National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign(17-18th September, 2014) Dr. J. S. Sandhu Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture
Crop PRODUCTION TARGETS:2014-15 Kharif weather: • South West Monsoon highly erratic, delayed onset and initially progress was quite slow and June end with 43% deficient. • Eleven per cent deficit rains at National level and 19 % deficit in North West India • Deficient rains in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Marathwada(Maharashtra), Telangana, Coastal Andhra Pradesh , East M P • Incidence of flash floods in J&K, Assam, Bihar, Eastern UP and Odisha, Cloud burst (Uttarakhand & HP); • Contingency plan for 565 districts implemented • No serious disease/insect-pests observed
Distribution of rainfall at district Level (in percentage) -2009, 2012, 2013, 2014 Deficient/Scanty rainfall districts – 68 (UP), 22 (MP),21 (Haryana), 18 (Bihar) total 280 out of 641.
Region wise live storage (%) of water in major reservoirs in 2014 & 2013.
Area coverage of kharif crops (lakh ha) -----------------Lakh ( ha.)--------------- ------------- Progress of Sowing ---------------
Area coverage of Kharif Cereal -2014 & -2013 *As on 12.09.2014
Area coverage of kharif Pulses-2014 & -2013 *As on 12 09.2014
Area coverage of Kharif Oilseeds 2014 & -2013 . *As on 12.09.2014
Area coverage of Kharif Cash Crops 2014 & 2013 *As on 12.09.2014
Strategies for Rabi : 2014-15 • Region specific Crop planning -Focus on the districts having higher area concentration of a crop; • Pre-positioning Inputs:Seeds, bio-agents/ Agro- chemicals, Soil amendments- Lime , Gypsum, Fertilizers, Micro-nutrients • Moisture Conservation & Timely sowing :Laser Land Leveller, Zero till Seed drill , Rotavator, Happy Seeder, • Focus on Fallow Area:specifically fallow kharif (3.37 Million Ha) areas left unsown due to delayed monsoon • Optimum & efficient use of conserved water: Micro- irrigation • Promotion of Relay cropping / Intercropping: To enhance the production and profitability.
REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF FERTILIZERS for Rabi: 2013-14 & RABI: 2014-15
New Initiatives for RABI: 2014-15 • To enhance pulses production North Eastern states & Hilly States included under NFSM- Pulses • Additional Allocation of Rs 300 crores • Promotion of Coarse grain cereals, all states included under NFSM – Coarse grain cereals • Higher level seed subsidy for replanting where crops damaged during kharif season
Specific Issues • Yellow Rust & Karnal Bunt: strategy to management of these diseases • Enforcement of Seed Certification Standards: wheat karnal bunt • Area specific application of Micronutrients – sulphur , Molybdenum , Zinc , Boron , etc • Promotion seed production during off season to make up the deficiency • Advance planning for Summer pulses.
WAY FORWARD • Linkages & Coordination: SAU/ICAR Institutes/KVKs for technical backstopping & Other central ministries; • Timely crop tracking & close monitoring of weather situation; and • Timely implementation & monitoring of crop development programs.