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UNDERSTANDING THE IDU COMMUNITY AND THEIR VULNERABILITIES. PROFILE OF A USUAL IDU. The typical IDU: a man, in his productive years, but not likely to be regularly and gainfully employed may be married, but likely to have poor social support
Services beyond the TIs
Improved access to services
Improved prevention of new infectionsAdvocacy, Networking & Community Mobilisation
In the context of this manual, resource mapping is a process that enables a person who inject drugs (PWID/IDUs) or a person who works with IDUs community to identify and create an inventory of existing resources and organize all relevant information to provide stakeholders direction to achieve their objectives (needs).
Community mobilization is defined as
“Acapacity building process through which community individuals, groups or organization plan, carry out and evaluate activities on participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other needs, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others”
(Howard G, L and Snetro. G 2003)
Tools – time lines, body mapping, resource mapping, horse and carts, problem tree, ranking, ven/chapati diagram etc
Applying elements of the framework in the context of:
1) Persuade all influential individuals and groups/ organizations through various persuasive activities as quickly as possible to adopt an effective approach to HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users, and
2) Start, maintain or increase specific activities to a scale where they will effectively prevent HIV infection among IDUs and assist in the treatment, care and support of IDUs living with HIV/AIDS (Burrows 2003).
1. Operational level: more likely to come into contact with project staff, Peer Educators and IDUs
2. Middle management: those responsible for management and supervision of the operational police
3. Senior level: those who are involved in policy making and strategic planning at state or regional level
Monitoring is a continuous process of systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide the management and the main stakeholders of an on going development intervention with indications on the extent of progress and achievement of objectives
It allows to continuously improve the programme at each stage
Evaluation is judgment :
Social change typically takes place over many years, involves many different actors and is difficult to measure. For the same reasons it is difficult to determine “attribute”, or the degree to which a change can be credited to a specific intervention.