Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century

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  1. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century Borders set by European Powers - somewhat arbitrary - little connection to ethnic and linguistic realities - accepted during decolonization - attitude during Cold War - attitude of new independent states - OAU - affirmed boundaries - why?

  2. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Modern State System - the sovereign nation-state - wielding absolute authority within recognized borders Helped reduce violence between states Did not help disputes within states – esp. w/oppressed minority groups

  3. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 U.S. and Europe - tried to establish Western-style democracy and secularism as formula for peace and tolerance - problem?

  4. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Many internal conflicts ex. Sri Lanka – - Hindu minority vs. Singalese speaking Buddhists ex. Hutu vs. Tutsi others: Indonesia, Eritrea/Ethiopia, India

  5. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Yugoslavia – post Eastern bloc - Slovenia, Croatia independence - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Kosovo

  6. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Yugoslavia – post Eastern bloc - Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992 - Muslim majority, Serbians, Croatian Catholics Serbs vs. Muslims = Ethnic Cleansing - Help for the Muslims? - 1995 – U.S. helps broker peace - Why so long?

  7. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Yugoslavia – post Eastern bloc - Kosovo - Serbs vs. Kosovars (Albanian speaking Muslims) - NATO attack - results - what next? Sudan? Turkey?

  8. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - post WWII - at first industrialized economies grew - profits reinvested - Korean War in 1950s - American stimulus to Japanese economy - Vietnam in 1960s - American stimulus to Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan

  9. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - After 1974 - oil producing companies become wealthy - Major debt issues - Mexico, Brazil

  10. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - Collapse of the Soviet Union - newly independent republics needed help - Southeast Asia boomed - rapid growth for Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia

  11. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - Problem of failing nations? -Whose responsibility? - U.S. helping Mexico - World Bank, International Monetary Fund - conditional assistance

  12. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - Economic sanctions - attempt to change policies - ex. South Africa - others?

  13. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Global Economy - World Trade Organization - reduce trade barriers - opposition

  14. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000 Sept. 11 and Terrorism - Terrorism ideology - provoke harsh reprisals or demonstrate gov. incompetence so people would look to terrorists for leadership - role of television

  15. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Sept. 11, 2001 - Bin Laden - anger towards U.S. (1st Gulf War) U.S. response vs. Afghanistan Taliban Bin Laden - jihad vs. U.S., Israel and any other non-Muslim enemy U.S. foreign policy - criticism

  16. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Issue of Nuclear Non-proliferation - India / Pakistan - North Korea, Iraq

  17. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Human Rights - tricky – Pres. Carter / Shah of Iran U.N. Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 - roots in European and US history - major ideas - how universal?

  18. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Nongovernmenal Organizations (NGOs) - focus on agreed upon violations Western Criticism vs. Reverse Criticism

  19. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Women’s Rights - 1960s - revived energy – esp. in US - focus: - equal access to educ. and jobs - quality of life: - ending of sexual exploitation etc. - at same time: - sexuality more prominent in society

  20. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Western vs. Non-Western World 1970s International Conferences Overall improvement toward gender equality - education, employment, political participation, control of fertility

  21. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture - cultural imperialism or diversity of voices? Critics - US exportations of movies, TV - lifestyle - products, advertising

  22. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Movies - US films vs. artistic films - Hollywood, Bolleywood TV around the world - US programming vs. State-run Satellite TV - CNN, MTV etc.

  23. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Computers - then digital television etc. - Internet in 1980s

  24. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: High Culture vs. Popular Culture - Pablo Picasso borrowing from other cultures Music - phonograph in 1878 – Thomas Edison - jazz – 1920s – 1950s - rock ‘n’ roll – 1950s - Beatles – 1960s

  25. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Worldwide consumer culture / Globalization - U.S. - Levis, Coca-cola etc. - Japan - Sony, Sanyo etc. - European - Nestle, Mercedes etc. Critics of Globalization - destroy local crafts, businesses etc.

  26. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Globalization - “brain drain” - English as a global second language

  27. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Architecture - International Style – 1920s on - Postmodernism - abandoning the rigid rules - also seen in dance, music, literature, and cultural theory

  28. Ch. 35 - The End of a Global Century1991-2000+ Global Culture: Western vs. Japanese view - individual initiative vs. fitting into a group - Japanese success Industrialization vs. Information technology in 21st century