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England. Scotland. Unit 4 Chapter 14 . Section 1 The British Isles. Northern Ireland-Unionists. Wales. Ireland. Section 1 The British Isles. HISTORY— How has history affected the culture of the British Isles?  Early settlers left landmarks and monuments like Stonehenge

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unit 4 chapter 14



Unit 4Chapter 14

Section 1 The British Isles

Northern Ireland-Unionists



section 1 the british isles
Section 1The British Isles

HISTORY—How has history affected the culture of the British Isles? 

  • Early settlers left landmarks and monuments like Stonehenge
  • Celts-Romans-Angles/Saxons-Vikings-Normans (French)

Each group of people built towns and settlements-WHERE? on water!

  • Built strong navy because they were next to the ocean
1600-1700’s-founded colonies
  • 1800’s-colonies
  • oprovided raw materials
  • oserved as markets for finished goods from Britain
  • ospread English law, religion, language and customs

Columbian Exchange

british empire s colonies in 1900 s
British Empire’s Colonies in 1900’s

By 1921, the British Empire ruled approximately one-quarter of the world's population.

It covered about a quarter of Earth's total land area.

Though it has now mostly evolved into the Commonwealth of Nations, British influence remains strong throughout the world: in economic practice, legal and governmental systems, sports (such as cricket and soccer), and the English language itself.


Section 1The British Isles

CULTURE – Explain why the cultures of Ireland and the United Kingdom are so similar.

  • IrelandUnited Kingdom
  • Republic Constitutional Monarchy
  • Mostly Roman Catholic Mostly Protestant
  • Some Gaelic speakers Gaelic Words
  • BOTH
  • Democratic government
  • Largely Christian
  • Mostly English language
  • Similar social lives and sports
section 1 the british isles economy
Section 1 The British Isles ECONOMY

Describe how the British economy has changed over the last 200 years.


  • coal and iron mining (helped develop industry)
  • transportation using rivers and canals (helped develop industry)


  • first railroads built (helped develop industry)
  • subway system (helped develop industry)

Early European Industries: iron, steel, shipbuilding, textiles (clothing materials)


1900’s:Trade and industries declined; Government began owning businesses Way of Life: The British Way of Life: Industrialization and the Growth of the British Empire [03:03]

Today: Businesses are owned by private citizens; New industries=service, tourism, and technology


Ireland economy used to be based on farming

Moments in Time: Famine to Freedom: The Great Irish Journey : The Potato Blight Strikes Ireland

Now low taxes and good education help bring new jobs to country


Section 1The British Isles


Identify the issue that has caused tension in Northern Ireland.

English & Scottish people of the Protestant religion in Northern Ireland want to stay part of the United Kingdom


Irish people of the Catholic religion in Northern Ireland want to become part of the Republic of Ireland

=fighting in Northern Ireland, especially Belfast

Days That Shook the World: 1955–1986 : Bloody Sunday Deaths in Northern Ireland

1998 Agreement=shared government between Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and United Kingdom

the chunnel
The Chunnel

The History of Channel Tunnel

  • opened1994 (took ~ 8 yrs)
  • 3 tunnels inside: 1 for Eurostar, 1 for Eurotunnel and 1 for service shuttle that takes care of maintenance
  • Total length: 31 miles long, 150 feet below the sea bed

-35 minute travel time

-cost is 200-300$ to drive

british music invasion
British Music Invasion

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHuRusAlw-YRolling Stones



Eric Clapton

Elton John

Pink Floyd

Led Zepplin

unit 4 chapter 141

Unit 4Chapter 14

Section 2 France


Section 2France

  • — Describe French culture
  • Discovery Atlas: France Revealed: Short Stories : Enchanting Paris
  • Culture influenced by many migrants
  • Culture joined by language (French) and religion (Roman Catholic)
  • Some French see American things spreading to their country (movies, words, fast food) as a threat to their own French identity
  • Paris formed on an island in the middle of the Seine River more than 2,000 years ago
  • Paris is the center of French fashion, tourism, culture
french colonization
French Colonization
  • French colonies in: Americas, Asia, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean

Reasons for French colonization in North America:

  • conversion of the Indians to Christianity
  • fur trading
  • keeping the English at bay
  • Reasons for French colonization in Africa:
  • France felt depleted of natural resources needed for industrialization and had an interest in the raw materials found in Africa.
  • After Napoléon Bonaparte was finally defeated at Waterloo in 1815, the French saw colonization in Africa as a chance to gain back French dignity and prestige in the French competition against the English.

Section 2France

  • ECONOMY--Identify some of the main industries in France
  • Fashion
  • Farming
  • Tourism

Section 2France

  • Consider the challenges that France faces today.
  • Government’s influence on the economy
  • --High Taxes
  • --Lots of rules
  • --Many industries are owned by government
  • --Immigration from N. Africa

Immigrants from North Africa and Indochina coming to France since early 1900’s (Algeria, Morocco) (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)

--Jobs for immigrants?

--Neighborhoods where they live?


Relationships with former colonies

--Territories (Tahiti, Guadeloupe, Reunion, French Guiana)

Some wanting independence (Corsica)

unit 4 chapter 142





SECTION 3 (pg 315-317)

The Benelux Countries

(Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)

The two flags are quite identical. According to "holy texts," the Netherlands' flag has a 2:3 ratio while the classical ratio of Luxembourg's is 3:5. Moreover, the nuance of blue is defined as "cobalt blue" for both the flags, even if in Luxembourg's flag it is often lighter than in that of the Netherlands'.

the benelux countries history culture what historical ties do the benelux countries share
The Benelux CountriesHISTORY & CULTUREWhat historical ties do the Benelux countries share?
  • History

Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg used to all be part of Netherlands. They were all fought over due to their location between France, Germany & the United Kingdom. After WWII, they established a political and economic union which eventually led to the creation of the European Union.

  • Land Reclamation

“Netherlands”=“low lands” because much of the country is below sea level leading to marshes and wetlands.

People there work to reclaim the land from the sea. They build polders. What are polders?

Dutch Concerns: floods, rising sea levels

  • Language

Dutch spoken in Netherlands & in Northern Belgium (dialect: Flemish)

Belgians also speak French

Luxembourg has 3 official languages:German, French, Luxembourg(German & Dutch)

The Benelux CountriesURBAN & ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTSWhat are the cities and economies of the Benelux countries like?

World Geography: Europe : Belgium and the Netherlands

Belgian Cities

  • Brussels-headquarters for EU & NATO; considered cosmopolitan-influenced by many

Belgian Economy-industry, agriculture, & services for international business, diamond cutting, quality carpets, chocolate

Dutch Economy-agriculture, especially dairy and flowers, natural gas on coast

Dutch Cities

  • Amsterdam & Rotterdam & The Hague


  • Forested and hilly, constitutional monarchy, from steel producing to international banking


Hague Hotel on the North Sea

unit 4 chapter 143







SECTION 4 (pg 318-321)


(Denmark, Norway, Sweden) (Finland & Iceland)

Among Scandinavian flags, all flags show the Scandinavian Cross (also called Nordic Cross or Crusader's Cross). The vertical bar of the Scandinavian Cross isn't centered on the flag, but is moved toward the flag's left side (hoist).

scandinavia history culture

How are Scandinavian cultures the same and different?

Scandinavia: Its Water, Its History, and Its People : Scandinavia: It’s People

  • PAST = Vikings, NOW = high standards of living
  • Most are Protestant Lutheran religion
  • Many languages are similar (except for Flemish) Danish Swedish and Norwegian understand each other
  • Democratic governments

In what areas do most people in Scandinavia live?

  • Most live in southern parts of their countries
  • Most people live in urban cities (85% in Sweden)

Greenland-territory of Denmark; icy interior uninhabitable, people live on rocky coast

Iceland - People live on coastal plains due to ice covered lava rock interior; volcanic activity generates geysers

scandinavia economy what does the economy of this region rely on
Scandinavia ECONOMYWhat does the economy of this region rely on?
  • Denmark - high tech industries = $$$
  • Finland - PAST=export natural resources, NOW=manufactures high tech goods, also dairy and meat packing
  • Sweden - paper & wood (due to forests)
  • Iceland – fishing
  • Norway –fishing, offshore oil & gas (export surplus of electricity)

Sweden’s economy = capitalism + socialism

  • High taxes pay for social welfare, environmental protection, sports & the arts
  • Benefits-national health insurance, help parents raise kids