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What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources Why Use Cartoons Information about historical events Attitudes of society at the time Good example of multiple perspectives Remember, a cartoonist is expressing an opinion not fact Where to Find Cartoons Newspapers Editorial pages

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Presentation Transcript
why use cartoons
Why Use Cartoons
  • Information about historical events
  • Attitudes of society at the time
  • Good example of multiple perspectives
  • Remember, a cartoonist is expressing an opinion not fact
where to find cartoons
Where to Find Cartoons
  • Newspapers
    • Editorial pages
  • Archival collections
    • “CA” at OHS
  • Collected works
    • Artist or topic specific
  • Internet sites
    • See CD tutorial
tools used by cartoonist
Tools Used By Cartoonist
  • Exaggeration
  • Allusion
  • Analogy
  • Symbolism
  • Caricature
  • Stereotype
  • Humor
  • Personification
interpreting cartoons
Interpreting Cartoons
  • Historical background
    • Secondary sources
  • Date
    • Examine the publication
    • Use visual clues
  • Issue
    • Read surrounding editorials and articles
  • Labels, Symbols and Stereotypes
    • Secondary sources and surrounding editorials and articles
  • Artist
interpreting cartoons6
Interpreting Cartoons

What about this cartoon?

1972 Olympic Games, Munich

thomas nast 1840 1902
Thomas Nast (1840-1902)
  • Popularized the elephant and donkey as representations of Republican and Democratic parties
  • Originated “popular” image of Santa Claus
  • Began a position at Harper’s Weekly in summer of 1862
  • Decline in popularity and skill in the mid-1870s
  • Considered the “Father of American Caricature”
primary source activity
Primary Source Activity
  • Look at your Thomas Nast cartoon
  • Complete the activity
  • Share with the group
  • What did you notice about your cartoon compared to the other cartoons?
now it s your turn
Now it’s YOUR turn!
  • Create your own cartoon about the Civil War or Reconstruction
    • Who are the players?
    • What position are you supporting?
  • Be creative
    • Draw the opposite of your opinion
    • Experiment with symbols
    • Are you drawing as a contemporary or in retrospect?
  • Share with the group
example
Example
  • If I pick Ohio and Underground Railroad as my topic, my cartoon may look like this

If you have artistic skills your cartoon may actually look much better!