Product manufacture. Scales of production. How many products are required?. When organising the manufacturing process, it is first necessary to determine how many products are required.
Scales of production
When organising the manufacturing process, it is first necessary to determine how many products are required.
Other factors that affect organisational decisions are how much the customer is likely to pay for the product and the levels of quality that are required.
Terms describing the different scales of production are:
Examples of one-off products range from simple items made by a single worker, such as a wedding cake, to very complex products, such as oil rigs manufactured
by hundreds of workers.
Bread and cakes are made in batches and the number of products is determined by the amount of dough mixed.
Furniture is also usually made in batches.
Batches may be as small as a handful and as large as several thousand.
Car production is organised in this way. The
manufacturing space is created or adapted to allow the production to be as efficient as possible. Many thousands of the same product needs to be manufactured to justify the investment in machinery.
this type of production.
Soft drinks are an example of a product manufactured using continuous production. It is essential that the manufacturing plant is designed to enable the quantities to be achieved at low costs.
Advances in computer technology means that many products can be manufactured using the cost savings of mass production but still give the customer a wide range of choices.
Though not exactly custom production, hundreds of options are possible, as every product is made to an individual specification.
This is possible because of: