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Barcelona’s La FamiliaSagradaTemple Expiatori de ma SagradaFamilia“ExpitoryTemply of the Holy Family” And other Architecutures of Barcelona By: Breeana Graham
The Church’s First Architects • JosepBocabella • Catalan publisher who originally conceived La FamiliaSagrada. • Francesc de Paula Villar • Proposed a simple church in traditional neo-gothic style. JosepBocabella
AntoniGaudi (1852–1926) • Took over as lead architect because of arguments between Bocabella and Villar. • Changed project entirely; used opportunity to express his strong religious and nationalist feelings. • Devoted life to finishing La FamiliaSagrada for 40 years. • Project remained unfinished after sudden death. “My client is not in a hurry.” -Antoni Gaudi
After Gaudi’s Death • DomènechSugranyes • Took over as lead architectbut was interrupted by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1935. • The building remained intact during the war, but in 1936 many of its models and plans were destroyed by Catalan anarchists, who saw the church as a symbol of the old, conservative religion that had no place in the new Barcelona. • Construction started again in late 1950’s.
La FamiliaSagrada Façade’s Passion Façade Nativity Façade Glory Façade Each facade has three portals representing the virtues of Faith, Hope and Love.
Passion Façade Located on the Western side of the Church, the Passion façade is dedicated to the suffering and death of Jesus Christ. This façade is nearly complete. It is decorated with angular sculptures done by Josep Maria Subirach. Upper Picture: Sculpture of Jesus being flogged. Left Hand Picture: The Great doors of Passion Façade, it’s printed with words from the Bible in various languages including Catalan.
Nativity Façade Located on the eastern side of the church, the Nativity Façade is dedicated the birth of Jesus Christ. This façade was finished before the Spanish Civil War broke out and has the most influence of Antoni Gaudi. The Adoration of the Magi, the Adoration of the Shepherds, and the Coronation and the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary is depicted in the façade. A Cypress tree, represented by a spiral is symbolizes the tree of life.
Glory Façade The Glory Façade has yet to be built. It is estimated that the entire FamiliaSagrada will be commpleted by 2026, however, some have reason to believe that it will take much longer. • eventually serve as the main entrance to the FamiliaSagrada. • dedicated to the general order of creation. It will include 7 columns to symbolize the gifts from the Holy Spirit and present the virtues against sin. • It will have many sculpted stone clouds bearing the Credo written in large letters. There will be bell towers that will be consecrated to the apostles St. Andrew, St. Peter, St. Paul and St. James the Great.
The Towers Eight of an intended eighteen towers are completed.. Each tower is to represent one of the 12 apostles with their names and a sculpture. Gaudi also intended to add a tower in the center, with a great cross representing Jesus. • Then surrounding the great cross, 4 shorter towers will be built to represent the four evangelist by their animal.
The Church Interior At the top, you can climb around the walls and into other towers and enjoy partial views of Barcelona through a jumble of latticed stonework, ceramic decoration, carved buttresses and a variety of sculpture. Upper Picture: You can either take elevators to the top of the façades or take one of the beautifully made stairways.
Palau de la Generalitat de Catalunya Built by Marc Safont, it was constructed in 1416-1418. It now serves as a government building in St Jaume Square.
Santa Maria del Mar, Basílica de A holy church that displays a high degree of unity and unparalleled beauty. It’s considered to be the best example of Catalan Gothic Architecture. Berenguer de Montagut and Ramon Despuig designed the church.
The German Pavilion The Barcelona Pavilion, a work symbol of the Modern Movement. It was designed by Ludwig Mies van derRohe as the German National Pavilion for the 1929 Barcelona International Exhibition.
THE END! Interior Picture of the FamiliaSagrada. TeatreLliure An eclectical theater in Barcelona. THANK YOU!