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Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1475—1564 Painter, Sculptor, and Architect Second most famous artist of the Renaissance Video. David. Tomb of Julius II. Tomb of Giuliano de' Medici. Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medici. La Pieta. The Sistine Chapel. Ceiling. St. Peter’s Basilica. Raphael Sanzio.

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michelangelo buonarroti
Michelangelo Buonarroti
  • 1475—1564
  • Painter, Sculptor, and Architect
  • Second most famous artist of the Renaissance
  • Video
raphael sanzio
Raphael Sanzio
  • 1483-1520
  • The best painter of them all
renaissance architecture
Renaissance Architecture
  • Revival of Roman Architecture with its symmetry and proportions
  • Orderly columns, arches and domes
  • http://www.learner.org/exhibits/renaissance/symmetry.html
  • Replaced Gothic structures
renaissance literature1
Renaissance Literature
  • Many Renaissance authors wrote in the vernacular-the native language of a people
  • Authors before this wrote in Latin
  • This makes literature more readily available to all people
  • Authors wrote to express themselves and tried to show the individuality of the subjects
renaissance literature2
Francesco Petrarch- Father of Humanism

Wrote in both Italian and Latin

Wrote 14 line poems called sonnets

Most famous sonnets about Laura

Believed to be Laura de Noves

It is believed she died from the plague

Renaissance Literature
sonnet 56
Se col cieco desir che 'l cor distruggecontando l'ore no m'inganno io stesso,ora mentre ch'io parlo il tempo fuggech'a me fu inseme et a mercé promesso.Qual ombra è sí crudel che 'l seme adugge,ch'al disïato frutto era sí presso?et dentro dal mio ovil qual fera rugge?tra la spiga et la man qual muro è messo?Lasso, nol so; ma sí conosco io beneche per far piú dogliosa la mia vitaamor m'addusse in sí gioiosa spene.Et or di quel ch'i' ò lecto mi sovene,che 'nanzi al dí de l'ultima partitahuom beato chiamar non si convene.

If, through blind desire that destroys the heart,I do not deceive myself counting the hours,now, while I speak these words, the time nearsthat was promised to pity and myself.What shade is so cruel as to blight the cropwhich was so near to a lovely harvest?And what wild beast is roaring in my fold?What wall is set between the hand and grain?Ah, I do not know: but I see only too wellthat in joyous hope love led me ononly to make my life more sorrowful.And now I remember words that I have read:before the day of our final partingwe should not call any man blessed

Sonnet #56
niccolo machiavelli
Wrote “The Prince”

One of the most important books of all time

Helped change peoples ideas about authority and leadership

Still widely read today.

Niccolo Machiavelli
the prince on religion
One significant way in which Machiavelli contributed to thenew confidence in man was in his separation of politics fromreligion and his challenge to the secular authority of the Church. The human activity of politics, Machiavelli believed,can be isolated from other forms of activity and treated in itsown autonomous terms. In a word politics can be divorced fromtheology, and government from religion. No longer is the stateviewed as having a moral end or purpose.

Its end is not theshaping of human souls, but the creation of conditions which would enable men to fulfill their basic desires of

self-preservation, security, and happiness. Religion has the vital function of personal salvation, of serving as an importantinstrument of social control--a basis for civic virtue rather than moral virtue.

-Anthony Parel,

The Political Calculus, 1972

The Prince On Religion
themes from the prince
If you injure someone only lightly they can still take revenge, if you crush them they can not revenge.

"We have not seen great things done in our time except by those who have been considered mean; the rest have failed. "

“A prince should not deviate from what is good, if that is possible, but he should know how to do evil, if that is necessary.”

“The answer is of course, that it would be best to be both loved and feared. But since the two rarely come together, anyone compelled to choose will find greater security in being feared than in being loved.”

How To Rule

Themes from The Prince
the medici s
The Medici’s
  • Probably the most influential and important family of the Renaissance.
  • A good summary of the Renaissance can be seen by looking at them.
  • Acquired great wealth through banking and trade
  • By 1400 they are one of the richest families in Italy, if not Europe
the medici family
Giovanni de’ Medici

Medici’s gain prominence under his reign

Supports his friends bid to become Pope, when he wins the Medici family gets the Church’s account

Cosimo de Medici

Son of Giovanni

Takes over after his father dies

Becomes an important patron to many artists during the early Renaissance

“Godfather of the Renaissance”

The Medici Family
lorenzo de medici
The Magnificent

Survives assassination attempts and takes Medici family to new heights

Patron to Leonardo, Michelangelo, Bottecelli

True Renaissance Man

Loves Wine, Women, and Art

Lorenzo de’ Medici
medici popes
Giovanni de’ Medici

Becomes a Cardinal at 13

Corrupt- Sells jobs to friends

Becomes Pope Leo X at 38 yrs old

Failed to control Martin Luther

Guilio de Medici

Becomes Pope Clement VII after his cousin Leo X dies

Trying to hold on to a crumbling empire.

Can’t deal with Henry VIII

Rome is sacked under his watch

Medici Popes