Why Use Cartoons • Information about historical events • Attitudes of society at the time • Good example of multiple perspectives • Remember, a cartoonist is expressing an opinion not fact
Where to Find Cartoons • Newspapers • Editorial pages • Archival collections • “CA” at OHS • Collected works • Artist or topic specific • Internet sites • See CD tutorial
Tools Used By Cartoonist • Exaggeration • Allusion • Analogy • Symbolism • Caricature • Stereotype • Humor • Personification
Interpreting Cartoons • Historical background • Secondary sources • Date • Examine the publication • Use visual clues • Issue • Read surrounding editorials and articles • Labels, Symbols and Stereotypes • Secondary sources and surrounding editorials and articles • Artist
Interpreting Cartoons What about this cartoon? 1972 Olympic Games, Munich
Thomas Nast (1840-1902) • Popularized the elephant and donkey as representations of Republican and Democratic parties • Originated “popular” image of Santa Claus • Began a position at Harper’s Weekly in summer of 1862 • Decline in popularity and skill in the mid-1870s • Considered the “Father of American Caricature”
Primary Source Activity • Look at your Thomas Nast cartoon • Complete the activity • Share with the group • What did you notice about your cartoon compared to the other cartoons?
Now it’s YOUR turn! • Create your own cartoon about the Civil War or Reconstruction • Who are the players? • What position are you supporting? • Be creative • Draw the opposite of your opinion • Experiment with symbols • Are you drawing as a contemporary or in retrospect? • Share with the group
Example • If I pick Ohio and Underground Railroad as my topic, my cartoon may look like this If you have artistic skills your cartoon may actually look much better!