Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1475—1564 Painter, Sculptor, and Architect Second most famous artist of the Renaissance Video. David. Tomb of Julius II. Tomb of Giuliano de' Medici. Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medici. La Pieta. The Sistine Chapel. Ceiling. St. Peter’s Basilica. Raphael Sanzio.
If, through blind desire that destroys the heart,I do not deceive myself counting the hours,now, while I speak these words, the time nearsthat was promised to pity and myself.What shade is so cruel as to blight the cropwhich was so near to a lovely harvest?And what wild beast is roaring in my fold?What wall is set between the hand and grain?Ah, I do not know: but I see only too wellthat in joyous hope love led me ononly to make my life more sorrowful.And now I remember words that I have read:before the day of our final partingwe should not call any man blessedSonnet #56
Its end is not theshaping of human souls, but the creation of conditions which would enable men to fulfill their basic desires of
self-preservation, security, and happiness. Religion has the vital function of personal salvation, of serving as an importantinstrument of social control--a basis for civic virtue rather than moral virtue.
The Political Calculus, 1972The Prince On Religion
"We have not seen great things done in our time except by those who have been considered mean; the rest have failed. "
“A prince should not deviate from what is good, if that is possible, but he should know how to do evil, if that is necessary.”
“The answer is of course, that it would be best to be both loved and feared. But since the two rarely come together, anyone compelled to choose will find greater security in being feared than in being loved.”
How To RuleThemes from The Prince
Medici’s gain prominence under his reign
Supports his friends bid to become Pope, when he wins the Medici family gets the Church’s account
Cosimo de Medici
Son of Giovanni
Takes over after his father dies
Becomes an important patron to many artists during the early Renaissance
“Godfather of the Renaissance”The Medici Family
Becomes a Cardinal at 13
Corrupt- Sells jobs to friends
Becomes Pope Leo X at 38 yrs old
Failed to control Martin Luther
Guilio de Medici
Becomes Pope Clement VII after his cousin Leo X dies
Trying to hold on to a crumbling empire.
Can’t deal with Henry VIII
Rome is sacked under his watchMedici Popes