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Graded access to sensitive materials at the Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America. Heidi Johnson The University of Texas at Austin. AILLA is a joint project of:. Anthropology: Joel Sherzer Linguistics: Anthony C. Woodbury Digital Library Services: Mark McFarland.

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graded access to sensitive materials at the archive of the indigenous languages of latin america

Graded access to sensitive materials at the Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America

Heidi Johnson

The University of Texas at Austin

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

ailla is a joint project of
AILLA is a joint project of:
  • Anthropology: Joel Sherzer
  • Linguistics: Anthony C. Woodbury
  • Digital Library Services: Mark McFarland

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Project launched in 2000 with funds from UT Austin College of Liberal Arts.
  • Currently funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Science Foundation.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

www ailla utexas org
www.ailla.utexas.org
  • Parallel interfaces in English and Spanish.
  • Recordings of discourse in a variety of genres, many with translations and annotations.
  • Resources in more than 25 languages from 8 countries.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

ailla s mission
AILLA's Mission
  • Preservation: irreplaceable recordings in endangered languages made on fragile analog media are digitized and permanently housed in our database.
  • Access: valuable resources can be made available to everyone, especially indigenous people, over the Internet.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

what we preserve
What we preserve
  • Multi-media resources:
    • Audio/video recordings
    • Texts, digital and manuscript
    • Photos, drawings, etc.
  • Types of resources
    • Recordings of discourse in any genre
    • Transcriptions, translations, annotations, etc.
    • Literature, oral or written
    • Analyses, lexicons, notes, sketches, etc.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

accessibility
Accessibility
  • Internet cafes springing up throughout Latin America.
  • Internet is more accessible than libraries or universities.
  • AILLA will soon be able to ship CDs/DVDs with selected resources.
  • Long range goal: a network of related archives throughout the region.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

access is important
Access is important
  • Indigenous communities need these resources for language maintenance and revitalization programs.
  • Speakers can use analyses of all kinds in documenting their own languages.
  • Researchers can share data in collaborative projects, e.g. comparative study of Quechuan languages.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

access is risky
Access is risky
  • Some materials are restricted for religious or cultural reasons.
  • Some materials may be politically sensitive.
  • Many indigenous people are offended by "creative" uses of their cultural heritage.
  • Many scholars are offended by off-beat applications of their research.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

the solution a graded access system
The solution: a graded access system
  • Provides speakers and depositors finely-grained control over resources.
  • Four levels:
    • 1: free public access
    • 2: automatic controls: password, time limit, conditions
    • 3: depositor control: users ask depositor for permission
    • 4: indigenous control: AILLA contacts indigenous person or group on user's behalf

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

graded access cont
Graded access, cont.
  • Access levels assigned to individual files.
  • Depositors can change settings at any time.
  • Depositor/indigenous control allows owner to know who is using their resources.
  • Passwords allow fine or coarse control.
  • Time limits: e.g., speaker's lifetime, 3 years for students' fieldwork.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

potential problems
Potential problems
  • Establishing trust: our community is widely dispersed.
  • Level 3 requires us to keep track of depositors forever.
  • Level 4 opens the door to intra-community disputes, or disputes between speakers and academics.

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

other metadata
Other metadata
  • Resource = a bundle of files, e.g. recording + annotations, multiple formats
  • Information about:
    • The depositor: contact info
    • Project, sponsor, etc.
    • Participants: role, demographic data, contact
    • Resources: provenance, format, size, etc.
    • Content: languages, genre, etc.
    • References: publications, other resources

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003

the global language archives community
The global language archives community:
  • Digital Endangered Languages and Musics Archive Network (DELAMAN): http://www.delaman.org
  • International Standards for Language Engineering Metadata Initiative (IMDI): http://www.mpi.nl/ISLE
  • Open Language Archive Community (OLAC): http://www.language_archives.org
  • Electronic Metastructures for Endangered Language Data (EMELD): http://emeld.org

Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, Houston, May 2003