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Post War America. 1945-1960. Postwar America. New challenges for the United States after World War II New Economic Realities Dramatic social and economic changes. Truman Administration (1945-1953). Harry Truman became president after FDR’s death in 1945 Preparedness

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postwar america
Postwar America
  • New challenges for the United States after World War II
    • New Economic Realities
    • Dramatic social and economic changes
truman administration 1945 1953
Truman Administration(1945-1953)
  • Harry Truman became president after FDR’s death in 1945
    • Preparedness
    • Perception of Harry Truman
truman administration 1945 19534
Truman Administration(1945-1953)
  • Truman wanted to continue FDR’s policies
    • “Second Bill of Rights” in inauguration speech in 1944
    • Opposition from Republicans and southern Democrats
    • Election of 1948
eisenhower administration 1953 1961
Eisenhower Administration(1953-1961)
  • Dwight David Eisenhower
    • Supreme Allied Commander in Europe
    • First Republican to win the White House in 20 years
eisenhower administration 1953 19617
Eisenhower Administration(1953-1961)
  • “Dynamic Conservatism”
    • Role of the Cold War
    • “Military-industrial complex”
eisenhower administration 1953 19618
Eisenhower Administration(1953-1961)
  • The Second Red Scare
    • Background
    • First Soviet atomic bomb detonated 1949
the eisenhower administration 1953 1961
The Eisenhower Administration(1953-1961)
  • McCarthyism
    • House Un-American Activities Committee
    • Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy
    • McCarthy and HUAC
    • McCarthy vs. the Army
postwar america11
Postwar America
  • Economic challenges
    • Transition to peacetime economy
    • Taft-Hartley Act, 1947
postwar america12
Postwar America
  • Expanding economic growth
    • Factors
    • Domination of US corporations
    • Expansion of agriculture
postwar america14
Postwar America
  • The GI Bill
    • Details
    • Consequences
postwar america15
Postwar America
  • The Baby Boom (1946-1964)
    • Population expansion
    • Consequences of Baby Boom
postwar america17
Postwar America
  • Increase in suburbanization
    • Factors behind suburbanization
    • “Levittowns”
    • Interstate Highway System
postwar america19
Postwar America
  • Economic prosperity of 1950s outstripped the 1920s
    • “Treaty of Detroit” (1950)
    • Growth of the Sunbelt
postwar america24
Postwar America
  • Middle Class Culture
    • Questions
      • What is “middle class”?
      • Who makes up the middle class?
      • What determines whether you are in the middle class?
      • What are some roles or expectations for members of the middle class?
postwar america25
Postwar America
  • Homogenization of American culture in the 1950s
  • Role of Television
  • Gender Roles
postwar america27
Postwar America
  • Baby Boom Generation creates youth culture
  • Critics of Middle Class Culture
the civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Questions
    • Why did the Civil Rights Movement begin in the 1950s?
      • Why not 50 years earlier?
    • How did the Civil Rights Movement affect American society?
      • Who benefited the most from Civil Rights movement?
      • Who are the most threatened by Civil Rights movement?
    • Is the cause of Civil Rights still relevant today?
the civil rights movement29
The Civil Rights Movement
  • The Role of the Second World War
  • Truman andAfrican-Americans
  • Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
the civil rights movement30
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Reaction to Desegregation
    • Revival of KKK
    • “Citizens’ Councils”
    • Race riots
the civil rights movement31
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Federal Response
    • Eisenhower’s position
    • Little Rock, Arkansas
the civil rights movement32
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
    • Rosa Parks
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)
the civil rights movement33
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Impact of Bus Boycott
  • Bus Boycott and Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Stay tuned…