Prototype Training Course on Water Affairs Monday-Thursday, 4-7 December 2006 Water Resources University Hanoi, Vietnam Sponsored by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
REGIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ON WATER AFFAIRS(Hanoi, Viet Nam, 4 to 7 December 2006)Participants (excludes organizers and Vietnamese participant names) • BANGLADESH Mr Sazedul Karim Chowdhury • INDIA Mr Ramesh Gupta • INDONESIA Mr Basuki Basuki • LAO, PDR Mr Vinliam Bounlom • MALAYSIA Ms Atikah Binti Shafie • Mr Osman Salleh Khairulmaini • MYANMAR Mr Khin Maung Thein • NEPAL Mr Keshav P. Sharma • PAKISTAN Mr Syed Pervaiz Hussain • PHILIPPINES Mr Wilfredo Tuazon • SRI LANKA Mr Imiya Pathirannahalage Ajith Gunasekara • THAILAND Mr Masthawee Fatah
Monday, 4 December 9:00am - 9:30am: Introduction to the Prototype Training Course on "Water Affairs" Why Water Affairs? Why Now? 9:30am - 10:30 am: Round Table Introduction of Participants 10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK 11:00am – 11:30pm: Introduction to Water Affairs 11:30am – 12:15pm: Water Science 12:15pm - 1:30pm — LUNCH 1:30pm - 2:15pm: Water Impacts on Ecosystems: Managed and Unmanaged 2:15 – 3:15: Water Impacts on Society 3:15pm – 3:45pm — BREAK 3:45 – 4:30: Problem Climates and Problem Societies Contributing to the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) 4:30 – 5:00PM: Q&A Tuesday, 5 December 9:00am – 10:00am: Water Policy and Law 10:00am - 11:00am: Water Politics: National and International 11:00am - 11:30am — BREAK 11:30am - 12:30pm: Water Economics 12:30pm - 2:00pm — LUNCH 2:00pm - 5:00pm: Free Afternoon 7:30pm - 9:30pm: Evening Session: Participants’ Country Presentations Wednesday, 6 December 8:30am - 9:30am: Variability and Extremes: Case Studies I: Too Much Water - Flood Management 9:30am - 10:30am: Case Studies II: Two Little Water Low Rainfall Areas: Droughts and Dry Spells 10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK 11:00am - 1:00pm: Water and Climate Change: Tropical Storms, Shifts in Rainfall Patterns, Glacier Melt, Seasonality Changes 1:00pm - 2:00pm — LUNCH 2:00pm - 3:00pm: Water Ethics and Equity: Precautionary Principle, "Polluter Pays" Principle, Upstream vs. Downstream 3:00pm - 4:00pm: El Niño, La Niña Forecasts, and Downstream Impacts 4:00pm - 4:30pm — BREAK 4:30pm - 5:15: Geo-engineering for Water Resources Thursday, 7 December 8:30am - 9:15am: Water Resources and Sustainable Development of Water Resources in Dong Nai River Basin – Rector, Water Resources University 9:15am - 9:30am: Role & Management of National Hydrologic Services (NHSs) 9:30am - 10:30am: Socioeconomic Benefits of NHSs in Theory and Practice 10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK 11:00am - 12:00pm: Review of the Water Affairs Approach to Training 12:00 - 1:30pm — LUNCH 1:30pm – 5:00pm: Site Visit for Water Technology: Irrigation, Dams and reservoirs, River Diversions Adjourn Agenda
Brief Intro to WATER AFFAIRS "... in the 21st Century we have to develop an integrated approach across the disciplines to understand the complexity of water issues worldwide.” Dr. Rita Colwell, former US NSF Director “… In case after case, the story of water scarcity has been a story of greed, of careless technologies, and of taking more than nature can replenish or clean up.” Dr. Vandana Shiva, “water wars”, Environmentalist
Monday, 4 December 9:00 – 9:30am • Introduction to the Prototype Training Course on “Water Affairs” • Why Water Affairs? • Why Now?
Something to think about Most people still think of water as abundant and renewable. It isn’t. Statistics show the opposite to be true. P. Allison, Global Water Intelligence
Nice phrase • But, what does it really mean? And … • What’s going on upstream? • Why care?
Departments of Water Affairs • South Africa Ministry of Water Affairs and Forestry • Botswana Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Affairs • Angola Energy and Water Affairs Ministry • Namibia Department of Water Affairs • Lesotho Department of Water Affairs What do African governments know about the importance of water that others don’t?
The 20th CENTURY'S TOP GLOBAL WEATHER, WATER and CLIMATE EVENTSNOAA’s list (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) • Yangtze River Flood, China, 1931– North Vietnam Flood, 1971– Great Iran Flood, 1954– Bangladesh Cyclone, 1970– Bangladesh Cyclone, 1991– China Typhoons, 1912, 1922– Hurricane Mitch, Honduras & Nicaragua, 1998– Typhoon Vera, Japan, 1958– Typhoon Thelma, Philippines, 1991– Asian Droughts (India 1900,1907,1965-67; China 1907,1928-30,1936,1941-42; and Soviet Union 1921-22)– Sahel Drought, Africa, 1910-1914, 1940-44, 1970-85– Iran Blizzard ,1972– Europe Storm Surge, 1953– Great Smog of London, 1952– El Niño, 1982-83 -- El Niño, 1997-98
Weather, water and climate stories are popular news items Water: worldwide use & misuse
India's heatwaveBBC News (Monday, 24 April, 2000) • “Millions of Indians are struggling to cope with extreme heat. The people of Gujurat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra face severe food and water shortages with temperatures expected to exceed 45C”
Like it or not …Climate, Water and Weather are integrally linked • Scientists separate these for research purposes • Societies separate them for administrative purposes Nature does neither
Monday, 4 December 9:30am – 10:30am RoundTable Participant Introductions www.isc-austin.org/
Monday, 4 December 11:00am – 11:30 am Water Affairs: An overview Water scarcity: Yet another inconvenient truth
Objective of Water Affairs • Foster multidisciplinary focus on water issues and water-related issues • Embed hydrological science in its societal setting • Educate educators and train trainers in a wide range of areas about the hidden as well as obvious connections among water, atmospheric processes and human activities • Distinguish between wants and needs • Build human and institutional capacity to cope with a wide range of water and water-related issues • Catalyze interactions among the water, weather and climate applications, research and outreach communities
Water Affairs:the societal setting • Precipitation, surface and ground water as resources • Water as hazard • Inter-linkages among climate, water and weather • Cannot talk about climate without talking about water • Cannot talk about water without talking about climate or weather
Water Affairs as a Program(the purpose) • Encourage education on water and water-related issues for educators, trainers and their students and for people in water-sensitive sectors already in the workforce • Understandhow climate affects water resources • Understand how society affects water resources • Understand how water affects societies • Bridge the water and climate research and science application communities • Bridge research communities focused on climate variability and on climate change
Water Affairs: Why now? • Water Issues: increasingly important to regional organizations, governments, the public • Perceptions and reality of water availability: water resources are becoming more scarce around the globe; many people in the developing world do not have access to clean (potable) water concerns about water-related hotspots • Global Warming and the hydrologic cycle: looming throughout the 21st century; where will it get drier and where will it get wetter? Where will there be surplus and where will there be shortages?
Tactical Reasons for Societal Concern about Water • Droughts, Floods and Forest & Bush fires • Cyclones, Typhoons, Hurricanes and Landfall • Existing inequalities in access to clean water • Water-related Infectious Diseases • Global Warming and shifting local and regional water patterns • Seasonal and Extremes
Strategic Reasons for Societal Concern about Water • Food Production & Security • Flood recession farming • Groundwater and boreholes • Water Resources • For settlements • For drinking • for industrial and municipal use • for irrigation and for hydropower • Water Hazards • Rainfall and water- and vector-borne diseases • Flooding and Public Safety • Economic impacts associated with floods • Environment: salt water intrusion, groundwater recharge
Four aspects of concern about water timing quality space … and seasonality
Water Affairs: the time dimension Water Variability (daily, seasonal to inter-annual) Water Fluctuations (decade scale variability) Water Change (new global atmoshperic/hydrological state) Extreme Hydrologic Events (torrential rains, flash floods, floods) Seasonality of Water (shift in seasonal precipitation, streamflow and runoff patterns, and in societal demands)
Water Affairs: the space dimension • Rivers and Streams • Lakes, seas and inland water bodies • Aquifers • River basins • within country • between countries • Transboundary watercourses • Upstream - Downstream issues • Continental water balance • Global hydrologic cycle Move people to water or move water to people?
Yellow River Turns Red In Northwest China (October 23, 2006) • Beijing (Xinhua News) • A stretch of China's Yellow River has turned red near a major industrial city, with environmental officials suspecting local heating companies of being behind the spill... A one-kilometer (0.62 miles) section of the river in Lanzhou city, in northwest China's Gansu province, began turning red on Sunday afternoon. TerraDaily
Water Affairs: the quality dimension • Sources of toxic substances • Recipients of toxic substances • Impacts on • Ecological health • Human health • PrecautionaryPrinciple • Transboundary conflicts
How climate affects timing, location and quality of water • Expected variability • Seasonal • Inter-annual • Decade scale changes • e.g., Colorado River (1922 to present) • Extreme meteorological events • Changes in seasonal behavior • Droughts and floods • High temperatures • Increased evaporation • Increased water demands
Water Affairs: Aspects WATER & • Water, Weather & Climate Sciences • Water Impacts • On ecosystems • On societies • Water Policy & Law • Water Politics • Water Economics • Water Technology& Technique • Water Ethics & Equity
Monday, 4 December 11:30am – 12:15pm Water Science • The Hydrologic Cycle • Seasonality
Monday, 4 December 1:30pm – 2:15pm Water Impacts on Ecosystems: • Managed • Unmanaged
Monday, 4 December 2:15pm – 3:15pm Water Impacts on Society The hydrologic cycle reconsidered Are there Human impacts on the hydrologic cycle??
Monday, 4 December 3:45pm – 4:30pm Problem Climate or Problem Societies? Contributing to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Haze from Indonesian rainforest fires, ‘97
Monday, 4 December 4:30pm – 5:00pm Q&A (Questions and Answers) Amazon.com
Tuesday, 5 December 9:00am – 10:00am Water Policy & Law www.inra.org
Tuesday, 5 December 10:00am – 11:00am Water Politics: National and International