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Chrysanthemum Production. By: Johnny M. Jessup Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor. Introduction. Chrysanthemums are the most popular cut flower sold in the United States. They are very popular as a potted for…. Mother’s Day Memorial Day Easter

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chrysanthemum production

Chrysanthemum Production

By: Johnny M. Jessup

Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor

introduction
Introduction
  • Chrysanthemums are the most popular cut flower sold in the United States.
  • They are very popular as a potted for….
    • Mother’s Day
    • Memorial Day
    • Easter
  • 2nd only to poinsettias in $ value for potted flowers.
chrysanthemum production1
Chrysanthemum Production
  • Many different Cultivars grown
    • Sunny Linda
    • Sunny Anna
    • Sunny Alison
    • Rusts
    • Many, many more
chrysanthemum production2
Chrysanthemum Production
  • Rooted cuttings are available from wholesale growers.
chrysanthemum production3
Chrysanthemum Production
  • Number of plants per pot depends on the pot size:
    • 4” pot has 2 plants.
    • 5” pot has 4 plants.
    • 6” pot has 5 plants.
  • Should be equally spaced and slanted towards the outside at a 45o angle.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • During the first 2 weeks….
    • Potted mums should be spaced 8 inches apart measuring from pot rim to pot rim.
greenhouse temperatures
Greenhouse Temperatures
  • First 2 Weeks:
    • 63oF at night & cloudy days and 70oF on sunny days.
  • From 2 Weeks to the 3 Last Weeks:
    • 62oF at night & cloudy days and 70oF on sunny days.
  • Last 3 Weeks:
    • 55oF at night & cloudy days and 65oF on sunny days.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • Improper temperatures cause uneven bud set.
chrysanthemum best practices
Chrysanthemum Best Practices
  • Pinching
    • Done to make a more compact plant with more flowers.
  • Disbudding
    • Done to control or reduce the number of flowers per plant.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • Media must be….
    • Free from diseases and insects.
    • Porous and well drained.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • Fertilization
    • Have a regular program of liquid fertilization using 250 ppm of 20-20-20 at each watering.
  • Watering
    • Mums should be watered when the top of the media is beginning to appear dry.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • Mums are a short day plant meaning….
    • They flower when days are short and the nights are long.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • Bud set light period is 14½ hours or less and flower development takes place when daylight is 13½ hours or less.
  • Vegetative growth light period is less than 12½ hours.
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Chrysanthemum Production
  • From August to May 15, light is used during the middle of the night to break the long dark periods.
  • From about March 15 to October 20, black cloth is used to give about 12 hours of darkness from about 5 p.m. to 7 a.m.
designed by
Designed By:
  • Johnny M. Jessup; FFA Advisor
    • Hobbton High School