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THE MEDIEVAL INTELLECTUAL REVIVAL 1000-1300 How did the recovery of classical learning affect medieval intellectual life PowerPoint Presentation
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THE MEDIEVAL INTELLECTUAL REVIVAL 1000-1300 How did the recovery of classical learning affect medieval intellectual life?. Obj: What factors allowed Europeans to dedicate themselves to basic education?. BACKGROUND & GROWTH OF SCHOOLS.

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THE MEDIEVAL INTELLECTUAL REVIVAL 1000-1300How did the recovery of classical learning affect medieval intellectual life?

Obj: What factors allowed Europeans to dedicate themselves to basic education?

background growth of schools
BACKGROUND & GROWTH OF SCHOOLS
  • 4 MAJOR INTELLECTUAL ACCOMP-LISHMENTS: EXPANSION OF PRIMARY ED, SPREAD OF UNIV., ACQUISITION OF CLASSICAL & MUSLIM KNOW-LEDGE, DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PHILOSOPHICAL & THEOLOGICAL IDEAS
  • TOGETHER THESE 4 MARK BEGINNING OF EXTRAORDINARY ERA IN INTEL-LECTUAL HISTORY OF EUROPE
  • PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF CAROLINGIAN ERA – MONASTERY SCHOOLS
  • CATHEDRAL SCHOOLS EDUCATED ALL
  • CURRICULUM EXPANDED FROM PURELY RELIGIOUS TO SECULAR
  • NEED FOR EDUCATED CLERICS, BUREAUCRATS, LAWYERS ETC.
  • GROWTH OF LITERACY, VERNACULAR
the rise of the universities
THE RISE OF THE UNIVERSITIES
  • UNIVERSITY WAS EDUCATION GUILD
  • SPECIFIC DRESS TO IDENTIFY TEACH-ERS & STUDENTS
  • RISE OF MODERN STATE & ECONOMIC GROWTH LED TO INTEREST IN LAW
  • UNIVERSITY OF BOLOGNA – JUSTIN-IAN CODE – W/ DISAGREEMENTS ON THE RISE NEED MEDIATION
  • REVIVAL COINCIDED W/ LAY INVEST.
  • LATE 11TH C. MANUSCRIPT OF CODE DISCOVERED IN PISA (CRUSADES?)
  • SALERNO – MEDICINE, TRANSLA-TIONS OF ARABIC MEDICAL TEXTS INTO LATIN
  • UNIVERSITY OF PARIS – CENTER OF N. EUROPEAN INTELLECTUAL LIFE DUE TO PETER ABELARD
peter abelard 1079 1142 university of paris
PETER ABELARD (1079-1142) & UNIVERSITY OF PARIS

*ADEPT AT LOGIC, LOVED TO HUMILIATE & CREATED ENEMIES AS A RESULT

*MARRIAGE TO HELOISE

*LIFE AS MONK

*TEACHER IN PARIS 1132-1141

*URGED INTENSE SELF-EXAMIN-ATION & ANALYSIS OF HUMAN MOTIVES KNOW THYSELF

*AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT THE STORY OF MY CALAMATIES

*GREATEST CONTRIBUTIONS TO DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOLASTIC-ISM SIC ET NON – TREAT THEOLOGY LIKE SCIENCE

*1 OF 1ST TO TRY TO HARMONIZE RELIGION W/ RATIONALISM

the triumph of scholasticism
THE TRIUMPH OF SCHOLASTICISM
  • 3 EVENTS FOR SCHOLASTIC MATURITY: 1) ABELARD
  • 2) BOOK OF SENTENCES BY PETER LOMBARD; QUESTIONS IN CONSEQUENTIAL ORDER, ANSWERS FROM BIBLE & CHRISTIAN AUTHOR-ITIES & PROPOSED JUDGEMENTS
  • 3) REACQUISITION OF CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHY AFTER 1140 – NOW COULD ACCESS ARISTOTLE
  • PETER LOMBARDS ORGANIZATIONAL METHOD, CONSIDERE GREEK & ARABIC PHILOSOPHICAL AUTHORITIES AS WELL AS CHRISTIAN ONES IN ORDER TO CONSTRUCT SYSTEMS OF UNDERSTANDING THAT HARMONIZED FAITH & REASON
st thomas aquinas 1225 1274 teaching theology
ST. THOMAS AQUINAS 1225-1274 & TEACHING THEOLOGY
  • SUMMA THEOLOGICA – COLLECTION OF THEOLOGICAL QUESTIONS
  • MAINTAINED IMPORTANT DISTINC-TION BETWEEN FAITH & REASON
  • FAITH COULD BE DEFENDED BY REASON
  • CREATED NEW AREA IN PHILOSOPHY
  • EPISTEMOLOGY – HOW A PERSON KNOWS SOMETHING & FOR ST. THOMAS AQUINAS THERE WERE 2 WAYS:
  • 1) SENSES & 2) MIND