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Section 3 The Arteries

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  1. Section 3The Arteries Blood Volume (血容量) 1. Heart: 7% 2. Systematic Circulation (体循环): 84% 1) Arteries: 15% 2) Capillaries: 5% 3) Veins: 64% 3. Pulmonary Circulation (肺循环): 9% Blood Vessels (血管):97000 km Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  2. Arteries of thePulmonary Circulation  Pulmonary trunk (肺动脉干) 1) left pulmonary a. (左肺动脉) arterial ligament (动脉韧带) 2) right pulmonary a. (右肺动脉) [patent arterial duct 动脉导管未闭]  Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  3. Arteries of the Systematic Circulation 1.  Aortic sinus (主动脉窦) 2.  Ascending aorta (升主动脉) 3.  Aortic arch (主动脉弓) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  4. Arteries of the Systematic Circulation 1) brachiocephalic trunk (头臂干) 2) left common carotid a. (左颈总动脉) 3) left subclavian a. (左锁骨下动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  5. Arteries of the Head and Neck A.  Common carotid a. (颈总动脉) 1)  external carotid a.(颈外动脉) a. superior thyroid a. (甲状腺上动脉) b. lingual a.(舌动脉) c. facial a.(面动脉)angular a.(内眦动脉) i. inferior labial a.(下唇动脉) ii. superior labial a.(上唇动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  6. Arteries of the Head and Neck d. superficial temporal a.(颞浅动脉) e. maxillary a.(上颌动脉) i. middle meningeal a. (脑膜中动脉) ii. inferior alveolar a. (下牙槽动脉) iii. infraorbital a. (眶下动脉) f. occipital a.(枕动脉) g. posterior auricular a. (耳后动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  7. Summary of Arteries of the Head • common carotid a.internal carotid a.brain • common carotid a.external carotid a. • 1. superior thyroid a. thyroid gland • 2. lingual a. tongue • 3. facial a.  angular a.  face •  superior labial a.  upper lip •  inferior labial a.  lower lip • 4.maxillary a.  infraorbital a.middle face • & upper teeth •  middle meningeal a. dura mater • inferior alveolar a.lower teeth • mental a.lower face • 5.superficial temporal a.temporal region • 6. posterior auricular a. posterior auricular region • 7. occipital a. posterior scalp • 8. ascending pharyngeal a. pharynx Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  8. Arteries of the Head and Neck 2)  internal carotid a.(颈内动脉) a. carotid sinus(颈动脉窦): pressure receptor (压力感受器)(blood pressure b. carotid glomus (颈动脉小球):chemical receptor (化学感受器) partial pressure of CO2 (CO2分压) [(O2分压) partial pressure of O2 hydrogen ion concentration, pH (氢离子浓度) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  9. Arteries of the Head and Neck B.  Subclavian a. (锁骨下动脉) 1. Vertebral a. (椎动脉) 2. Internal thoracic a. (胸廓内动脉)  1) superior epigastric a. (腹壁上动脉) 2)musculophrenic a. (肌膈动脉) 3)anterior intercostal aa. (肋间前动脉) 4)pericardiacophrenic a. (心包膈动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  10. Arteries of the Head and Neck 3. Thyrocervical trunk (甲状颈干) 1) inferior thyroid a. (甲状腺下动脉) 2) transverse cervical a. (颈横动脉) 3) suprascapular a. (肩胛上动脉) 4. Costocervical trunk (肋颈干) 5. Dorsal scapular a. (肩胛背动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  11. Arteries of the Head and Neck Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  12. The Distribution of the Subclavian Artery subclavian a.  1. thyrocervical trunk  inferior thyroid a. thyroid gland  transverse cervical a. muscles of the back  suprascapular a. muscles behind of the scapula 2.vertebral a.  brain 3.internal thoracic a. superior epigastric a. upper abdominal wall  musculophrenic a. pericardium & diaphragm  anterior intercostal aa.  intercostal space  cardiacophrenic a.  pericardium 4.costocervical trunk upper two costal space and adjacent muscles 5.dorsal scapular a. mm. of the back Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  13. Arteries of the Upper Limb A.Axillary a. (腋动脉) 1. Superior thoracic a. (胸上动脉)pectoral muscles 2. Lateral thoracic a. (胸外侧动脉) serratus anterior and pectoral muscles 3. Thoracoacromial a. (胸肩峰动脉)  Pectoral branch  acromial branch Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  14. Arteries of the Upper Limb 4. Subscapular a. (肩胛下动脉) 1) thoracodorsal a. (胸背 动脉) latissimus dorsi 2) circumflex scapular a. (旋肩胛动脉) infraspinatus 5. Posterior humeral circumflex a. (旋肱后 动脉) deltoid muscle 6. Anterior humeral circumflex a. (旋 肱前动脉) deltoid muscle Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  15. Arteries of the Upper Limb B.  Brachial a. (肱动脉) 1. Deep brachial a. (肱深动脉) triceps brachii& humerus 2. Superior ulnar collateral a. (尺侧上副动脉)elbow joint 3. Inferior ulnar collateral a. (尺侧下副动脉)elbow joint [first aid by pressing 急救压迫] [BP determination 血压测定] Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  16. Arteries of the Upper Limb Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  17. Arteries of the Upper Limb C.  Radial a. (桡动脉) 1. Radial recurrent a. (桡返动脉) 2. Superficial palmar branch (掌浅支) superficial palmar arch (掌浅弓) 3. Principal a. of thumb (拇主要动脉) [pulse 脉搏] Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  18. Arteries of the Upper Limb D.  Ulnar a. (尺动脉) 1. Ulnar recurrent a. (尺返动脉) 2. Common interosseous a. (骨间总动脉) 1) anterior interosseous a.(骨间前动脉) 2) posterior inter- osseous a. (骨间后动脉) 3. Deep palmar branch (掌深支) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  19. Arteries of the Upper Limb E. Superficial Palmar Arch (掌浅弓) Common palmar digital aa. (指掌侧总动脉)  proper palmar digital aa. (指掌侧固有动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  20. Arteries of the Upper Limb F. Deep Palmar Arch (掌深弓) palmar metacarpal aa. (掌心动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  21. Summary of Arteries of the Upper Limb subclavian a.  axillary a. 1. superior thoracic a. pectoral muscles 2. lateral thoracic a. serratus anterior and pectoral muscles 3.thoracoacromial a. muscles of thorax and scapular region 4.subscapular a.  thoracodorsal a. latissimus dorsi  circumflex scapular artery infraspinatus &subscapularis 5. post. humeral circumflex a. deltoid muscle 6.ant. humeral circumflex a. deltoid muscle Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  22. Summary of Arteries of the Upper Limb axillary a.brachial a.  1. deep brachial a.  triceps brachii 2. superior ulnar collateral a.  elbow joint 3. inferior ulnar collateral a.  elbow joint 4. muscular branches anterior muscles of arm brachial a. radial a. 1. radial recurrent a. elbow joint 2.muscular branches anterior lateral muscles of forearm 3. principal artery of thumb thumb 4. superficial palmar branch superficial palmar arch fingers 5. deep palmar arch  palmar metacarpal arteries  common palmar digital arteries fingers Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  23. Summary of Arteries of the Upper Limb brachial a. ulnar a. 1. common interosseous a.  posterior interosseous a. posterior muscles of forearm  anterior interosseous a. anterior deep muscles of forearm 2. muscular branches anterior medial muscles of forearm 3. ulnar recurrent a. elbow joint 4.deep palmar branch deep palmar arch fingers 5. superficial palmar arch common palmar digital arteries  proper palmar digital arteries fingers Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  24. Arteries of the Thorax A. Aortic Isthmus (主动脉峡) B.Thoracic Aorta (胸主动脉) 1. Parietal branches (壁支) 1) posterior intercostal aa. (肋间后动脉) 2) subcostal a. (肋下动脉) 3) superior phrenic a. (膈上动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  25. Arteries of the Thorax Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  26. Arteries of the Thorax Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  27. Arteries of the Thorax 2. Visceral branches (脏支) 1) bronchial a. (支气管动脉) 2) esophageal aa. (食管动脉) 3) pericardial a. (心包动脉) Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University

  28. Summary of Arteries of the Thorax aortic arch thoracic aorta  Parietal branches 1. posterior intercostal aa. lower nine intercostal spaces 2. subcostal a. muscle of lower posterior thoracic wall 3. superior phrenic a. diaphragm Visceral branches 1. bronchial aa. bronchial tubes 2. esophageal aa. esophagus 3. pericardial a. pericardium Dept of Anatomy, Medical College, Qingdao University