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Cultural Shock China - Hanne Chen -. Manuel Simon Asian Studies in Business & Economics, 12 th June 2006. Agenda. Introduction Cultural frame: world outlook, history, language Chinese everyday life 4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese culture group Conclusion. 1. Introduction.

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cultural shock china hanne chen

Cultural Shock China- Hanne Chen -

Manuel Simon

Asian Studies in Business & Economics, 12th June 2006

agenda
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame: world outlook, history, language
  • Chinese everyday life

4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese culture group

  • Conclusion
1 introduction1
1. Introduction
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
  • Hanne Chen was born in Duisburg in 1961.
  • She studied Sinology and German language and literature studies and lived for four and a half years in China and Taiwan.
  • Meanwhile she lives as a free author with her husband and two children next to Cambridge in England.
2 cultural frame1
2. Cultural Frame

2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism

2.2 Calendar and celebrations

2.3 History of the People‘s Republic China

2 1 confucian ideology taoism and buddhism
2.1 Confucian ideology, Taoism and Buddhism

China is characterised by three very different philosophies.

  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
  • Confucianism
  • Classification of
  • people
  • Family structure
  • Connections
  • Buddhism
  • youngest Chinese
  • religion
  • Mortality of human
  • beings
  • Taoism
  • Counterpart to the
  • Confucianism
  • Egoism of the
  • individual
2 cultural frame2
2. Cultural Frame

2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism

2.2 Calendar and celebrations

2.3 History of the People‘s Republic China

2 2 calendar and celebrations
2.2 Calendar and Celebrations
  • The moon calendar is besides the Gregorian calendar still in use.
  • One year has twelve moon months, but in periodic intervals years with thirteen months have to be inserted.
  • The Chinese public holidays are determined by the moon respectively old farmer calendar.
  • Most important celebration is the New Year’s Day or spring celebration (chunijie) which takes place on the first new moon after the 29th January.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
2 cultural frame3
2. Cultural Frame

2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism

2.2 Calendar and celebrations

2.3 History of the People‘s Republic China

2 3 history of the people s republic china
2.3 History of the People’s Republic China
  • Sun Yatsen proclaimed the Chinese Republic on January 1911.
  • China faced its most impressive time during the era “Mao Zedong” which began on 1st October 1949.
  • ‘The Chinese nation is risen. Nobody will ever oppress it’(p. 44).
  • Crucial event of the Mao era was the Cultural Revolution and the smashing of the “Four Old”: old ideas, old manner and customs, and old culture.
  • After Mao’s death (1976) China’s political and economic success started.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
3 chinese everyday life1
3. Chinese everyday life

3.1 Politeness

3.2 Connections

3.3 Food

3 1 politeness
3.1 Politeness
  • Politeness is consideration for the face of the others.
  • Every situation in liferequires a lot of empathy. One relies on that the person opposite assesses the situation in the right way.
  • The art of suggesting something belongs to the polite Chinese speech.
  • One indirect and polite style is also the so called “spiral speaking”.
  • Discretion at being right andmodesty characterise the noble Chinese behaviour. Also the body language is quieter and more restrained.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
3 chinese everyday life2
3. Chinese everyday life

3.1 Politeness

3.2 Connections

3.3 Food

3 2 connections
3.2 Connections
  • Guanxi are the connections.
  • There are also laws, but these only count for those which do not have connections.
  • ‘The law is a piece of paper, you can tear it up and throw it away’(p. 117).
  • The cultivation of connections is vital and guarantees a maximum of safety.
  • However, connections do not only enrich human relations they also complicate them. Moreover, Guanxi is very expensive.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
3 chinese everyday life3
3. Chinese everyday life

3.1 Politeness

3.2 Connections

3.3 Food

3 3 food
3.3 Food
  • ‘How eats, is a king’ (p. 172).
  • Chinese has a very oral imagery.
  • Eating can become the main theme during a conversation.
  • The Chinese kitchen is very creative. Animals‘ life in this culture is hard.
  • Eating represents social life and consumption, and consumption is prestige. Thus, one gladly invites friends, business partners and relatives for diner.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
4 position of foreigners in the chinese culture group1
4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese culture group

4.1 Between resentments and hospitality

4.2 „Chinese right!“ – what foreigners should take into account

4 1 between resentments and hospitality
4.1 Between resentments and hospitality
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion

„The culture of the Western people consists of sex, drugs and aids. All Germans lie naked in parks in the summer. German men have a beer belly and look if they are pregnant in the seventh month” (p. 200).

4 1 between resentments and hospitality1
4.1 Between resentments and hospitality
  • Foreigners often face resistance and hostility. This can be explained by China’s decades of shielding and insidious policy on foreigners.
  • The outstanding consciousness of one’s own exclusiveness influences the social intercourse with foreigners.
  • ‘You will never understand us because you are foreigners’(p. 212).
  • Protective instinct or compassionate ignorance are the determinants of readiness to help.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
4 position of foreigners in the chinese culture group2
4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese culture group

4.1 Between resentments and hospitality

4.2 „Chinese right!“ – what foreigners should take into account

4 2 chinese right
4.2 „Chinese right!“
  • Generally appear groom, men with beards are not really welcome!
  • Never put the chopsticks crossed own your bowl! This is an omen for quarrel!
  • Do not shack hands if greeting someone!
  • If you are in a bad mood or have problems keep them by yourself!
  • Understate your own abilities!
  • If you are praised, refuse it politely!
  • Consideration for the face of the others!
  • Avoid irony!
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
5 conclusion1
5. Conclusion
  • In the first part of her bookthe author fascinates the reader with her terse and amusing style of writing.
  • The second part connects the pleasure of reading the author’s bookwith information very charmingly. It is the friendly and critical, but never cynical demonstration of small things.
  • Hanne Chen encourages the readerby much background information and amusing stories to reflect his own behaviour in different situations in life;this can especially observed in the third part.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
5 conclusion2
5. Conclusion
  • This book will not take the reader the cultural shock.Nevertheless, Hanne Chen prepares the reader for the foreign culture by her huge historic and social background information.
  • An excellent book which gets the reader in the proper mood for Chinaand prepares him very well.
  • Introduction
  • Cultural frame
  • Chinese everyday life
  • Chinese culture group
  • Conclusion
slide28
Thank you very much

for your attention!!!

… any questions???

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