Energy Emergency Response in Chinese Taipei. EWG42 Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei. CHINESE TAIPEI 19-20 October 2011. Contents. Overview of Chinese Taipei’s Energy Supply and Policies Legal Framework and Implementation of Stockpiling and Emergency Response System in Chinese Taipei Conclusion.
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Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei
19-20 October 2011
Energy Supply and Policies
High Dependence on Imported Energy
Owing to the shortage of indigenous energy resources, 99.4% of total energy supply is imported.
Indigenous Energy Supply (2010)
0.88 Million KLOE
Total Primary Energy Supply (2010)
146.0 Million KLOE
High Dependence on Fossil Energy
(1)Fossil fuels accounted for 90.9% of Chinese Taipei’s total energy supply.
(2)Chinese Taipei’s dependence on fossil energy is higher than neighboring countries.
(3)Electricity from high carbon, coal-fired power plants accounts for 53.4% of electricity supply.
(4)In light of the above facts, Chinese Taipei aims to develop low carbon energy to reduce its dependence on fossil fuel.
United Arab Emirates
Equatorial Guinea, 2.2%
Richards Bay (6402浬、20~23天）
Abbot Point (3267浬、10~12天）
Darlymple Bay (3365浬、10~12天）
Gladstone (3567浬、11~13 天)
Port Kembla (4318浬、12~15天）
Developing clean energy
Securing stable energy supply
Enhancing energy efficiency
To establish a secure energy supply system to support the needs of economic development
Multi-layered policy measures are required.
3. To expand supply sources via international cooperation
1. Sufficient production facilities
2. Regular maintenance of energy facilities
3. Strengthening energy transmission and storage facilities
4. Ensure energy transit security
1. Regulatory regime and special task forces
2. Emergency response mechanism
1. The development of renewable of high independency
2. The development of low-carbon energy technology
Important short-term measures
of Stockpiling and Emergency Response
System in Chinese Taipei
Petroleum Management Act
By the consumption level of 44 Mbbl per day, Chinese Taipei has kept 128 days of oil stocks in total as of Feb 2011. (government:38 days; private sector:90days)
Regulation on Oil Disposal during Emergency
In the face of oil disruption or dramatic oil price fluctuation which may pose threats to the stability of oil supply and national security, the Ministry of Economic Affairs are empowered to‧implement restrictions on oil import, export and holdings‧implement restrictions on oil distribution and selling‧set up the maximum of oil prices‧adjust the quantity, appropriate and make specific use of oil stocks
Natural Gas Enterprise Law
—natural gas production enterprises: half day
—natural gas import enterprises: 15 days
—natural gas enterprises that runs both production and import: 15days
Taichung LNG station
YongAn LNG station
Total gas stocks are equivalent to 15.7 days of domestic demands
Regulation on LNG supply and price control
To minimize the impact ongeneral users
Regulation on LNG supply and price control (cont.)
In case of:1. A monthly average price increase of imported natural gas exceeding more than 50%2. A cumulative average price increase over three consecutive months of imported natural gas exceeding more than 50%The Ministry of Economic Affairsmay command LNG import enterprises to temporarily suspend price adjustment or to partially adjust natural gas prices.
Energy Management Act
Coal-fired power plants are required to maintain coal stocks of no less than 30 days by the average coal demand of the previous year.
Restriction on the power use during power failure
Follow the IEA 90-day obligation and surpass the target practically to ensure sufficient supply during emergency