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African-American History Month. Did you know?. The lives of Black Americans were not studied or included in history until the early 1900’s In 1915 Dr. Carter G. Woodson started the “Association of Negro Life and History”. Did you also know….

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did you know
Did you know?
  • The lives of Black Americans were not studied or included in history until the early 1900’s
  • In 1915 Dr. Carter G. Woodson started the “Association of Negro Life and History”
did you also know
Did you also know…
  • In 1926 as a forum to share information Dr. Woodson started, “Negro History Week”
  • The second week in February was chosen to honor Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglas whose birth dates are that week
slide4

By the 1970’s the week long celebration became a month long celebration of African-American accomplishments and contributions to society and the world.

slide5

Fostering environments that are inclusive and welcoming include being aware of, celebrating, and recognizing the contributions of all people and cultures.

slide6

Benjamin Banneker

Inventor, Agriculturalist,

Writer, City Planner

* Born in 1731 near Baltimore, Maryland, the son of a slave

* After studying a wrist watch, Banneker built the first clock ever in

the United States.

* Grew grain in previously barren areas to feed American troops

during the Revolutionary War

* Developed his first almanac, predicting weather/seasonal changes

* Extremely involved in the initial layout of streets and buildings in

Washington D.C.

slide7

George Washington Carver, Jr.

Former Slave, Educator, Scientist

* B.S. from Iowa State College in Agriculture (1894): M.S. (1896)

* His research developed 325 products from peanuts, 108

applications for sweet potatoes, and 75 products from pecans.

* He developed 118 industrial applications from agricultural

products, including a rubber substitute and over 500

dyes/pigments from 28 different plants.

slide8

Ida Stephens Owen

Biochemist

* Received Ph.D. in Biology-Physiology from Duke University in 1967.

* At the National Institutes of Health (NIH) she conducts studies in

the genetics of detoxification enzymes, research that is aimed at

shedding light on how the human body defends itself against poison.

* Currently is with the Section of Genetic Disorders of Drug

Metabolism, National Institute of Child Health and Human

Development

slide9

Charles Henry Turner

Zoologist and Entomologist

* Credited for being the first researcher to prove that insects can

hear and can also distinguish pitch

* His research determined that roaches can learn by trial and error

* This exploration into insect learning systems gave Turner the

distinction of being an authority on behavioral patterns of ants

and spiders.

slide10

Norbert Rillieux

Sugar Chemist and Inventor

* Invented a sugar refining process that reduced the time, cost, and

safety risk involved in producing sugar from cane and beets.

* "It was stated by Charles Brown, a chemist in the US Department

of Agriculture, that [Rillieux's invention of the sugar processing pan]

was the greatest invention in the history of American Chemical

Engineering." (Simmons)

slide11

Joseph Lee

Inventor

* Born in 1849 and lived most of his life in Boston, becoming very

prominent in the food services industry

* Invented and patented a device to automate tearing, crumbling

and grinding bread into bread crumbs thus using bread that would

have been wasted

* Invented the first automatic bread making machine

slide12

Ernest Everett Just

Zoologist, Biologist, Physiologist,

Research Scientist

* Graduated from Dartmouth College in 1907 with special honors in

botany and sociology.

* In 1924 Dr. Just was selected by a group of German biologists to

contribute to a monograph on fertilization.

* His inherent ability, scientific training, creative imagination, and

industry were the basis for success in his field of zoology.

slide13

Lloyd Augustus Hall

Chemist and Inventor

* Responsible for the meat curing products, seasonings, emulsions,

bakery products, antioxidants, protein hydrolysates, and many

other products to retain food freshness and flavor

* After his retirement, be became a consultant to the Food and

Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

slide14

Henry Blair

Inventor

* The second Black inventor issued a patent by the United States

Patent Office

* His first invention was a seed planter which enabled farmers to

plant more corn utilizing less labor in a smaller period of time.

* Two years later, in 1836, Blair received a second patent for a corn

harvester.

slide15

Granville T. Woods

Inventor

* Patented over 35 electrical and mechanical inventions.

* Born in Columbus, Ohio in April 23, 1856, Woods literally learned

his skills on the job.

* Woods invented the Synchonous Multiplex Railway Telegraph which

allowed trains to communicate with stations, averting many

accidents.

* Other inventions included egg incubators and advancements on

air brakes.

slide16

Leon Raymon Roddy

Entomologist

* Born in 1922 and received his Bachelor of Science from

Texas College and a Ph.D. from Ohio State University.

* Professor at Southern University, Baton Rouge. Louisiana.

* His research interest is the classifications of spiders.

slide17

George Murray

Teacher, Farmer, Land Developer & Inventor

* Born in South Carolina in 1853 and spent his first 13 years as

a slave

* Attended South Carolina University and the State Normal Institute

* For the next 20 years served as a teacher and customs inspector

* Elected as U.S. Congressman in 1892

* Secured patents for 8 inventions, including cultivating and fertilizing

equipment and a cotton chopper