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Unit 4. Learning about language. discovering useful words and expressions:. Discovering useful words and expressions. Exercise 1:. 1 . distant. far away in space or time to go down to a lower level able to control events to do something to make a change

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slide2

Unit 4

Learning about language

slide4

Discovering useful words and expressions

Exercise 1:

1. distant

far away in space or time

to go down to a lower level

able to control events

to do something to make a change

to understand how serious a situation is

2. decrease

3. powerful

4. affect

5. appreciate

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Discovering useful words and expressions

Exercise 1:

to run after animals in order to kill or

catch them

to keep someone or something safe

from harm

to do something as a reaction to

something done or said

feeling of comfort when something

worrying has ended or not happened

6. hunt

7. protect…from

8. respond

9. relief

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Exercise 2:

protect … from wild reserve

powerful appreciate hunt relief species

Wendy Lee was a famous photographer and always photographed _________ animals in their natural habitat. One day she drove her car into the local game ________ as usual to _________ for some animals to photograph. After a while she saw some zebra with black and white lines going beneath their stomachs. “This must be a special _________ of zebra,” thought Wendy. “I’ve never seen one like this before.” Suddenly the zebra looked up and moved away as quickly as they could.

wild

reserve

hunt

species

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Exercise 2:

protect … from wild reserve

powerful appreciate hunt relief species

powerful

Wendy looked around and saw a _________ lion in the grass. She _____________ the danger , so she sounded her born loudly until the lion turned and walked away. Wendy waited for several minutes to make sure the lion was not coming back. Then she gave a smile of _______. But soon her smile disappeared because she realized that in _______ the zebra _________ the lion she had lost her best chance of taking some amazing photographs!

appreciated

relief

protecting

from

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Exercise 3:

Find the words that are related to wildlife protection in this unit and fit them into the boxes below.

habitat protection zone reserve

animal park nature park

safari park

South China tiger

Panda

Tropical rainforest wildlife

Milu deer Tibetan antelope

African elephants

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situation

Die out extinct ion appreciate the importance

Pay attention to wildlife protection punish the hunters in relief in peace decrease decline threaten protect … from

Protection increase loss endanger hunted killed threatened do harm to … affect

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A game “Pass it on”

Teams of five

Whisper to the next person “Pay attention to…”

The last person tells the rests of class what they should pay attention to.

Example of sentences:

Go to the rain forest to feed the monkeys.

Go down the deep hole to rescue the fallen animal.

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Fill in the blanks with words you learned in this unit.

I am really ___________ about the w______ in the r___ f_____.

But at the moment, I have no idea how we can protect the e_________ animals there. No matter what happens, I will p____ more a________ t__ wildlife p____________ from now on.

concerned

ildlife

ain

orest

ndangered

ttention

ay

o

rotection

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discovering

useful structures:

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Can you find the following sentence in the reading passage?-------Our fur is being used to make sweaters like yours.
  • Daisy turned round and saw she was being watched by an excited elephant.
is are am being being
现在进行时被动语态表示说话时或现阶段某个被动的动作正在进行,谓语动词的形式为“is / are / am + being+过去分词”。如果去掉being,就成为一般现在时被动语态或系表结构。试比较下列句子:现在进行时被动语态表示说话时或现阶段某个被动的动作正在进行,谓语动词的形式为“is / are / am + being+过去分词”。如果去掉being,就成为一般现在时被动语态或系表结构。试比较下列句子:

Look! The children are being taken care of by 

their aunt.

瞧!孩子们现在正由姑母照看着。(指现在的情况)

Children are taken good care of at school. 

孩子们在学校被照看得很好。(指通常的情况)

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The report is being written by one of the best students. 报告正在由一个最好的学生写着。The report is well written. 报告写得很好。(系表结构)

现在进行时被动语态的用法:

1、表示现阶段正在进行的动作 现在进行时被动语态也可表示目前这一阶段主语正在承受谓语动词的动作。例:

slide17

Rainforests are being cut and burned at  such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. 

热带雨林被砍、烧得这么快,他们将在不久的将来从地球上消失。

Many interesting experiments are being  carried out these days.

最近正在进行许多有趣的实验。

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2、表示计划或安排 现在进行时被动语态还可表示按计划、安排主语将要承受谓语动词的动作(仅限于少数及物动词)。例:A folk song is being sung next. 2、表示计划或安排 现在进行时被动语态还可表示按计划、安排主语将要承受谓语动词的动作(仅限于少数及物动词)。例:A folk song is being sung next. 

下面将唱一首民歌。A party is being held tonight. 

今晚将要举行一场晚会。It is said that a plane is being flown by him to America at eight next Sunday morning. 

据说下周日早上八点他将开飞机去美国。

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3、没有进行时的被动语态一些表示状态、心理活动、拥有、存在等的动词(和主动语态一样)一般不用进行时被动语态,常用一般现在时被动语态表示此时此刻或目前主语承受谓语动词的动作。如: 小王,过来,有你的电话。3、没有进行时的被动语态一些表示状态、心理活动、拥有、存在等的动词(和主动语态一样)一般不用进行时被动语态,常用一般现在时被动语态表示此时此刻或目前主语承受谓语动词的动作。如: 小王,过来,有你的电话。

【误】 Xiao Wang, come here. You are being wanted on the phone.

【正】 Xiao Wang, come here. You are wanted on the phone. 

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4、其他形式表示被动结构"be +under/ in等介词+名词"结构可代替进行时被动语态。例:The city is under attack ( is being attacked ) at the moment. 目前这个城市正受到进攻。The bridge is under repair / construction4、其他形式表示被动结构"be +under/ in等介词+名词"结构可代替进行时被动语态。例:The city is under attack ( is being attacked ) at the moment. 目前这个城市正受到进攻。The bridge is under repair / construction

(=is being repaired/ constructed). 桥梁正在修理中/建筑中。The problem is under discussion (=is being discussed) at the meeting. 问题正在会上讨论。 The telephone is in use (=is being used) 

now. 电话正在使用中

slide21

高考链接

  • 1.A new cinema ______ here. They hope to finish it next month.

A. will be built B. is built

C. has been built D. is being built

解析:由they hope to finish it next month,可以知道“建造”工作正在进行,而且主语cinema与动词build之间是被动关系,因此使用现在进行时的被动语态。

slide22

高考链接

  • 2.Rainforests ______ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future.

A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut

D. had been cut

解析:从句子的语境they will disappear from the earth in the near future 可以知道,“热带雨林被砍伐”正在进行,因此使用现在进行时的被动语态。

try and see if you can help fill in the following form
Try and see if you can help fill in the following form

is being studied

__

is being protected

is beinghunted

is being photographed

are being killed

are being attacked

slide25

完成句子:

  • ____________________________(应该注意)even the smallest detail.
  • 2. (据说)_____________ that he has gone to America.
  • 3. The place is very dirty. Rubbish ______________(扔)everywhere.

Attention should be paid to

It is said

has been thrown

slide26

4. Most of the streets in the city________________(拓宽)already and many new buildings _________________ (建造) now.

5. What should you do while you _______________ (跟踪)by a stranger?

has been widened

are being built

are being followed

slide27

I don’t know what time it is now. My watch _____ . A. is repairing B. has been repaired C. is being repaired D. has repaired

  • 2. A new stadium ___here. They hope to finish it next week. A. will be built B. is built C. is being built D. is building
slide28

3. The patient __ now. He will come out soon. A. is examined B. is being examined C. is examining D. has examined

4. Have you moved into the new house ? Not yet, the rooms _________. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting

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5. Look! Everything here is under construction.

What’s the pretty small house that __for? A. is being built B. having been built C. is built D. is building

6. Do you like the material? Yes, it ___very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt

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7. John ____, for he went swimming yesterday without permission. A. would punish B. had punished C. was punished D. punished

8. If rubber __, it gives off a terrible smell. A. burnt B. will burn C. have been burned D. is burned

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9. This book ___ under the bench for two days. A. has put B. has been lying

C. has been put D. has been laid

10. What should ___ must ___. A. do; do B. be done; be done

C. to be done; do D. do; be done

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11. He ___ and was made to repeat it. A. was not understood B. didn’t understood C. wasn’t understand D. didn’t understand

slide33

12. I still don’t know what ___ while I was away. A. has happened B. was happened C. happened D. had happened

slide34

13. The bridge which ___ last year ___ really beautiful. A. was built; looks B. was building; looks C. was built; is looked D. was building; is looked

slide35

14. Water ___ at 100℃. A. boils B. is boiled C. has been boiled D. has boiled

15. The manager told me that he ___ in 1975. A. has born B. born C. was born D. had born

slide36

16. The camera you ___ now ___ to me. A. use; is belonged B. are using; is belonged C. use; is belonging D. are using; belongs

slide37

17. I ___ that they ___ a new machine. A. was told; were designing B. told; were designing C. was told; designing D. told; had designed

slide38

高考链接

  • A new cinema ____ here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built
slide39
解析: 由they hope to finish it next month,可以知道“建造”工作正在进行,而且主语cinema与动词build之间是被动关系,因此使用现在进行时的被动语态。
slide40
2. Rainforests __ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are being cut C. are cut D. had been cut
slide41
解析: 从句子的语境they will disappear from the earth in the near future 可以知道, “热带雨林被砍伐”正在进行, 因此使用现在进行时的被动语态。
slide42
完成下面的句子。

is being talked

1. The news ____________ (被讨论) about everywhere.

2. A lot of tall buildings ___________ (建立), and people will move in next year.

are being set

3. Most of the streets in the city has been widened and many new buildings _______________. (重建)

are being rebuilt

slide43

Homework

Finish exercises on page 29.

Finish using “using words and expressions” and “using structures” on page 63-63.

Find more information on dinosaurs.