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Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music

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Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music The role that music plays in society is largely a function of the music-related technology that is used. The role of music in American society has changed dramatically in the last 100 years.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music
  • The role that music plays in society is largely a function of the

music-related technology that is used.

  • The role of music in American society has changed

dramatically in the last 100 years.

  • Recording technology is integral to the way in which we

now perceive, listen to, create, and function around music.

slide3
Music in a World Before Recordings
  • Music was inextricable from the live performance.
  • Listening to music was fundamentally a social activity.
slide4
The Dawn of an Era: The First Recording Technology
  • Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) invented a system for recording sound vibrations as engraved

grooves in a wax cylinder in 1877.

  • Shellac discs are developed in 1890’s and

become a standard medium for recording

  • and distribution.
slide5
The Dawn of an Era: The First Recording Technology
  • As recorded music developed a significant base of interest, record players became common household objects and listening to recordings at home became a social activity.
slide6
Early Musicians and Recording Technology
  • Recordings become a successful and lucrative

market for composers.

  • Composers would need to cater their music to the constraints of the recorded format to become more commercially viable.
slide7
Performers and Early Recording Technology
  • As the recording industry became a more important market, musicians around the turn of the century catered their technique to fit the limitations of recording technology
  • Bing Crosby and Les Paul

use tape recording and splicing

to create “perfect” radio shows

by editing out mistakes.

slide8
The Studio as a Creative Tool
  • Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) pioneered the use of recording equipment and media in creating new compositions out of various pieces of sound.
slide9
The Studio as a Creative Tool

MultiTracking

  • Layers (Tracks)
  • Equalization
  • Levels
slide10
The Studio as a Creative Tool

Studio Effects

  • Reverb

Diffusion of sound that creates the impression

of distance, space, or sustain.

  • Delay

Timed repetition of a sound that creates an

“echo”.

  • Flanging

A “swirling”, undulating effect created by off-setting a sound from itself.

  • Equalization/Filtering

Used to control the volume of certain frequency

ranges in a sound.

slide11
The Studio as a Creative Tool
  • Bands such as The Beatles pioneer the use of studio technique as a compositional method in the mid-60's.
  • Music becomes valued as a listening “experience”.
  • The “new sound” of popular music becomes the foundation of a music-oriented youth culture movement.
slide12
Amplification Technology and Performance
  • Performers such as Jimi

Hendrix use amplification

technology as a creative

element of their live music.

  • This expressive use of

technology in performance

has become an iconic part of

American culture.

slide13
Studio Technology and Musical Performance
  • DJs (Disc Jockeys)

manipulate existing

recordings of sound and

music in their live

performances.

slide14
Digital Technology and the Future Role of Music
  • Amateur recording technology has continually become

more powerful, affordable, and easy to use.

  • There are many means of music distribution available to

companies and amateurs.

  • CD’s
  • Digital computer formats
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