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Module 1 Introduction to SP

Module 1 Introduction to SP

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Module 1 Introduction to SP

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  1. Module 1Introduction to SP

  2. What’s in Module 1 • Who are the stakeholders? • Levels of engagement • Participation as human and legal rights • Benefits of participation • The process

  3. Who are the stakeholders?

  4. Just what does it mean to be included?

  5. Who has had experience of participating? Who has conducted something like a SP campaign? What were your experiences? Did any aspect frustrate you? ?

  6. Who are stakeholders? Are they different from the general public? ?

  7. One possible answer… “a stakeholder is anybody with an interest or stake in a certain decision or action” Let’s try to formulate our own definition

  8. Levels of engagement

  9. What does participating mean? Are there different kinds of stakeholder participation? ?

  10. Some ideas… • voting • petitioning • demonstrating • surveys • workshops • interviews • posters • ??? Again, time to write down a few ideas…

  11. The engagement spectrum One-way information flow Information exchange INCREASING LEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT Source: DEAT

  12. “Public participation is not a single process, but rather a continuum along which there are a variety of possible levels of engagement and interaction … among stakeholders and decision makers.”

  13. Further ideas… • It is not necessarily about reaching consensus… • SP may not need to reach everyone, or necessarily engage people in all stages of process • Regardless of degree of participation, merely involving people is not a guarantee of success, we need to consider: • Interests • Bias (e.g. gender, language, access) • Relative voice • Facilitation/environment (e.g. “leading the witness”) • Enable vs. control (involvement on whose terms?) • Decentralised vs. Centralised process What has been your experience thus far?...

  14. Participation as human and legal rights

  15. Whose responsibility is it to conduct SP? Government? NGO? Project? Why/when should a project/proponent do SP? ?

  16. Rio Declaration’s Principle 10 • each individual shall have appropriate access to informationconcerning the environment that is held by public authorities, including information on hazardous material and activities in their communities, • and the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes, states shall facilitate and encourage public awareness and participation by making information widely available. • Effective access to judicial and administrative proceedings, including redress and remedy, shall be provided. 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

  17. It could be a legal requirement… • Are there legal requirements in your country? • E.g. during the EIA process? • What about the constitution? A good time to list a few other reasons/ benefits…

  18. South Africa’s constitution Section 151(1) (e) - obliges municipalities to encourage the involvement of communities and community organisations in local government Section 152 - the Objects of local government (are) to encourage the involvement of communities and community organisations in the matters of local government Section 195 (e) - in terms of the Basic values and principles governing public administration – people’s needs must be responded to, and the public must be encouraged to participate in policy-making”

  19. Benefits of participation

  20. But why should stakeholders participate - what do they get from it? ?

  21. Some benefits... • Empowerment • Capacity building • Broader knowledge base • Enhanced cooperation and sustainability • Enhanced accountability in decision-making • Conflict avoidance • Trust building between stakeholders • Increased awareness • Increased visibility and appreciation of projects/ initiatives • Common ground for developing solutions

  22. The process

  23. Process overview ? How would you go about this? Let’s try to define a process outline…

  24. In 4 simple steps... • Define what you want to achieve, what are the objectives? • Who are the stakeholders and what is their interest/ potential role in the process? • Plan communication/ participationactivities (there may be several rounds) • Don’t assume it’s a success, measure and adjust approach