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First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management 12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman. Community and Health emergency Management Dr: Khawla Al- Hoti Family physician. Director of health services , Quriyat Willayt MRCGP,ARAB BOARD, Diploma in diabetes &Diploma Child Health.

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first national course on public health emergency management 12 23 march 2011 muscat oman
First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

Community and Health emergency ManagementDr: Khawla Al-HotiFamily physician.Director of health services , QuriyatWillaytMRCGP,ARAB BOARD, Diploma in diabetes &Diploma Child Health

quriyat willayat
QuriyatWillayat

77 Villages

objective

Objective

Describe Lesson Learned From Community Based Approach

Describe Willayat Health Committee Structure

Describe vulnerabilities & capacity building

List Challenges of community participation

Design action plan for community project

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

first national course on public health emergency management 12 23 march 2011 muscat oman1
First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

DefinitionA group of individuals and households living in the same location and having the same hazard Exposure, Who can share the same objectivesand goals in Disaster risk reduction.

first national course on public health emergency management 12 23 march 2011 muscat oman2
First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

“The local community is taken as the primary focus of attention (in a disaster reduction) since that is the common unit which is affected by a disaster and , more importantly ,responds to deal with the event.” Russell Dynes

lesson learned

Lesson Learned

Community always try to adapt

Coping Strategies are often inadequate

So, Training to enhance skills & technological support is needed

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

first national course on public health emergency management 12 23 march 2011 muscat oman4
First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

National

Regional

Willayat

slide10

Health Committe

Community Members

Governmental

Sectors

Community Support

Group

Non

Governmental

Organization

vulnerabilities

Vulnerabilities

Lack of:

Access to Health

Access to Food & Water

Access to Information

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

slide12

When?

How?

whom?

Where?

What?

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

slide13
If each individual does their part

to prepare

Whole community will become safer and

Better equipped to cope with emergencies

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

search and rescue basic principles
SEARCH and RESCUE BASIC PRINCIPLES

2 major components

Search

Rescue

COMMUNITY BASED

FIRST RESPONDERS

IN

RESCUE ACTVITIES

(survivors/ Agencies..)

SEARCH &

RESCUE

TEAM(S)

National

or

Provincial

Basic first aid and rescue

Specialized S&R

training preparedness

Training (preparedness)

First Aid, BLS

Safety (fire, road, electricity,..)

Drill, Evaluation and monitoring

Communicable disease (surveillance)

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

support

Support

Information centre (early warning)

Food & water (relief distribution)

Vulnerable

Shelter

Environmental health

Physical structure

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

health education

Health Education

Family emergency plan

School emergency plan

Livestock emergency Shelter

Public health measures

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

exercise

Exercise

1.Design action plan for the following:

Training Support Health education

2.List the challenges of community participation

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

adpc indicators of a minimum level of resilience

ADPC Indicators of a Minimum level of resilience

A community organization

A DRR and disaster preparedness plan

A community early warning system

Trained manpower: risk assessment, search and rescue,

medical first aid, relief distribution, masons for safer

house construction, fire fighting

Physical connectivity: roads, electricity, telephone, clinics

Relational connectivity with local authorities, NGOs, etc.

Knowledge of risks and risk reduction actions

A community disaster reduction fund to implement

risk reduction activities

Safer sources of livelihood

First National Course on Public Health Emergency Management

12 – 23 March 2011. Muscat, Oman

references
References
  • Building Disaster Resilient Communities, Publication of the “local Network of NGOs” for Disaster Risk Reduction, Geneva, June 2007
  • Community based approach to disaster mitigation. Lorna P.victoria, director, centre for disaster preparedness
  • Characteristics of disaster-resiliant community, A Guidance Note, Jhon Twig for the DFID Disaster Risk Reduction Interagency coordination group, August 2007