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AP Psychology. 4/10/14. Warm-up. Turn in Therapy graphic organizer. Psychoanalytic Therapy. NOT psychodynamic in this case…confusing! Freudian Free association Provide insight Transference Dream interpretation 3-7 years @$150/session…. Psychodynamic therapy. Based off Freud

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warm up
Warm-up
  • Turn in Therapy graphic organizer.
psychoanalytic therapy
Psychoanalytic Therapy
  • NOT psychodynamic in this case…confusing!
  • Freudian
  • Free association
  • Provide insight
  • Transference
  • Dream interpretation
  • 3-7 years @$150/session…
psychodynamic therapy
Psychodynamic therapy
  • Based off Freud
  • Shorter, cheaper, goal-directed
  • Face-to-face therapy
  • Interpersonal psychotherapy: short and intended to relieve symptoms
humanistic therapy
Humanistic therapy
  • What is troubling here and now…address this and symptoms will disappear
  • Responsibility on individual: client-center (nondirective)
  • Unconditional positive regard from therapist (Rogers)
  • Gestalt therapy (Frederick Perls): intended to focus on the present (existential) and enable people to make better choices based on their whole (gestalt) circumstances.
  • Existential therapy (Irvin Yalom): helps people cope with existence—inevitability of death, “condemned to be free,” and meaninglessness.
behavior therapy
Behavior therapy
  • Change the behavior/symptoms = change the problem
  • Systematic desensitization (gradual)
  • Aversive conditioning (opposite of S.D.)
  • Flooding (used to treat phobias with prolonged exposure)
  • Token economy (questions of ethics & “real world”)
cognitive therapy
Cognitive therapy
  • Correct distorted thinking and symptoms disappear
  • Aaron Beck (father of cognitive therapy)
cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  • RET (Rational Emotive Therapy) – Albert Ellis
  • Dissatisfied with psychoanalytic, so he developed a new approach.
  • “People are not bothered by things but by their view of things.”
family therapy
Family therapy
  • Treats a family as a system
  • Genogram (pictorial display of relationships—visualize patterns & factors in genetic tree/relationships)
  • You don’t actually draw the people 
meta analysis
Meta-analysis
  • Statistically combining many research studies.
psychopharmacology biological therapy
Psychopharmacology(biological therapy)
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) = extreme depression
  • Psychosurgery: lobotomies…are not good (sorry guys)
  • Chemotherapy: antipsychotics, antianxiety, antidepressants
antipsychotics neuroleptics
Antipsychotics (neuroleptics)
  • Major tranquilizers
  • Schizophrenia: chloropromazine, haloperidol
  • Side effects: tardivedyskenesia (involuntary muscle movements) and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (delirium, coma, death)
  • New-generation antipsychotics (clozapine)
antianxiety
Antianxiety
  • Minor tranquilizers
  • Xanax, Valium
  • Increase Cl ions (chloride) in nerve cells which decrease transmission
  • Side effects: dependency, weakness/paralysis
antidepressants
Antidepressants
  • Increase serotonin/norepinephrine levels in synapse
  • MAOI: monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO breaks down serotonin and norepinephrine)
  • Tricyclics: prevents reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine
  • SSRIs: Serotonin prevented from reuptake into terminal button (Prozac)
  • Lithium carbonate (Li2CO3): treats bipolar disorder (as well as schizophrenia occasionally). Dampens extreme mood swings
psychologist vs psychiatrist
Psychologist vs. Psychiatrist
  • Psychologist = PhD in psychology
  • Psychiatrist = degree in medicine (can prescribe medicine)