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9 composition. Vocabulary . 9/10. Nouns: Person: woman Place: school Thing: ball Idea: enthusiasm Common/Proper: Woman::Suzanne School:: American Preparatory Academy Ball::National Football League Regulation Size Football. 9/10. Pronouns—words that take the place of nouns.

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9 composition

9 composition

Vocabulary

slide2
9/10
  • Nouns:
  • Person: woman
  • Place: school
  • Thing: ball
  • Idea: enthusiasm
  • Common/Proper:
  • Woman::Suzanne
  • School:: American Preparatory Academy
  • Ball::National Football League Regulation Size Football
slide3
9/10
  • Pronouns—words that take the place of nouns.
  • [List of commonly used pronouns on pages 9-11]
  • Woman:: her
  • Ball:: it
  • School:: there
slide4
9/10
  • Synonyms for the word “say”
  • Accuse
  • Advance
  • Allege
  • Argue
  • Assert
  • Challenge
  • Comment
  • Conclude
  • Contend
  • declare
slide5
9/11
  • Write 8-10 different words to describe this picture:
slide6
9/11
  • Write 8-10 different words to describe this picture:
slide7
9/11
  • Write 8-10 words to describe this picture:
slide8
9/10
  • Topic:
  • Write a paragraph about school uniforms. Use at least 2 of the synonyms for the word “say” in your paragraph. Use the outline provided.
slide9
9/11
  • Adjectives:
  • Modify a noun, which means to describe the word or to make its meaning more definite.
  • An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun by answers one of these questions:
  • -What kind?
  • -Which one?
  • -How many?
  • Ex:
  • Gray sky
  • That girl
  • Five fingers
slide10
9/11
  • Possessive Pronoun Adjectives:
  • My sister
  • Your book
  • Our team.
  • Their tents.
  • Proper Adjectives: Nouns that are used as adjectives
  • Texas chili
  • Jackson concert
  • Sioux warrior
slide11
9/11
  • Articles:
  • A, an , the
  • A=used before a word with a consonant sound.
  • An=used before a word with a vowel sound.
  • A girl won.
  • This is an honor.
  • Identify the adjective(s) in the following sentences:
  • -The old, wet dog limped into the house after his long night in the storm.
  • -The child, usually happy and playful, was not feeling well after her first day of Elementary School.
synonyms
Synonyms
  • Deem
  • Defend
  • Demonstrate
  • Denounce
  • Deny
  • Elucidate
  • Examine
  • Explicate
  • Expound
  • Hypothesize
  • Imply
slide13
9/13
  • Turn these words into sentences:
  • Cat
  • Pebbles
  • George Orwell
  • Students
slide14
9/13
  • A noun or pronoun must ACT in some way, or something must be said about it for it to be a part of a sentence.
  • Verb: A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement.
  • Action Verbs:
  • Do believe
  • Come know
  • Go understand
  • Write think
slide15

Action Verbs:

  • Transitive: A verb is transitive when the action it expresses is directed toward a person or thing named in the sentence:
  • Neil rang the bell. [The action of the word rang is directed toward the bell. The verb is transitive.]
  • Tina mailed the package. [The action of mailed is toward the word package. The verb is transitive.]
  • Words that receive the action of the verb are called objects
  • What are the objects in the above sentences?
slide16

Action Verbs:

  • Intransitive: A verb is intransitive when it expresses action (or helps make a statement) without reference to an object.
  • Last Saturday we stayed inside. [action not directed toward a noun]
  • The children laughed. [action not directed toward a noun]
  • The band marched past the crowd. [action not directed toward a noun]
  • Label each sentence, T=transitive; I=intransitive
  • Marcie studied her notes.
  • Marcie studied very late.
  • The poet wrote a sonnet.
  • The poet wrote carefully.
slide17
9/13
  • Linking Verbs:
  • Words that help link two words or make a statement.
  • **The most commonly used linking verbs are forms of the verb be. Reference the list on pages 19-20 for further reading.**
  • Examples:
  • The answer is three. [answer=three]
  • Rhonda will be the captain. [Rhonda=captain]
  • The casserole tasted strange. [strange casserole]
  • The worker looked tired. [tired worker]
slide18
9/13
  • SYNONYMS:
  • Insist
  • , justify
  • knock
  • posit,
  • postulate
  • presume,
  • Pretend
  • profess,
  • pronounce
adverbs
adverbs
  • An adverb is a word that is used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
  • Adverbs answer these questions:
  • -Where?
  • When?
  • How?
  • To what extent? (How long or how much?)
  • Ie:
  • We lived there. I am completely happy.
  • May we go tomorrow?
  • She quickly agreed.
adverbs1
adverbs
  • Adverbs may precede or may follow the verbs they modify, and sometimes they may interrupt parts of the verb phrase. Adverbs may also introduce questions.
  • Ie:
  • Where in the world did you ever find that pink and purple necktie?
  • [the adverb where modifies the verb phrase did find. Notice, too, the adverb ever, which interrupts the verb phrase and also modifies it.]
  • Adverbs modifying adjective:
  • Beth did an exceptionally fine job.
  • What word is exceptionally modifying?
  • **Note: adverbs that modify adjectives usually end in –ly**
topic sentences 9 14
Topic Sentences 9/14
  • A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph.
  • Write a topic sentence to unite these details:
  • I love to experiment with new flavors and new recipes.
  • I like the challenge of using what I have in the fridge, without going to the store.
  • Cooking is a great way to relieve stress and clear the mind.
  • Sometimes the best thing after a long day is a well cooked meal.
topic sentences 9 141
Topic sentences 9/14
  • Write 1-2 sentences about this picture.
topic sentences
Topic sentences
  • Write 1-2 sentences about this picture:
topic sentences 9 142
Topic sentences 9/14
  • Finally, write 1-2 sentences about this picture:
topic sentences 9 143
Topic sentences 9/14
  • Now, read your last 3-6 sentences. Write a sentence that unifies these sentences.
slide26
9/17
  • Preposition:
  • A word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
  • There is a list of commonly used prepositions found on page 32-33.
  • To the mall
  • In the box
  • On the house
  • With the family.
slide27
9/17
  • Conjunction:
  • Joins words or groups of words.
  • Coordinating conjunctions: correlative conjunctions:
  • And both….and
  • But not only…but also
  • Or either…or
  • **Coordinating conjunctions always connect words of groups of words of the same kind.
  • **correlative conjunctions connect items of the same kind, however, they are always used in pairs.
slide28
9/17
  • Interjections:
  • An exclamatory word that expresses emotion. It has not grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence.
  • Hey!
  • Wow!
  • Whew!
  • Ugh!
  • Well,
slide29
9/17
  • Thesis sentence rule:
  • W W V V t T
  • Who, where, vivid verb, that, theme.
  • Who=author
  • Where=work
  • Vivid verb=any of those awesome synonyms for “say”
  • That=that
  • Theme=state the theme to finish off a strong thesis statement.
slide30
9/19
  • Judge for yourself: Thumbs up=good thesis; thumbs down=bad thesis.
  • “The book, The Great Hornspoon, is both similar to and different that the movie.”
  • “President Kennedy meant many things when he said, ‘Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.’”
  • “Many People think uniforms should be mandatory.”
slide31
9/20
  • Map Sentence:
  • The sentence before the thesis, explains what reasons support your thesis.
  • Intro Paragraph:
  • Hook
  • Map
  • Thesis
slide32
9/20
  • Create a MAP sentence for each of these thesis statements:
  • An Island getaway is the perfect way to unwind after a busy school year.
  • Students should consider the brain-worthy benefits of leisure reading.
  • It is scientifically proven that sleep is beneficial for the growth of the brain.
  • William Shakespeare’s play, “Romeo and Juliet,” explicates the forcefulness of love.
slide33
9/20
  • An Island getaway is the perfect way to unwind after a busy school year.
  • List three reasons why this is true:
  • The sounds of waves allows for meditation.
  • Laying on the beach is rejuvenating for the body/
  • Change of scenery invigorates the senses.
  • Now, turn these reasons into a sentence/attach it to the thesis:--use transitional phrases/words to aid in this exercise.
  • An island getaway is the perfect way to unwind after a busy school year in thatthe sound of the waves allows for meditation, laying on the beach is rejuvenating for the body, and a change of scenery invigorates the senses.
slide34
9/20
  • Students should consider the brain-worthy benefits of leisure reading.
  • Three Reasons:
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • Thesis & Map together:
9 24 hooks
9/24--Hooks
  • Hook-
  • An introductory sentence that pulls the reader into the work.
9 28 think pair share review
9/28 Think-Pair-Share-Review
  • Peer editing is a way to see what your classmates are doing, help them, and help yourself. It is also a positive way to interact with your fellow classmates.
  • 1.) Write an introductory paragraph using either formula (TSAR, WWVVTT) on the topic of self respect, make sure it has a Hook, Map, and Thesis statement.
  • 2.) Exchange papers with your partner.
  • 3.) Using a red pen, revise any misspelled words, grammatical/punctuation errors.
  • 4.) Ask one question of the writer
  • 5.) Suggest 1-3 ways to improve the writing.
  • 6.) Write three reasons why you liked the writing—find three aspects you enjoyed (MUST)
  • 7.) Discuss your views, taking turns: (3 minutes/person)
  • Positive
  • Revision
  • Positive