Cold Welds - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cold Welds

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  1. Hot Welds Cold Welds • Failure was as the weld • Poor fusion of the filler rod / wire to the tubes • Weld bead radius is smaller than tube wall thickness • Little to no heat discoloration • The fitted / coped edges of the tube are visible after separation • Failure was at the weld • Weld / tube thickness was very small at point of failure • Weld bead radius is distinctly larger than tube wall thickness • Extreme heat discoloration Examples of Failing Welds: Sample #1 (Destructive Testing) 0

  2. Examples of Failing Welds: Sample #2 (Destructive Inspection) • Inconsistent and unclearly defined fusion line • Weld bead radius is smaller than tube wall thickness • Weld bead does not adequately contact and fuse the both tubes 1

  3. Sample #2 – Destructive Inspections Sample #1 – Destructive Testing Examples of Passing Welds • Moderate Heat Discoloration • Weld bead radius is approximately the same as tube wall thickness • Clearly defined and substantially uniform width fusion line, no burn - through • Failure was not at the weld • Weld bead radius is approximately the same as tube wall thickness • Moderate Heat Discoloration 2