ocean currents n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
OCEAN CURRENTS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

OCEAN CURRENTS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

OCEAN CURRENTS. Section 4 – Chapter 13. What is a current?. A curren t is a large stream of moving water. Currents actually MOVE water – waves do NOT move water. There are 2 main types of currents: Surface currents Deep currents. SURFACE CURRENTS.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. OCEAN CURRENTS Section 4 – Chapter 13

    2. What is a current? • A current is a large stream of moving water. • Currents actually MOVE water – waves do NOT move water. • There are 2 main types of currents: • Surface currents • Deep currents

    3. SURFACE CURRENTS • Affect water several hundred meters deep. • Driven mainly by the wind. • Most of them flow East or West

    4. Coriolis Effect • The Coriolis Effect is the effect of Earth’s rotation on the direction of the currents. • Northern Hemisphere – currents flow to the right; clockwise • Southern Hemisphere – currents flow to the left; counterclockwise Click the Earth for video explanation!

    5. Video Demo of Coriolis Effect

    6. The GULF STREAM • The largest, most powerful surface current in the Atlantic Ocean. • It carries warm water from Mexico to Carribean then northward along coast of US – at NC it curves outward due to Coriolis Effect!

    7. Gulf Stream

    8. Surface Currents Affect Climate • Warm/Cold water currents will warm or cool the air above them and influence the climate on land. • Air over warm currents tend to pick up moisture and bring rain to land. • Cold currents will cool the air which can’t pick up as much moisture which results in cooler, drier weather.

    9. El Nino • Unusual wind patterns will change the currents flow in the Pacific Ocean. • It happens every 2-7 years. • This change causes weather patterns to shift towards more severe weather occurances like extra rainy(flooding/mudslides), mild winters, incident of tornadoes increases, etc.

    10. Ocean Temp Comparison El Nino – Temps are higher

    11. Wind Patterns Shift

    12. DEEP CURRENTS • Caused by differences in density of ocean water due to difference in temperature/salinity. • Flow more slowly than surface currents – one circuit around can take up to 1000 years! • Cold water flows from the poles towards the equator. • Sometimes called “thermohaline” currents or the “conveyor belt”

    13. UPWELLING • Movement of cold, deep water upwards towards the surface. • Important b/c it brings nutrients from the ocean floor up towards the surface. • Fish & other organisms depend on this upwelling for their survival. • Many upwelling regions contain hundreds of schools of fish.