SME-Small and medium Enterprise
Unlocking the potential • Bangladesh is already embarked on a journey of transformation .Translating this into a journey of hope for poverty-free and egalitarian society is the key contemporary challenge. It is a challenge which demands active, intelligent and innovative engagement from all: government, development agencies ,private sector, NGOs, community organization, media, academia, and above all, from the people of Bangladesh themselves. The engagement is not just for policy planning. It is as importantly an engagement for results, for inclusion, for imaginative solution, and ultimately an engagement to unlock the potentials of the nation.