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The Planets. What is a planet?. A planet is a celestial body that orbits around the sun What does celestial mean? Celestial simply means space What does orbit mean? Orbit means to travel So what does that mean?

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what is a planet
What is a planet?
  • A planet is a celestial body that orbits around the sun
  • What does celestial mean?
    • Celestial simply means space
  • What does orbit mean?
    • Orbit means to travel
  • So what does that mean?
    • A planet is a large mass that is floating in space by gravity and moves in a circle around the sun
what are the planets
What are the planets?
  • There are eight planets in our Solar System:
    • Mercury
    • Venus
    • Earth
    • Mars
    • Jupiter
    • Saturn
    • Uranus
    • Neptune
mercury
Mercury
  • Mercury is the closest planet to the sun (36 million miles from the sun)
  • Eighth largest planet
  • There are craters on the surface of Mercury
  • Orbits around the sun in only 88 days
  • Mercury rotates very slowly, one day in Mercury is 58 Earth Days
  • Has no moons
venus
Venus
  • Second Planet from the sun

(67,237,910 miles from the sun)

  • Hottest and brightest of all planets
    • Sometimes call morning star
  • Same size as earth
  • Has craters and volcanoes on the surface
  • Takes about 225 days to orbit around the sun
  • Spins backwards
  • No moons or rings
earth
Earth
  • Third planet from the Sun
  • Fifth largest planet
  • Takes about 365 days (1 year) to orbit around the Sun
  • The surface of Earth is 70% water and plate tectonics
  • Earth has one Moon (click her for information about the Moon)
slide7
Mars
  • Fourth Planet from the Sun
  • Called the Red Planet because of it’s red color
  • A day on Mars is a little over 24 hours (only a little longer than a day on Earth)
  • A year on Mars is 687 days (almost double an Earth year)
  • Mars has two moons Phobos and Diemos
  • There are craters, volcanoes, and dust storms on Mars
jupiter
Jupiter
  • Fifth planet from the Sun
  • Largest planet in the Solar System
  • Takes 12 Earth years to orbit the Sun
  • 483,780,000 miles from the Sun
  • Jupiter has 60 Moons
  • Jupiter has rings
  • Jupiter is made up of mostly gas unlike the other planets
saturn
Saturn
  • Sixth Planet from the Sun
  • Second largest planet
  • 941,070,000 miles from the Sun
  • Takes 29 Earth years to orbit the sun
  • Has 31 moons
  • Saturn has rings which are made up of thousands of ice particles the size of a small car
uranus
Uranus
  • Seventh planet from the sun
  • Icy planet (blue in color)
  • Faint rings
  • Rotates on its side (one pole is facing the Sun so seasons on Uranus last 20 years)
  • takes about 84 Earth years to orbit the Sun
  • Has 16 moons
  • 178,486,000 miles from the Sun
neptune
Neptune
  • Eighth planet in the solar system
  • Blue in color with faint rings
  • Made up of gas
  • Has 13 moons
  • Takes about 164 Earth years to orbit the Sun
  • 2,793,100,000 miles from the Sun
  • The largest moon Triton orbits backwards around Neptune
time to take a quiz
Time to take a Quiz!

Click on the answer that you think is correct. Don’t worry if you get it wrong you can always try again! Good Luck!

which planet is fourth from the sun
Which planet is fourth from the sun?
  • 1. Jupiter
  • 2. Venus
  • 3. Mars
  • 4. Earth
which planet has 13 moons
Which planet has 13 moons?
  • 1. Neptune
  • 2. Uranus
  • 3. Jupiter
  • 4. Earth
which planet is closest to the sun
Which planet is closest to the sun?
  • 1.Venus
  • 2. Mars
  • 3. Saturn
  • 4. Mercury
which planet takes 12 earth years to orbit the sun
Which planet takes 12 Earth Years to orbit the Sun?
  • 1. Venus
  • 2. Mercury
  • 3. Jupiter
  • 4. Mars
which is the second largest planet
Which is the second largest Planet?
  • 1. Venus
  • 2. Saturn
  • 3. Mars
  • 4. Uranus
which planet rotates on its side
Which Planet rotates on its side?
  • 1. Jupiter
  • 2. Saturn
  • 3. Uranus
  • 4. Mercury
which planet is the hottest of all planets
Which planet is the hottest of all Planets?
  • 1. Mercury
  • 2. Neptune
  • 3. Uranus
  • 4. Venus
which planet is the largest planet in our solar system
Which planet is the largest planet in our Solar System?
  • 1. Saturn
  • 2. Earth
  • 3. Neptune
  • 4. Jupiter
which planet is third from the sun
Which planet is third from the sun?
  • 1. Neptune
  • 2. Earth
  • 3. Uranus
  • 4. Mars
this is the only object in space humans have visited
This is the only object in Space Humans have visited
  • 1. Mars
  • 2. Earth’s Moon
  • 3. Venus
  • 4. Mercury