Today’s Outline. Skit: Part II Break into groups -Discuss the case Kavita’s INTERACTIVE review Dayo’s Picture review Questions??? Debriefing/Feedback . SECONDARY. PRIMARY.
In a traumatic brain injury event, the ___________ injury is often more damaging than the ___________ head injury.
A blow to the side of the head, like what happened to Jared in the football game, can fracture the ___________. This can cause ___________ inside the skull.
It is easier for a blow to the side of the head to fracture your ___________ if you are not wearing a helmet. (So ALWAYS wear a ___________ when playing contact sports or riding a bike, and make sure it is ___________!!)
The three layers that envelop the brain are called ___________. In order from closest to the brain to farthest from the brain they are:
Jared’s secondary injury is an ___________ hematoma. This means ___________ has accumulated between the ___________ mater and the ___________.
Brain volume can increase with ___________, blood volume in the brain can increase with ___________. The brain can only swell up to a point, however, before it is stopped by the ___________.
A build up of ___________ can increase intra___________ pressure. This can cause the brain to ___________ and push through the ___________ ___________, which can damage the ___________ ___________ .
The brain stem is responsible for things we do automatically, that we need to keep us alive, such as:
So if ___________ pressure increases, and the brain ___________ through the foramen ___________, a person’s ___________, ___________, ___________ , and ___________ will be affected.
BLOOD PRESSURE ADJUSTMENTS
GAIT (HOW A PERSON WALKS/BALANCE)
There are ___________ cranial nerves. Because the cranial nerves exit the brain near the ___________ ___________ , testing them can give a doctor/nurse/paramedic valuable information about the status of the ___________ ___________.
Jared has increased intra___________ pressure from a buildup of ___________ in his ___________ space. Increased ___________ pressure can cause something called a ___________ Response. A ___________ Response includes:
1. ___________ blood pressure
2. ___________ heart rate
3. ___________ breathing or respirations