England. Scotland. Unit 4 Chapter 14 . Section 1 The British Isles. Northern Ireland-Unionists. Wales. Ireland. Section 1 The British Isles. HISTORY— How has history affected the culture of the British Isles? Early settlers left landmarks and monuments like Stonehenge
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HISTORY—How has history affected the culture of the British Isles?
By 1921, the British Empire ruled approximately one-quarter of the world's population.
It covered about a quarter of Earth's total land area.
Though it has now mostly evolved into the Commonwealth of Nations, British influence remains strong throughout the world: in economic practice, legal and governmental systems, sports (such as cricket and soccer), and the English language itself.
CULTURE – Explain why the cultures of Ireland and the United Kingdom are so similar.
Describe how the British economy has changed over the last 200 years.
Early European Industries: iron, steel, shipbuilding, textiles (clothing materials)
1900’s:Trade and industries declined; Government began owning businesses Way of Life: The British Way of Life: Industrialization and the Growth of the British Empire [03:03]
Today: Businesses are owned by private citizens; New industries=service, tourism, and technology
Ireland economy used to be based on farming
Moments in Time: Famine to Freedom: The Great Irish Journey : The Potato Blight Strikes Ireland
Now low taxes and good education help bring new jobs to country
ISSUES & CHALLENGES
Identify the issue that has caused tension in Northern Ireland.
English & Scottish people of the Protestant religion in Northern Ireland want to stay part of the United Kingdom
Irish people of the Catholic religion in Northern Ireland want to become part of the Republic of Ireland
=fighting in Northern Ireland, especially Belfast
Days That Shook the World: 1955–1986 : Bloody Sunday Deaths in Northern Ireland
1998 Agreement=shared government between Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and United Kingdom
The History of Channel Tunnel
-35 minute travel time
-cost is 200-300$ to drive
Section 2 France
Reasons for French colonization in North America:
Immigrants from North Africa and Indochina coming to France since early 1900’s (Algeria, Morocco) (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)
--Jobs for immigrants?
--Neighborhoods where they live?
--Territories (Tahiti, Guadeloupe, Reunion, French Guiana)
Some wanting independence (Corsica)
SECTION 3 (pg 315-317)
The Benelux Countries
(Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)
The two flags are quite identical. According to "holy texts," the Netherlands' flag has a 2:3 ratio while the classical ratio of Luxembourg's is 3:5. Moreover, the nuance of blue is defined as "cobalt blue" for both the flags, even if in Luxembourg's flag it is often lighter than in that of the Netherlands'.
Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg used to all be part of Netherlands. They were all fought over due to their location between France, Germany & the United Kingdom. After WWII, they established a political and economic union which eventually led to the creation of the European Union.
“Netherlands”=“low lands” because much of the country is below sea level leading to marshes and wetlands.
People there work to reclaim the land from the sea. They build polders. What are polders?
Dutch Concerns: floods, rising sea levels
Dutch spoken in Netherlands & in Northern Belgium (dialect: Flemish)
Belgians also speak French
Luxembourg has 3 official languages:German, French, Luxembourg(German & Dutch)
World Geography: Europe : Belgium and the Netherlands
Belgian Economy-industry, agriculture, & services for international business, diamond cutting, quality carpets, chocolate
Dutch Economy-agriculture, especially dairy and flowers, natural gas on coast
Hague Hotel on the North Sea
SECTION 4 (pg 318-321)
(Denmark, Norway, Sweden) (Finland & Iceland)
Among Scandinavian flags, all flags show the Scandinavian Cross (also called Nordic Cross or Crusader's Cross). The vertical bar of the Scandinavian Cross isn't centered on the flag, but is moved toward the flag's left side (hoist).
How are Scandinavian cultures the same and different?
Scandinavia: Its Water, Its History, and Its People : Scandinavia: It’s People
In what areas do most people in Scandinavia live?
Greenland-territory of Denmark; icy interior uninhabitable, people live on rocky coast
Iceland - People live on coastal plains due to ice covered lava rock interior; volcanic activity generates geysers
Sweden’s economy = capitalism + socialism