Computer terminology
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Computer Terminology …. Remember: Knowledge is Power!. A little about your computer …. Opening System in the Windows Control Panel will tell you a bit about your computer. CPU - Intel (manufacturer) Pentium (brand) 4 (version of chip) running at 2.80 GHz (speed).

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Computer terminology l.jpg

Computer Terminology …

Remember: Knowledge is Power!


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A little about your computer …

  • Opening System in the Windows Control Panel will tell you a bit about your computer.

  • CPU - Intel (manufacturer) Pentium (brand) 4 (version of chip) running at 2.80 GHz (speed).

  • 512 megabytes of RAM.

  • Operating System or OS – Microsoft Windows XP


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A little about your computer …

  • Case – the box that most people think of when you say the word "computer".

  • The case contains the motherboard.

  • The motherboard is where you will find the cpu and RAM.


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A little about your computer …

  • The cpu governs the speed of your computer. The number that is provided is the “clock frequency” of the chip. The higher the frequency, the more data gets processed.

  • CPU’s can get hot – really hot! So they often come with a fan or some other type of cooling.


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A little about your computer …

  • Your computer comes with onboard memory called RAM – Random Access Memory.

  • When you use a piece of software, the computer loads the data into its RAM first – that way it is accessed much faster.

  • The more RAM the better, since it is relatively cheap.


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A little about your computer …

  • Opening “My Computer” will tell you a bit more about your computer and its connections.

  • My computer has a “C:” drive with 37.2 GB memory.

  • It has an “A:” drive – a “floppy drive”

  • It has 2 CD drives

  • It is connected to many network drives.


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A little about your computer …

  • Memory / Storage

    • 1 byte

    • 1 Kilobyte or KB = 1000 bytes

    • 1 Megabyte or MB = 1,000,000 bytes

    • 1 Gigabyte or GB = 1,000,000,000 bytes

  • Floppy - 1.44 MB

  • CD - About 650 MB (600 floppy disks) or one album

  • DVD - Over 4 GB or one movie (or more!)

  • USB Flash Drive

    • Varies with size / less than 20$!!!

  • Hard Drive

    • Varies with size


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A little about your computer …

  • Keyboards, mice, monitors, and other “peripherals” are connected to the case via ports.

  • Common ports:

    • PS/2 – mouse or keyboard

    • VGA – monitor

    • Parallel – printer

    • Speaker / headset

  • USB port – used for almost everything these days (except for video)


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A little about your computer …

  • Output devices

    • Monitors

      • CRT / LCD

    • Printers

      • Inkjet / Laser

        (look for USB)

  • Input devices

    • Mouse (use optical)

    • Keyboard

    • Scanner


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A little about your computer …

Operating System (OS)

  • Windows 3.x

  • Windows 95,98,ME

  • Windows XP

  • Mac System 7,8,9,X

  • Some programs only compatible with certain OS (at a minimum).


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    A little about your computer …

    • Programs

      • Word Processing

      • Presentation

      • Graphics

      • Spreadsheet

      • Office suite (recommend Appleworks!)

    • Use MS Office or other programs on your school computer? - legally, you can install a copy at home!