URINALYSIS. The urinalysis is a fundamental test that should be performed in all urologic patients A complete urinalysis includes both chemical and microscopic analyses. . Reasons for inadequate urinalyses include. Improper collection, Failure to examine the specimen immediately,
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The urinalysis is a fundamental test that should be performed in all urologic patients
(5) Inadequate appreciation of the significance of the findings.
(3) decreased renal concentrating ability, and
(4) diabetes insipidus.
(1) decreased fluid intake;
(2) dehydration owing to fever, sweating, vomiting, and diarrhea;
(3) diabetes mellitus (glucosuria); and
(4) inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
In patients with a presumed UTI, an alkaline urine with a pH greater than 7.5 suggests infection with a urea-splitting organism, most commonly Proteus.
(5) urobilinogen and bilirubin, and
(6) white blood cells.
Evaluation of glomerular hematuria (dysmorphic erythrocytes, erythrocyte casts, and proteinuria). ANA, antinuclear antibody; ASO, antistreptolysin O; Ig, immunoglobulin.
Evaluation of nonglomerular renal hematuria (circular erythrocytes, no erythrocyte casts, and proteinuria). CT, computed tomography; IgA, immunoglobulin A; IVU, intravenous urography; PT, prothrombin time; PTT, partial thromboplastin time;
Evaluation of essential hematuria (circular erythrocytes, no erythrocyte casts, no significant proteinuria). CT, computed tomography; IVU, intravenous urography
Protocol for determining the need for urine sediment microscopy in an asymptomatic population