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Move the Modular Force TLO and ELOs Terminal Learning Objective : Describe mission support capabilities of the modular transportation force and operational considerations for employing transportation modes to support operations. Enabling Learning Objectives :

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Presentation Transcript
tlo and elos
TLO and ELOs

Terminal Learning Objective: Describe mission support capabilities of the modular transportation force and operational considerations for employing transportation modes to support operations.

Enabling Learning Objectives:

  • Identify the missions, capabilities and employment of HBCT and sustainment brigade transportation elements.
  • Diagram the transportation request process.
  • Identify considerations for planning ground and air transportation support and the interface of transportation planners, managers and mode operators.
  • Identify procedures for estimating transportation requirements to support the concept of operations.
  • Describe movement control missions, organizations and activities.
references
References
  • FMI 4-90.1, Heavy Brigade Combat Team Logistics (Mar 05)
  • FMI 3-90-6, Heavy Brigade Combat Team (Mar 05)
  • FM 4-0, Combat Service Support (Aug 03)
  • FM 4-01.011, Unit Movement Operations (Oct 02)
  • FM 4-01.30, Movement Control (Sep 03)
  • FM 4-01.41, Army Rail Operations (Dec 03)
  • FM 4-20.41, Aerial Delivery Distribution in the Theater of Operations (Aug 03)
references continued
References (continued)
  • FM 55-30, Army Motor Transport Units and Operations (with Change 1 Sep 99) (Pending revision FM 4-01.40)
  • FM 55-50, Army Water Transport Operations (with Change 1, Mar 95)
  • FM 55-60, Army Terminal Operations (Apr 96)
  • FM 55-80, Army Container Operations (Aug 97)
  • FM 100-17, Mobilization, Deployment, Redeployment, Demobilization (Oct 92)

Note: FM 55-50, -60, & -80 are pending revision to FM 4-01.50

outline
Outline
  • Transportation Terms, Levels, Principles, & Concepts
  • Transportation Planners and Managers
  • Transportation Units, Missions, & Employment
  • Transportation Movement Requests (TMR)
  • Movement Control
  • Transportation Automation and Enablers
  • Aerial Resupply
  • Planning Considerations for Offense, Defense, Urban, and Counterinsurgency Operations
  • Questions and Lessons Learned Discussion
modular force acronyms move specific
BCS3: Battle Command Sustainment Support System

BSA: Brigade Support Area

BSB: Brigade Support Battalion

CHU: Container Handling Unit

CROP: Container Roll in / Roll out Platform

DC: Distribution Company

FBCB2: Force Battle Command Brigade and Below

FDRP: First Destination Reporting Point

FRCP: Flatrack Collection Point

FSC: Forward Support Company

ITV: In-transit Visibility

LHS: Load Handling System

MCB: Movement Control Battalion

MCT: Movement Control Team

MRT: Movement Regulating Team

MTS: Movement Tracking System

PLS: Palletized Load System

PP&O: Plans, Programs and Operations

SA: Situational Awareness

TTP: Trailer Transfer Point

Modular Force Acronyms (Move-specific)
move the modular force7
Move the Modular Force

Transportation Terms, Levels, Principles, & Concepts

transportation defined
Transportation (Defined)
  • Transportation is moving and transferring units, personnel, equipment, and supplies to support the concept of operations.
  • Transportation incorporates military, commercial, and host-nation capabilities.
  • Transportation assets include:
    • Motor, rail, air and water modes and units
    • Terminal units, activities, and infrastructure
    • Movement control units and activities
levels of transportation
Levels of Transportation
  • Strategic Level
    • Focus is on the movement of U.S. forces and equipment to SPOEs and from SPODs
    • U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) controls strategic movement through its three component commands:
      • Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) (formerly known as MTMC)
      • Air Mobility Command (AMC)
      • Military Sealift Command (MSC)
levels of transportation10
Levels of Transportation
  • Operational Level
    • Focus is on building force structure; reception, staging, and onward movement; opening ports; establishing LOCs; and providing C2 for movements.
  • Tactical Level
    • Focus is on supporting the commander’s intent (right support, right place, right time).
elements of a transportation system
Elements of a Transportation System

MOVEMENT CONTROL

Most critical element

MODE OPERATIONS

TERMINAL OPERATIONS

mode operators
Mode Operators
  • Includes drivers and equipment operators.
  • Provide transportation assets as committed.
  • Operate trailer transfer points (TTPs) and inland terminals.
    • TTP: Provide space/facilities for maintenance, servicing, and rest. Semitrailers are exchanged between line haul tractors.
line hauls and local hauls
Distance = (10hrs per operating shift - 1 hr delay) 20 mph = (10-1) 20 = 90 miles

2 trips per day 2

Line Hauls and Local Hauls
  • Line Hauls
    • Long distance operations (90 miles/150 km)
    • TTPs connect line haul legs
    • 1 round trip per 10 hour shift
  • Local Hauls
    • Short distance operations (20 miles/34 km)
    • 2 or more round trips per 10 hour shift

20 Miles

90 Miles

90 Miles

TTP

TTP

TTP

mode operators14
Mode Operators
  • Consists of:
    • Transportation Companies in the Corps and / or Sustainment Brigades
    • Trans Plts (from the Distro Co in the BSB)
    • Operators in the Trans
    • Section of the FSC (light
    • units only)
basic movement control principles
Basic Movement Control Principles
  • Centralized control/ decentralized execution
  • Regulated movement
  • Fluid and flexible movements
  • Effective use of carrying capacity
  • Forward support
centralized control decentralized execution
Centralized Control/Decentralized Execution
  • Centralized Control:
    • Planning and resource allocation for current and future requirements is executed by planners and managers at each level of command involved in an operation.
  • Decentralized Execution:
    • Mode operators determine the specific assets to assign to meet the requirement.

Bottom Line: Intent is to enhance flexibility, prioritize support, and accomplish missions.

regulated movements
Regulated Movements
  • Prevent conflict/congestion by avoiding system saturation.
  • Three applications:

Apportionment of Vehicles to Requirements

Regulation of Traffic thru MSRs and LOCs

Force Projection

  • Command priorities guide the regulation of all movements.

Bottom Line: Prevents a free-for-all on routes. Units and supplies move along routes in an orderly fashion.

fluid and flexible movements
Fluid and Flexible Movements
  • Uninterrupted movement of personnel, supplies, and services is critical.
  • System must allow for traffic re-routing and diversion.
  • System must be linked to Situational Awareness (SA) systems to maximize movement control.

ASR EARNHARDT

FLD TRNS

ASR NEXTEL

BSA

MSR DAYTONA

Bottom Line: Use every available route or mode to increase flexibility and responsiveness.

effective use of carrying capacity
Effective Use of Carrying Capacity
  • Keep assets fully loaded and moving.
  • Select the best platform for a given load.
  • Requesting units must be disciplined and return Corps, Division, and BSB assets when their mission is complete.
  • Bottom Line:
  • Make the best use of your available assets.
  • b) Empty trucks sitting idle benefit no one. When the mission is complete, return the asset so it can be fully utilized.
forward support
Forward Support
  • Rapid delivery of supplies and personnel as far forward as possible.
  • Dependent upon fast, reliable transportation.
  • Key = rapid reception of assets (receive, download, and clearance/release).
  • May be necessary to augment destination unit’s reception and clearance capabilities (pre-stage a forklift to help the destination unit download pallets from a Corps medium truck company).

Bottom Line: Support forward to provide maximum responsiveness to the maneuver commander.

movement principles in the hbct
Movement Principles in the HBCT
  • Unity of Command, Centralized Distribution Management
  • Increased Velocity, Throughput to Forward Areas
  • Increased Velocity, Minimize Load Handling
unity of command centralized distribution management
Unity of CommandCentralized Distribution Management
  • Controlled by the trans officer (03/88A) and the trans management NCO (MOS 88N20) in the BSB support operations section.
  • Intent:
    • Allow throughput to the customer unit whenever possible
    • Reduce time spent off-loading and reloading material between echelons.
increased velocity throughput to forward areas
Increased VelocityThroughput to Forward Areas
  • Bypass one or more echelons in the distribution network to minimize cargo handling and improve velocity on the battlefield.
  • ITV is maintained thru MTS, FBCB2, and BCS3 (SA systems).
  • Direct throughput relies on:
    • Unity of command
    • Situational understanding (facilitated by SA systems and thorough understanding of the commander’s intent).
increased velocity minimize load handling
Increased VelocityMinimize Load Handling
  • Use PLS, HEMTT-LHS, and CROP to reduce handling requirements forward on the battlefield. (Note: Capabilities and descriptions of the PLS, LHS, and CROP are outlined on the slides that follow).
  • These systems extend throughput capability and enhance velocity through flatrack exchange at or near the BSA and the FLD TRNSs.
pls lhs comparison
PLS / LHS Comparison

PLS

Truck payload: 16.5 tons

Trailer payload: 16.5 tons

Driven wheels: 10

HEMTT LHS

Truck payload: 11 tons

Trailer payload: 11 tons

Driven wheels: 8

M1077 Flatrack

pls lhs flatrack to crop comparison
PLS and LHS Flatrack

Nomenclature: M1077A1

Dimensions: 240” long x 96” wide x 72” high

Remarks: Won’t fit inside a 20” MILVAN. Flatracks are interchangeable between the PLS and the LHS.

CROP

Nomenclature: M3 CROP

Dimensions: 234” long x 92” wide x 71” high

Remarks: Will fit inside a 20” MILVAN. M3 CROP can be carried by both the PLS and the LHS.

PLS / LHS Flatrack to CROP Comparison

Note: Additional variations of flatracks exist (M3A1, IPF-M1). Refer to TB-55-46-2 (Equipment Characteristics) for details on these and all other pieces of equipment in the Army inventory. Available at https://www.tea.army.mil (use your AKO login).

cargo delivery equipment
Cargo Delivery Equipment

CONTAINER ROLL-IN/OUT PLATFORM (CROP)

CONTAINER HANDLING UNIT

HEMTT-LOAD HANDLING SYSTEM

flatrack management
Flatrack Management
  • Flatrack employment, management, and retrograde operations are the responsibility of distribution managers integrated at each echelon of support throughout the HBCT area.
  • Flatracks will be dispersed throughout the distribution pipeline, particularly from the HBCT rear boundary to the combat trains command post (CTCP) of a combat battalion or dispersed throughout the area of operation.
  • Flatrack exchange is the preferred method for retrograding flatracks from the Field Trains. The Flatrack Collection Points (FRCPs) are designated for flatrack consolidation purposes when required, and this proposed location is reported to the BSB support operations officer.
flatrack management responsibilities
Flatrack Management Responsibilities
  • In the Brigade area and below, flatrack managers include the:
    • FSC Distribution Platoon Leader, FSC Executive Officer, BSB SPT OPS Movement Control NCO, and the Trans Platoon Leader (from the BSB’s Distribution Company)

Their responsibilities include:

  • Identifying a proposed flatrack collection point (FRCP) ICW the BSB DC transportation platoon leader.
  • Managing all common user flatracks on an area basis.
  • Ensuring flatrack exchange procedures are optimized using Division throughput assets as a matter of priority.
flatrack management responsibilities30
Flatrack Management Responsibilities
  • Responsibilities continued:
  • Maximizing the use of BSB DC transportation LHSs for retrograding/back hauling flatracks from the FRCP back into the distribution pipeline.
  • Reporting flatrack on-hand quantity by location, status, and condition to the Transportation Branch at the Division.
  • Coordinating with the Division Transportation Branch for supplemental transportation support when retrograding flatracks from BSA FRCP.
move the modular force31
Move the Modular Force

Transportation

Planners and Managers

planners managers and key tasks
X

SUST

Planners, Managers and Key Tasks

Corps Trans Officer

Corps

XX

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Task assets within the DC to execute requirements.
  • Pass requirements that exceed capability to TSC.

BSB

Sustainment

Base

TSC

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Use CULT assets to execute trans requirements (HBCT)
      • Trans Section moves one company in one lift (IBCT)

FSC

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Task Sustainment Brigades
  • Execute throughput

SPO

Dist

MED

S&S Cell

PLT HQ

MCB

Division Trans Officer

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Execute taskings received from Trans Mgmt Cell (SPO)

CTC

X

Maint Cell

CL III Section

Division

SUST

BDE

CL V

Trans Mgmt Cell

Gen Supply Sec

SPO/DMC

Dist

HSS Cell

Plans

CO HQ

Trans Section (IBCT only)

Ammo Cell

Ops

Supply PLT

Contract Cell

Trans

  • Key Task
  • BN S4 consolidates requirements and passes to FSC

Fuel / H20 PLT

Med

HR Ops

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Execute taskings received from TSC to support one or more Division’s.

Trans PLT

FM Ops

corps division transportation officer
Corps / Division Transportation Officer
  • Serves as the Corps / Division commander’s principle advisor on all transportation related matters
  • Involved in mode planning for the Corps / Division
  • Falls under the Corps / Division Main Command Post diagram (under G4/Log Cell)
  • DTO is the senior Transportation Log Officer in the Division AO (O4 Slot)
sustainment brigade corps division
Support Operations (SPO): Provides integrated and automated C2 and planning for distribution management within the Corps/ Division AOR.

xxx

xxx

VII

XVIII

Sustainment Brigade (Corps/Division)

Desert Shield/Storm

1991

Mother of all Intersections

sustainment brigade division
Sustainment Brigade (Division)

X

  • Transportation Branch
    • Sub-unit of SPO
    • Plans and manages movement and maintains ITV.
    • Plans for air and surface transportation assets and maintains MSR status, automated transportation tracking, and request system.
    • Supervised by an O4 88A.

Each of the BSB traffic management officers and NCOs coordinate with the Transportation Branch when requirements exceed capability.

SUST

BDE

SPO/DMC

Plans

Ops

Trans

Med

HR Ops

FM Ops

brigade support battalion hbct
SPO

TransMgt Cell

Sup & SvcCell

MaintCell

HSS Cell

ContractCell

AmmoCell

Brigade Support Battalion, HBCT

BSB

HHC

support operations bsb
Support Operations (BSB)
  • SPO: Principle staff officer (ICW S1, S4, and Surgeon) for logistics support to the HBCT.

Note: The S4 is the HBCT Logistics Officer. The S4 and SPO work closely together to support the HBCT.

  • Transportation Management Cell (shown on previous slide):
      • Coordinates/monitors all transportation movements for the BSB.
      • Coordinates backhaul of equipment ICW the Transportation Branch.
      • Consists of two traffic management coordinators assigned to control the movement of assets in and around the BSB.
spo traffic management coordinators
SPO Traffic Management Coordinators
  • Traffic Management Coordinators Duties:
    • Coordinate, monitor, control, and supervise the movement of personnel, equipment, and cargo via air, rail, highway, and/or water.
    • Determine the most efficient mode of transport that accomplishes mission requirements.
    • Supervise cargo documentation and movement control for all transportation modes.
    • Develop and review movement programs (to include convoy planning) for logistics support functions within the BSB/BSA.
spo traffic management coordinators39
SPO Traffic Management Coordinators
  • Traffic Management Coordinators Duties (continued):
    • Advise in the preparation of support plans where transportation is required.
    • Verify the accuracy of movement control documents.
    • Ensure allocation of transport capability is appropriate to accomplish each mission in a cost-effective manner.
    • Coordinate support with the Transportation Branch in the sustainment brigade’s support operation section.
    • Anticipate and recommend the use of main supply route (MSR) to the Transportation Branch.
movement nco
Movement NCO
  • Movement NCO Duties:
    • Conduct continuous logistics preparation of the theater.
    • Conduct overall flatrack management within the brigade support area.
    • Prepare battalion movement plans and annexes in support of logistics or contingency plans.
    • Resolve movement priority conflicts with the support operations officer and S2/S3.
movement nco41
Movement NCO
  • Movement NCO Duties (continued):
    • Coordinate subordinate unit movement requirements with EAB.
    • Regulate MSR use requirements for unit moves.
    • Operate movement tracking station.
    • Coordinate movement of aerial logistics resupply.
transportation plt ldr dc bsb
DISTRO

Co HQ

SUP PLT

FUEL/

WATER

PLT

TRANS

PLT

Transportation Plt Ldr, DC, BSB
  • Transportation Platoon Leader:
    • Works for Distribution Company Commander.
    • Receives taskings from the BN SPT OPS Section through the BSB S3.
    • Provides transportation support for the distribution of supplies to FSCs.
    • Provides transportation to Bde using 20 x LHS.
  • Focus:
    • Conduct resupply LOGPACs to the FSC's distribution assets for their LOGPAC operations and receive resupply from Corps/Division.
fsc distribution platoon hbct
FSC Distribution Platoon (HBCT)
  • Distribution Platoon Leader:
    • Executes transportation missions for their respective battalions.
  • BN S4:
    • Consolidates support requirements and passes them to the FSC CP for execution by the distribution platoon.
    • Coordinates with the BSB support operations section for additional assets if required.

Note: Info is also passed to the BDE S4 for SA/ITV.

FSC

Dist

Plt HQ

CL III

Section

CL V

Gen Sup

Section

Trans

Section

IBCT only

planners managers and key tasks review
X

SUST

Planners, Managers and Key Tasks Review

Corps Trans Officer

Corps

XX

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Task assets within the DC to execute requirements.
  • Pass requirements that exceed capability to TSC.

BSB

Sustainment

Base

TSC

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Use CULT assets to execute trans requirements (HBCT)
      • Trans Section moves two companies in one lift (IBCT)

FSC

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Task Sustainment Brigades
  • Execute throughput

SPO

Dist

MED

S&S Cell

PLT HQ

MCB

Division Trans Officer

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Execute taskings received from Trans Mgmt Cell (SPO)

CTC

Division

X

Maint Cell

CL III Section

SUST

BDE

CL V

Trans Mgmt Cell

Gen Supply Sec

SPO/DMC

Dist

HSS Cell

Plans

CO HQ

Trans Section (IBCT only)

Ammo Cell

Ops

Supply PLT

Contract Cell

Trans

  • Key Task
  • BN S4 consolidates requirements and passes to FSC

Fuel / H20 PLT

Med

HR Ops

  • Key Task
  • Maintain ITV
  • Execute taskings received from TSC to support one or more Divisions.

Trans PLT

FM Ops

move the modular force45
Transportation

Units, Missions, & Employment

Move the Modular Force
sustainment brigade
Sustainment Brigade

SUS

Assigned

Attached

BTB

CSSB

MED BDE

CSSB

CSSB

CSSB

CSSB

CSSB

HHC

CSSB

Assigned

Attached

HHC

SIG

FIN

HR

AMMO

TRANS

MAINT

S&S

Mission: Plan, coordinate, synchronize, monitor, and control logistics operations within assigned AO. Coordinates Host Nation Support (HNS) and contracting. Provide support to joint, interagency, and multinational forces as directed.

heavy truck company
2Platoons

4 Platoons

48 Tractors, HET

48 HET, Trailer 70 T

96Tractors, HET

96 Trailers, 70 T

Heavy Truck Company
  • Mission:To relocate tracked combat vehicles in support of a heavy maneuver force. Configured in either 2 or 4 HET platoons.
  • Equipment:
medium truck company
Container/Cgo Container/Cgo POL PLS

60 trks, trac 5 T 60 trks, trac M915 60 trks, trac M915 48 PLS trucks

150 semitrlrs, 22 1/2 T 120 semitrlrs, 34 T 60 tankers, 5/7.5 K gal 48 PLS trlrs

96 flat racks

Medium Truck Company
  • Mission: To move bulk, containerized, general non-containerized cargo, and bulk POL from supply and stockage points to users.
  • Equipment:
light medium truck company
Light/Medium Truck Company
  • Mission:To move general and non-containerized cargo and personnel in support of Corps and Division units.
  • Equipment:
    • 50 x FMTV (M1083)
      • 25 x MTV Dropside Trailers (M1095)
    • 10 x Tractors (M1088)
      • 20 x 22 ½ Ton Semi-trailer (M871)
cargo transfer company
Trac, M915

Semitrlr, 34 T

RTFL, 4 K

RTFL, 10 K

KALMAR

1 x Cgo Trf Plt

4

4

2

4

4

4 x Cgo Trf Plt

16

16

8

16

16

Cargo Transfer Company
  • Mission:To transfer cargo at air, rail, motor, and inland barge terminals.
  • Equipment:

*Can operate in 1 x PLT or 4 x PLT configuration.

heavy brigade combat team organic log support
FSC

(ARS)

FSC

(MNV)

..

..

...

...

FSC

(FIRES)

HQ

FIELD

FEEDING

DISTRO

MAINT

..

..

HQS

MCS/HQS

FSC

(MNV)

FSC

(MNV)

..

..

GEN

SUPPLY

MAINT

SECTION

..

..

WATER

RECOV

SECT

..

..

CL V

ARMOR

FMT

..

MECH

FMT

..

ENGR

FMT

Heavy Brigade Combat Team(Organic Log Support)

X

3:1 tooth to tail!

3700

BTB

BSB

1146 (406)

132

HHC

81

143

Distro

171

137

Maint

77

230 (x2)

Transportation Mission:

The Brigade Support Battalion (BSB) distributes supply Classes I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII and IX. It carries the sustainment stocks that exceed the organic carrying capability for the brigade’s three replenishment loads for high intensity operations.

Med

77

distribution company bsb
Distribution Company, BSB

Equipment: HBCT

20 x LHS

40 x 88M authorized

Equipment: IBCT

4 x truck squads w/ total of 20 x LHS

plus 2 x mobility sections w/

total of 24 x LMTVs

90 x 88M authorized

TRK SQD

transportation plt mission distribution co bsb
DISTRO

Co HQ

SUP PLT

FUEL/WATER

PLT

TRANS

PLT

Transportation PLT Mission, Distribution Co, BSB
  • Provide direct transportation support to the brigade.
  • Provide distribution support of supplies to the FSCs.
  • Equipment:
    • T93761 (Trailer: PLS) x 20
    • T96496 (Truck: Cargo-LHS) x 20
distribution platoon fsc hbct ibct
Distribution Platoon, FSC (HBCT / IBCT)

Equipment (HBCT FSC):

No doctrinally taskable truck assets, however, some movement missions may be executed using CULT assets.

FSC

HQS

Dist

Maint

  • Move two infantry companies in one lift (IBCT).

Plt HQ

Equipment:

12 x M978 Fuel HEMTT

1 x TPU w/ Trailer

CL III

Section

CL V

Equipment:

5 x PLS or LHS w/ Trailers

2 x MTV w/ LMTV Trailers

Gen Sup

Section

Equipment:

2 x MTV

5 x LMTV

Equipment (IBCT FSC):

24 x LMTV

8 x LMTV drop-side trailers

TRANS

SECTION

employment modular move
X

X

SUST

SUST

II

II

II

BSB

BSB

BSB

I

I

I

I

FSC

FSC

FSC

FSC

Employment (Modular Move)

XX

Corps

TSC

MCB

DC

CTC

Division

Sustainment

Base

MED

HET

POL

DC

LT/MED

DC

  • Modularity Support Concept
  • Throughput
  • Modular Units/Capability
move the modular force57
Move the Modular Force

Transportation Movement Requests (TMR)

tmr process step by step
X

SUST

TMR Process (Step by Step)

Corps

XX

TSC

BSB

FSC

Sustainment

Base

Dist

SPO

MCB

Dist

MED

CO HQ

S&S Cell

PLT HQ

CTC

Division

X

CL III Section

Supply PLT

Maint Cell

SUST

BDE

CL V

Trans Mgmt Cell

Fuel / H20 PLT

SPO/DMC

Gen Supply Sec

HSS Cell

Plans

Trans PLT

Trans Section (IBCT only)

Ops

Ammo Cell

Contract Cell

Trans

Med

CSSB

TMR

HR Ops

MED

Tasking

FM Ops

Mission Executed

HET

tmr process summary
X

SUST

TMR Process (Summary)

Corps

XX

TSC

BSB

FSC

Sustainment

Base

Dist

SPO

MCB

Dist

MED

CO HQ

S&S Cell

PLT HQ

CTC

Division

X

CL III Section

Supply PLT

Maint Cell

SUST

BDE

CL V

Trans Mgmt Cell

Fuel / H20 PLT

SPO/DMC

Gen Supply Sec

HSS Cell

Plans

Trans PLT

Trans Section (IBCT only)

Ops

Ammo Cell

Contract Cell

Trans

Med

CSSB

TMR

HR Ops

MED

Tasking

FM Ops

Mission Executed

HET

move the modular force60
Move the Modular Force

Movement

Control

movement control
Movement Control
  • Planning, routing, scheduling, controlling, coordination, and in-transit visibility of personnel, units, equipment, and supplies moving over LOCs.
  • Commitment of allocated transportation assets according to command planning directives.

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

movement control missions
Movement Control Missions

Highway Regulation

  • Planning and de-conflicting movements on road networks.
  • Performed by MCTs, Trans Branch, Movements Personnel, and HBCT S4s.
highway regulation
Highway Regulation
  • Provides order, prevents congestion, and enforces movement priorities.
  • Responsibility of the MCB in the Corps/Division area and the HBCT S-4 in the brigade area.
  • The goal is to sustain movements according to the commander’s priorities and to make the most effective and efficient use of the road networks.

The highway regulation plan

describes the MSR network and

establishes control measures to

promote effective regulation.

The traffic circulation planis

an overlay of the MSR network,

which shows all MSRs/ASRs,

checkpoints, highway regulation

points, route names, direction of

travel, boundaries, and principal

supply activities.

movement control missions64
Movement Control Missions
  • Movements Programming
    • Used to pre-plan both known and anticipated transportation requirements for reception, onward movement, and sustainment.
    • Performed by Transportation Branch and Traffic Management Coordinators.
movement program
Movement Program
  • Preplans both known and anticipated transportation requirements for reception, onward movement, and sustainment.
  • A command directive prepared by the MCB and the Transportation Branch.
  • Available transportation resources are allocated based on the commander’s priorities.
  • Serves as authority to commit transportation assets.
movement synchronization components
Movement Synchronization Components
  • Movement Control: Planning, routing, scheduling, controlling, coordination, and ITV of personnel, units, equipment, and supplies moving over LOCs. Commitment of allocated transportation assets according to command planning directives.
  • Maneuver Control: Movement of forces supported by fire to achieve a position of advantage from which to destroy the enemy.
  • Battlefield Circulation Control: Ensuring combat personnel, equipment, and supplies move smoothly, quickly, and with little interference on MSRs. It includes route reconnaissance and surveillance, enforcement of highway regulation, straggler and refugee control, and information dissemination.
movement control battalion
MCB

PP&O

Highway

Traffic

Section

S2/3

MCT

MCT

MCT

MCT

Movement Control Battalion
  • Mission: Provide centralized movement control and highway regulation for moving personnel and materiel into, within, and out of the Corps and Division area. It also ensures effective and efficient use of available transportation capability.
movement control teams in the mcb
MCT Design

2

1

2

Movement Control

Team (MCT)

3-0-18

1-CPT (88A)

2-1LT (88A)

1-SFC (88N)

1-SPC (88N)

Organization Mission

1-SSG (88N)

1-SGT (88N)

1-SPC (88N)

1-PFC (88N)

1-SSG (88N)

1-SGT (88N)

1-SPC (88N)

1-PFC (88N)

1-SSG (88N)

1-SGT (88N)

1-SPC (88N)

1-PFC (88N)

1-SSG (88N)

1-SGT (88N)

1-SPC (88N)

1-PFC (88N)

TTP

CKP

TTP

Movement Control Teams (in the MCB)

Mission: To perform movement

control functions at a port (sea/air),

a geographical area, transshipment

points or operate regulating points.

Capabilities:

- Expedite port clearance (PAX/cargo).

- Coordinate/regulate highway

movement

- Provides ITV

- Commits mode operators

- Resolves movement conflicts

POD

MSR Ford

MSR Porsche

Possible

MCT locations

MSR Jeep

movement control teams responsibilities
Movement Control Teams (Responsibilities)
  • Expedite, coordinate, and monitor transportation support on an area basis or at a transportation terminal.
  • Enable decentralized execution of movement responsibilities.
  • Assist commanders in movement planning.
movement control missions itv
Movement Control Missions (ITV)
  • Continually update the location of units, equipment, personnel, and supplies as they travel within the transportation system.
  • Enable movement control units to answer the commander’s information needs.

- Assured communications are essential.

- Movement Tracking System (MTS) provides the needed ITV/situational awareness that enhances flexibility and responsiveness.

first destination report point
The FDRP is a point established near a boundary or along a MSR that diverts drivers and cargo to an alternate consignee or destination.

The FDRP is manned by a movement regulating team, a movement control team, or military police.

First Destination Report Point

1AD

CSC Scania

MNB-CS

MSR Tampa

Iraq

Kuwait

CJTF-7

CSC Navstar

CFLCC

first destination report point tasks
First Destination Report Point Tasks
  • Track location of critical supplies.
  • Perform movement control functions.
  • Provide instructions to convoys.
  • Provide and receive latest intelligence.
  • Reroute convoys/vehicles.
  • Provide information on routes and weather.
  • Establish brigade "light line" for black-out driving.
  • Provide a linkup point for armed convoy escort vehicles.
tc aims ii
TC-AIMS II

Transportation Coordinators’ Automated Information for Movement System II

  • TC-AIMS II supports unit deployments/movements, convoy planning, and transportation requirements estimating.
  • TC-AIMS II manages the tactical-wheeled fleet.
  • The unit move module of TC-AIMS II has four basic functions:
    • Store unit personnel and equipment information.
    • Maintain deployment information and plan and schedule deployments.
    • Manipulate/update information for convoy, rail, and air load planning and personnel manifesting.
    • Allow units to update their operational equipment list (OEL) and unit deployment list (UDL) and to electronically send the updates through the chain of command to the installation transportation office (ITO).
bcs3 battle command sustainment support system
BCS3Battle Command Sustainment Support System
  • BCS3 provides logistics status and information in support of CSS planning and operations.
  • Provides critical, timely, integrated and accurate automated logistics information.
  • Provides the latest status of critical weapon systems, fuel, ammo, personnel, and assets.
bcs3 support
BCS3 Support

BCS3 gives logisticians the ability to:

  • Locate convoys and drill down on their supply increments to individual TCN, DODDAC, or requisition number.
  • Build march credits, de-conflict convoy routes, produce Gantt charts, and track movements using ITV.
  • Share relevant movement information with the maneuver commander during the military decision making process with a COA analysis and execution tool using a current and future running estimate.

Example Gantt chart

slide77
VISTAR/PANA-TRACKER

MTS/DTRACS

RF ID

IRIDIUM

GATES/GDSS

WPS

GTN 21

E-MILPOL

FUEL

BCS3

SAAS

(AMMO)

MUREP

(USMC AMMO)

SAMS

(CL IX))

JMARS

(MEDICAL)

Battlefield Update Briefs

SBCT Combat Power

NON-STANDARD PARTS

(STRYKER)

SARSS

(SSA)

BCS3Modular, Scalable, Versatile…

DataSync

Guard

ITV

SVR

SIPRNET

NIPRNET

BCS3

National Server

BCS3

National Server

LIDB

SVR

ILAP

SVR

fbcb2 force xxi battle command brigade and below
FBCB2Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below
  • Situational Awareness (SA) system linked to GPS that is found in most C2 platforms, TOCs/CPs, and many transportation assets.
  • Capable of messaging, orders, overlays, alerts, requests, and fires.
movement tracking system mts
Movement Tracking System (MTS)
  • MTS is a global positioning system that can identify the position, track the progress, and communicate with the operators of tactical wheeled vehicles anywhere.
  • MTS is a satellite-based tracking/communication system consisting of a mobile unit mounted in a vehicle and a base unit controlled/ monitored by movement control and mode operators.
  • MTS provides real-time, in-transit visibility of vehicles and cargo within a theater.
  • MTS has a movement control capability that improves trafficability on MSRs and reduces the potential for fratricide.
  • Since all tactical wheeled vehicles do not have MTS installed, it is important to place vehicles with MTS in the front, rear, and center of a convoy.
aerial resupply
Types of Resupply Requests

Frequent (routine)

Determined in advance

Urgent (emergency)

Unanticipated, urgent, or priority movement requirements

Methods of Resupply

Airdrop Operations (USAF)

Primary means for responding to immediate requests

Bypass contaminated areas

Airland Operations (USAF)

Airfield to airfield (or airstrip)

Sling Load Operations (Army Air)

Expedite the movement of priority cargo

Support outposts and

split based operations

Aerial Resupply
move the modular force82
Planning

Considerations for Offense, Defense, Urban, and Counterinsurgency Operations

Move the Modular Force
supporting offensive operations
Supporting Offensive Operations
  • Upload as much as possible
  • Reduce vulnerability of “thin-skinned” vehicles (Harden)
  • Extended supply lines increase delivery and turn around times
  • Maximize use of preplanned and preconfigured push packages
  • Use airlift resupply for units not accessible by surface transportation.
supporting defensive operations
Supporting Defensive Operations
  • Delivery and turnaround times decrease.
  • Supplies are moved to successive defensive positions.
  • Ammunition expenditures and barrier materials increase, while fuel decreases.
supporting urban warfare
Supporting Urban Warfare
  • Movement control is more complex.
  • Civilian foot / vehicle traffic may interfere with operations.
  • Routes within an urban area can be denied easily.
  • Force protection of logistics nodes and convoys is more difficult in urban areas (3-levels to worry about).
  • Smaller resupply vehicles (HEMTT/PLS) may be in greater demand than tractor-trailers.
  • Use pre-configured loads or push packages to increase response time and decrease delivery time.
supporting counterinsurgency operations
Supporting Counterinsurgency Operations
  • Key to successful transportation operations during counterinsurgency operations is PREPARATION
    • Consider convoy planning preparations
    • Prepare detailed mission briefs
    • Rehearse battle drills
    • Consider convoy organization
    • Harden vehicles
    • Improve vehicle-mounted weapon systems
move the modular force87
Move the Modular Force

Questions

and Lessons Learned Discussion

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