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搞定天文地理单词. 濮天. 天文地理生态类单词 背景知识 答疑. 天文 Astro nomy 来自 Star. Astro logy [ əˈstrɔlədʒi ] 占星术 Dis aster Stella r [ˈ stelə (r )] adj. 星星的 Con stella tion [ˌ kɔnstəˈleiʃən ] n. 星座 Zodiac Astro naut [ˈ æstrənɔ:t ] 宇航员 Aster oid  [ˈ æstərɔid ] 小行星,类星体. 各种星星。。。 以及恐龙的灭绝.

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astro nomy star
天文 Astronomy 来自Star

Astrology [əˈstrɔlədʒi]占星术 Disaster

Stellar [ˈstelə(r)] adj. 星星的

Constellation [ˌkɔnstəˈleiʃən] n.星座 Zodiac

Astronaut [ˈæstrənɔ:t] 宇航员

Asteroid  [ˈæstərɔid] 小行星,类星体

8 planets
8 Planets及背景

Mercury Venus(sister) Earth Mars

Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune


Terrestrial [təˈrestrɪəl] adj. 类似地球的

Jovian adj. 类地木星的

terr estrial terra
Terrestrial 来自Terra

Terrain [ˈterein] n.地形

Terrace [ˈterɪs] n. 梯田,看台

Territory [ˈteritəri] n.领土

Mediterranean [ˌmeditəˈreiniən] n.地中海 a.地中海的

Extraterrestrial [ˏekstrətəˈrestrɪəl] = E.T.


Kiss me, k-k-kiss meInfect me with your loveAnd fill me with your poisonTake me, t-t-take meWanna be your victimReady for abductionBoy, you're an alienYour touch so foreignIt's supernaturalextraterrestrial


orbit, axis

Revolve The earth revolves round the sun (on its axis).



Spin(快转) spinning, spin-off, spin my wheel


Crust, mantle, core

Erosion, weather, wear

Deposit, sediment, rock

Mine, mineral

Continent, ocean, plate

Continental drift theory, plate tectonics theory


Tropics 热带地区

Tropic [ˈtrɔpik] n.回归线

Tropic of Cancer; Tropic of Capricorn

Temperate [ˈtempərit] zone n. 温带地区

Equator [iˈkweitə] n.(地球)赤道

Polar region n. 极地 Arctic, Antarctic


Longitude [ˈlɔndʒitju:d] n.经度

Latitude [ˈlætitju:d] n.纬度

Altitude [ˈæltitju:d] n.高度 elevation [ˌeliˈveiʃən]


Desertification: overcultivation, overgrazing, overirrgation, and firewood gathering

Greenhouse effect: carbon dioxide

Ozone layer, ultraviolet rays

e vol ution

British cartoonists presented Darwin's theory in an unthreatening way. In the 1870s iconic caricatures of Darwin with an ape or monkey body emphasised his significance in transforming ideas, and contributed to widespread identification of evolutionism with Darwinism.

on the origin of species
On the origin of species

Every species is fertile enough that if all offspring survived to reproduce the population would grow (fact).

Despite periodic fluctuations, populations remain roughly the same size (fact).

Resources such as food are limited and are relatively stable over time (fact).

A struggle for survival ensues (inference).

on the origin of species1
On the origin of species

Individuals in a population vary significantly from one another (fact).

Much of this variation is inheritable (fact).

Individuals less suited to the environment are less likely to survive and less likely to reproduce; individuals more suited to the environment are more likely to survive and more likely to reproduce and leave their inheritable traits to future generations, which produces the process of natural selection (inference).

This slowly effected process results in populations changing to adapt to their environments, and ultimately, these variations accumulate over time to form new species (inference).