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Central Place Theory. Urban Hierarchy. = ?. Urban Hierarchy. Area of the hinterland/market area of the next higher order central place is ? times of low order centre

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Urban hierarchy4 l.jpg
Urban Hierarchy

  • Area of the hinterland/market area of the next higher order central place is ? times of low order centre

  • The distance between two same order centres is __________ times longer than the distance between two next lower order centres.

  • The population size of a central place is ? Times of the next order central place.



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K-value

  • K-value is the constant ratio between two orders of central place in an urban hierarchy

  • According to Christaller, there are three kinds of hierarchy in different k-value

  • Marketing principle : k-value = 3

  • Transport principle : k-value = 4

  • Administration principle : k-value = 7




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Urban Hierarchy

No. of Function

City

Town

Village

Population





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Large city

Large towns

Small towns

Ranking of Cities

Population

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

Ranking


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Largest city

Primacy

Population

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

Ranking


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Causes of Primacy

Patterns and Processes of Man’s Economic Environment, pp.411-413


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71 km

Breaking Point

Reilly’s Law of Retail Gravitation

Town i

Population=131,000

Town j

75,000