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Markus Amann International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). GDP. After 1990 Asian emissions have grown rapidly due to fast economic development. SO 2. NO x. Per-capita NO x emissions 1940-2030. Per-capita NO x emissions 1940-2030.

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Markus amann international institute for applied systems analysis iiasa

Markus Amann

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)


After 1990 asian emissions have grown rapidly due to fast economic development

GDP

After 1990 Asian emissions have grown rapidlydue to fast economic development

SO2

NOx


Per capita no x emissions 1940 2030
Per-capita NOx emissions1940-2030


Per capita no x emissions 1940 20301
Per-capita NOx emissions1940-2030


Air pollution causes severe health impacts india 2000 source gains india
Air pollution causes severe health impactsIndia, 2000 (Source: GAINS-India)

Loss in statistical life expectancy

from exposure to outdoor PM2.5

DALYs from air pollution


The economic projection of the indian government provided by teri

CO2

2000 = 100%

The economic projection of the Indian government provided by TERI


Air pollution will grow too despite the current indian pollution control legislation

2000 = 100%

Air pollution will grow toodespite the current Indian pollution control legislation

SO2

NOx

PM2.5


Health impacts from pm2 5 in 2030 for governmental energy projection current aq legislation
Health impacts from PM2.5 in 2030for governmental energy projection + current AQ legislation

Loss in statistical life expectancy

from exposure to outdoor PM2.5

DALYs from air pollution


Co 2 emissions baseline projections with current measures 2000 and 2030

CO2/capita

Total CO2 emissions

GDP/capita

CO2 emissionsBaseline projections with current measures, 2000 and 2030


Combined aq and cc measures 1 phase out of solid fuels in domestic sector
Combined AQ and CC measures:1) Phase-out of solid fuels in domestic sector

DALYs from air pollution CO2 emissions


Combined aq and cc measures 2 end of pipe measures
Combined AQ and CC measures:2) End-of-pipe measures

Emissions from electricity generation in Andra Pradesh

Level in 2000


Costs of electricity generation andra pradesh 2030 source gains india
Costs of electricity generation Andra Pradesh, 2030 (Source: GAINS-India)


Combined aq and cc measures 3 sustainable energy systems
Combined AQ and CC measures:3) Sustainable energy systems

Loss in statistical life expectancy from PM2.5 in 2020

(with current legislation on air pollution controls)

Governmental energy baseline

Alternative sustainability energy path

Governmental energy baseline

Differences:

1 million ton less CO2 emissions/year in 2020

7 billion $/yr less control costs for air pollution

8 months life expectancy or 10 million life years gained per year



Costs of co 2 reductions for china in 2020 and associated changes in air pollutants emissions
Costs of CO2 reductions for China in 2020and associated changes in air pollutants emissions


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • In addition to “conventional” air pollution problems from industrial sources, AQ impacts from poverty add an additional burden in developing countries.

  • Interactions between air pollution and GHG mitigation are equally relevant for developing countries. Well-selected measures to improve local air quality in the near term can deliver co-benefits on GHG emissions.


Gains asia is freely accessible at the internet www iiasa ac at web apps apd gains as index login
GAINS-Asia is freely accessible at the Internetwww.iiasa.ac.at/web-apps/apd/gains/AS/index.login