argc task force on corporate governance of soes the case of thailand l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs The Case of Thailand PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs The Case of Thailand

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs The Case of Thailand - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 223 Views
  • Uploaded on

ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs The Case of Thailand State Enterprise Policy Office, Ministry of Finance, Thailand 20 May 2005 Dr. Pallapa Ruangrong CONTENT I. Thailand Economic Outlook II. The Roles of SOEs in Thai economy III. SOEs Financial Snap Shot

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEs The Case of Thailand' - paul2


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
argc task force on corporate governance of soes the case of thailand

ARGC Task Force on Corporate Governance of SOEsThe Case of Thailand

State Enterprise Policy Office, Ministry of Finance, Thailand

20 May 2005

Dr. Pallapa Ruangrong

slide2

CONTENT

I. Thailand Economic Outlook

II. The Roles of SOEs in Thai economy

III. SOEs Financial Snap Shot

IV. SOEs Governance Structure in Thailand

V. Future Governance Structure of SOEs

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 2

i thailand economic outlook
I. Thailand Economic Outlook

Thailand Real GDP Growth, GDP and Public Debt

  • Thailand GDP* is represented approximately 157,000 M.USD in 2004 that increasing at average 5% during 1999-2004
  • Real GDP Growth in 2004 is 6.3%,slightly decreasing from previous year.
  • Public debt is approx. 75,000 M.USD in 2004 that slightly increasing about 0.8% per year since 1999
  • The proportion of Public Debt and GDP is 47.67% in 2004 that reduce from 62.5% in 1999 since Thai government has released the Fiscal sustainability Obligation to keep this rate not exceed than 50%.

% of GDP

Million USD

Source: NESDB, BOT, SEPO

*Real GDP

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 3

ii the roles of soes to thai economy
II. The Roles of SOEs to Thai Economy

After Thailand economic recovery began in 1999, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), One of the economic stimulator, has performed as the key role for Thai government to recover its economy. Apparently, the developing SOEs performance has become one of economic development strategy as a substantial provider for the fundamental economic infrastructure in order to regain the prosperity of Thai economy, to contribute the competitiveness for private sector and to ensure the sustainable in Thai economy.

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 4

ii the roles of soes to thai economy5
II. The Roles of SOEs to Thai Economy

SOEs are now playing the important roles to contribute both minimizing damage from economy recession and maximizing prosperity of Thai economy. Thus the roles of SOEs have many several issues as followed:

1. Providing fundamental economic infrastructure: such as Transportation, Energy, Water Supply and Telecommunication.

2. Contributing for the country competitiveness: providethe basic strength for private sector and real sector productivities with both economic and social values.

3. The Source of Funds for supporting fiscal budget: Both remittance and income tax from SOE is contributed for the sustainable prosperity of fiscal budget.

4. The enormous source of employment: approximately 280,000 employees represented as 12% of total government employees.

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 5

slide6

III. Thailand’s State Owned Enterprises Structure

MOF

State Enterprise Policy Office

Energy

Transportation

Telecomm.

Infrastructure

Industry

Agriculture

Service

Social&

Technology

Financial

  • There are 9 sectors and 60 SOEs with 6 Listed companies in 4 sectors
  • State ownership is classified into three categories:
    • Full ownership (100%)
    • Majority Shareholder (more than 51%)
    • Minority Shareholder (less than 51%)/Portfolio Investor

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 6

slide7

III. SOEs Financial Performance

Asset and Debt in 1999-2004

Million USD

  • SOEs Asset value 135,000 M.USD. in 2004, increasing at average 7% per year since 1999
  • SOEs Debt value 103,000 M.USD. in 2004, increasing at average 5% per year since 1999

Revenue ,Expense and Net Income in 1999-2004

Million USD

Million USD

  • SOEs Revenue value 45,000 M.USD. in 2004, increasing at average 8% per year since 1999
  • SOEs Debt value 38,000 M.USD. in 2004, increasing at average 8% per year since 1999
  • SOEs Net Income value 4,300 M.USD. in 2004, increasing at average 4% per year since 1999

Source: SEPO

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 7

slide8

III. Thailand’s State Owned Enterprises listed companies

Thailand SOEs Privatization History

  • There are 6 SOEs listed in Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET)
  • SOEs Portfolio represented 25,000 M.USD. or 21% of Thailand Stock market Capitalization (110,000 M.USD) at the end of 2004
  • TOT (Telecom)*
  • CAT (Telecom)**
  • Thai (Transport.)
  • KTB (Bank)
  • PTTEP (Energy)
  • BCP (Energy)
  • MCOT (Telecom)
  • AOT (Transport)
  • PTT (Energy)
  • Source: SEPO
  • ,** TOT & CAT are planning to distribute shares in 2005
  • BCP status is no longer SOE

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 8

slide9

III. Thailand’s State Owned Enterprises listed companies

  • PTT is Thailand’s fully integrated oil&gas and petrochemical complex, with a fully-fledged operation covering upstream (exploration and production), midstream (refining and production of olefins feedstock) and downstream (retail oil distribution).

PTT Public Limited Company (PTT)

  • Thai Airways International Public Company Limited is the national carrier. It operates domestic, regional and intercontinental flights radiating from its home base in Bangkok.

Thai Airways International (THAI)

  • Airport Authority of Thailand is the operator of national airports of Thailand. There are 5 airports under AOT, locating in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Hat Yai, Phuket and Chiang Rai.

AOT Public Limited Company (AOT)

  • MCOT is a mass communication operator. Its service include Television operators, Global television network, radio and news & entertainment.

MCOT Public Limited Company (MCOT)

Krung Thai Bank Public Limited Company (KTB)

  • Krung Thai Bank is financial assistance service provider.
  • PTT Exploration and Production Company Limited or PTTEP, has the mission to explore, develop, and produce petroleum reserves to maximize Thailand’s highest possible benefit from energy resources.

PTTEP Public Limited Company (PTTEP)

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 9

slide10

III. Thailand’s State Owned Enterprises listed companies

*Holding by PTT

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 10

slide11

IV. Current Governance Structure

Ministry of Labor

  • These entities exercise state ownership through different laws and registrations governing them.
  • There are three areas of monitoring
    • Employment
    • Finance and Accounting
    • Management

Budget Bureau

SOEs

Line

Minis

try

MOF

Audit

Office

NESDB

Committee

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 11

slide12

IV. Current Governance Structure : Rules and Regulations

  • (Full Ownership)
  • Employment:
  • Act on Standards Qualifications for Directors and Employees of State Enterprises
  • Act on State Enterprise Labour Relations
  • Act on Offense of Employee in State Organization or State Agency
  • Cabinet Resolutions

Finance and Accounting:

  • Act on Public Debt Management
  • Organic Law on State Audit
  • Regulation on Accountency and Finance of State Enterprise
  • Regulation on State Enterprise Investment Policy
  • Regulation on State Enterprise Internal Audit
  • Cabinet Resolutions

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 12

slide13

IV. Current Governance Structure : Rules and Regulations

  • (Full Ownership)
  • Management:
  • Law on State Enterprise Establishment
  • Act on Private Participation
  • Regulation on Procurement
  • Regulation on the Disposal and Purchase of Shares of the Government
  • Cabinet Resoultions

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 13

slide14

IV. Current Governance Structure : Rules and Regulations

  • (Majority Shareholder)
  • Continue to follow some of the State Enterprise Laws and Regulations such as Organic Law on State Audit, Act on Standards Qualifications for Directors and Employees of State Enterprises, Regulation on State Enterprise Investment Policy, etc.
  • Comply with Corporatization Act and Commercial Act
  • SEC Rules and Regulations
  • (Minority Shareholder)
  • Follow Commercial Act and SEC Rules and Regulations

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 14

slide15

IV. Current Governance Structure : Roles of Ministry of Finance

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 15

slide16

V. Future Governance Structure

  • We are studying the possibility of establishing a State Holding Company to centralize decision making process.
    • Controlling SOEs with more efficient and effectiveness, (there are different objectives of SOEs)
    • Achieving of synergies through integration within a given sector or activities
    • Being as “the tangible arm-length” management of SOEs
    • Increasing financial returns to government’s investment in SOEs
    • Entrusting the task of rescuing loss-makingSOEs
    • Increasing general public ownership in SOEs
    • Undertaking the state’s representative in SOEs until their divestiture to private owners

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 16

slide17

V. Future Governance Structure

  • The government has ranked good governance as its top priority agenda.
  • Thailand has conducted Report On Standard and Codes (ROSCs): self-assessment Questionaire on Fiscal Transparency issued by IMF.
  • Good Governance will be used as one of the criteria of selection for SOE Awards Night .

State Enterprise Policy Office, Thailand : 17