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What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources PowerPoint Presentation
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What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources

What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources

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What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources

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  1. What’s So Funny? Using Cartoons as Primary Sources

  2. Why Use Cartoons • Information about historical events • Attitudes of society at the time • Good example of multiple perspectives • Remember, a cartoonist is expressing an opinion not fact

  3. Where to Find Cartoons • Newspapers • Editorial pages • Archival collections • “CA” at OHS • Collected works • Artist or topic specific • Internet sites • See CD tutorial

  4. Tools Used By Cartoonist • Exaggeration • Allusion • Analogy • Symbolism • Caricature • Stereotype • Humor • Personification

  5. Interpreting Cartoons • Historical background • Secondary sources • Date • Examine the publication • Use visual clues • Issue • Read surrounding editorials and articles • Labels, Symbols and Stereotypes • Secondary sources and surrounding editorials and articles • Artist

  6. Interpreting Cartoons What about this cartoon? 1972 Olympic Games, Munich

  7. Thomas Nast (1840-1902) • Popularized the elephant and donkey as representations of Republican and Democratic parties • Originated “popular” image of Santa Claus • Began a position at Harper’s Weekly in summer of 1862 • Decline in popularity and skill in the mid-1870s • Considered the “Father of American Caricature”

  8. Primary Source Activity • Look at your Thomas Nast cartoon • Complete the activity • Share with the group • What did you notice about your cartoon compared to the other cartoons?

  9. Now it’s YOUR turn! • Create your own cartoon about the Civil War or Reconstruction • Who are the players? • What position are you supporting? • Be creative • Draw the opposite of your opinion • Experiment with symbols • Are you drawing as a contemporary or in retrospect? • Share with the group

  10. Example • If I pick Ohio and Underground Railroad as my topic, my cartoon may look like this If you have artistic skills your cartoon may actually look much better!