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Prototype Training Course on Water Affairs Monday-Thursday, 4-7 December 2006 Water Resources University Hanoi, Vietnam Sponsored by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

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Prototype Training Course on Water Affairs


4-7 December 2006

Water Resources University

Hanoi, Vietnam

Sponsored by

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)


National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

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REGIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOP ON WATER AFFAIRS(Hanoi, Viet Nam, 4 to 7 December 2006)Participants (excludes organizers and Vietnamese participant names)

  • BANGLADESH Mr Sazedul Karim Chowdhury

  • INDIA Mr Ramesh Gupta

  • INDONESIA Mr Basuki Basuki

  • LAO, PDR Mr Vinliam Bounlom

  • MALAYSIA Ms Atikah Binti Shafie

  • Mr Osman Salleh Khairulmaini

  • MYANMAR Mr Khin Maung Thein

  • NEPAL Mr Keshav P. Sharma

  • PAKISTAN Mr Syed Pervaiz Hussain

  • PHILIPPINES Mr Wilfredo Tuazon

  • SRI LANKA Mr Imiya Pathirannahalage Ajith Gunasekara

  • THAILAND Mr Masthawee Fatah

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Monday, 4 December

9:00am - 9:30am: Introduction to the Prototype Training Course on "Water Affairs" Why Water Affairs? Why Now?

9:30am - 10:30 am: Round Table Introduction of Participants

10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK

11:00am – 11:30pm: Introduction to Water Affairs

11:30am – 12:15pm: Water Science

12:15pm - 1:30pm — LUNCH

1:30pm - 2:15pm: Water Impacts on Ecosystems: Managed and Unmanaged

2:15 – 3:15: Water Impacts on Society

3:15pm – 3:45pm — BREAK

3:45 – 4:30: Problem Climates and Problem Societies Contributing to the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals)

4:30 – 5:00PM: Q&A

Tuesday, 5 December

9:00am – 10:00am: Water Policy and Law

10:00am - 11:00am: Water Politics: National and International

11:00am - 11:30am — BREAK

11:30am - 12:30pm: Water Economics

12:30pm - 2:00pm — LUNCH

2:00pm - 5:00pm: Free Afternoon

7:30pm - 9:30pm: Evening Session: Participants’ Country Presentations

Wednesday, 6 December

8:30am - 9:30am: Variability and Extremes:

Case Studies I: Too Much Water - Flood Management

9:30am - 10:30am: Case Studies II: Two Little Water Low Rainfall Areas: Droughts and Dry Spells

10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK

11:00am - 1:00pm: Water and Climate Change: Tropical Storms, Shifts in Rainfall Patterns, Glacier Melt, Seasonality Changes

1:00pm - 2:00pm — LUNCH

2:00pm - 3:00pm: Water Ethics and Equity: Precautionary Principle, "Polluter Pays" Principle, Upstream vs. Downstream

3:00pm - 4:00pm: El Niño, La Niña Forecasts, and Downstream Impacts

4:00pm - 4:30pm — BREAK

4:30pm - 5:15: Geo-engineering for Water Resources

Thursday, 7 December

8:30am - 9:15am: Water Resources and Sustainable Development of Water Resources in Dong Nai River Basin – Rector, Water Resources University

9:15am - 9:30am: Role & Management of National Hydrologic Services (NHSs)

9:30am - 10:30am: Socioeconomic Benefits of NHSs in Theory and Practice

10:30am - 11:00am — BREAK

11:00am - 12:00pm: Review of the Water Affairs Approach to Training

12:00 - 1:30pm — LUNCH

1:30pm – 5:00pm: Site Visit for Water Technology: Irrigation, Dams and reservoirs, River Diversions



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Brief Intro to WATER AFFAIRS

"... in the 21st Century we have to develop an integrated approach across the disciplines to understand the complexity of water issues worldwide.” Dr. Rita Colwell, former US NSF Director

“… In case after case, the story of water scarcity has been a story of greed, of careless technologies, and of taking more than nature can replenish or clean up.”

Dr. Vandana Shiva, “water wars”, Environmentalist

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Monday, 4 December

9:00 – 9:30am

  • Introduction to the Prototype Training Course on “Water Affairs”

  • Why Water Affairs?

  • Why Now?

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Something to think about

Most people still think of water as abundant and renewable.

It isn’t.

Statistics show

the opposite to be true.

P. Allison, Global Water Intelligence

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Nice phrase

  • But, what does it really mean?

    And …

  • What’s going on upstream?

  • Why care?

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Departments of Water Affairs

  • South Africa Ministry of Water Affairs and Forestry

  • Botswana Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Affairs

  • Angola Energy and Water Affairs Ministry

  • Namibia Department of Water Affairs

  • Lesotho Department of Water Affairs

What do African governments know about the importance of water that others don’t?

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The 20th CENTURY'S TOP GLOBAL WEATHER, WATER and CLIMATE EVENTSNOAA’s list (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)

  • Yangtze River Flood, China, 1931– North Vietnam Flood, 1971– Great Iran Flood, 1954– Bangladesh Cyclone, 1970– Bangladesh Cyclone, 1991– China Typhoons, 1912, 1922– Hurricane Mitch, Honduras & Nicaragua, 1998– Typhoon Vera, Japan, 1958– Typhoon Thelma, Philippines, 1991– Asian Droughts (India 1900,1907,1965-67; China 1907,1928-30,1936,1941-42; and Soviet Union 1921-22)– Sahel Drought, Africa, 1910-1914, 1940-44, 1970-85– Iran Blizzard ,1972– Europe Storm Surge, 1953– Great Smog of London, 1952– El Niño, 1982-83

    -- El Niño, 1997-98

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Weather, water and climate stories are popular news items

Water: worldwide use & misuse

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Local weather-related extremes(everywhere and all the time)

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Region-wide weather extremes(European Heat Wave 2003)

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India's heatwaveBBC News (Monday, 24 April, 2000)

  • “Millions of Indians are struggling to cope with extreme heat. The people of Gujurat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra face severe food and water shortages with temperatures expected to exceed 45C”

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Global warming & climate, water and weather

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Like it or not …Climate, Water and Weather are integrally linked

  • Scientists separate these for

    research purposes

  • Societies separate them for administrative purposes

Nature does neither

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Monday, 4 December

9:30am – 10:30am




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Monday, 4 December

11:00am – 11:30 am

Water Affairs:

An overview

Water scarcity: Yet another inconvenient truth

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Objective of Water Affairs

  • Foster multidisciplinary focus on water issues and water-related issues

  • Embed hydrological science in its societal setting

  • Educate educators and train trainers in a wide range of areas about the hidden as well as obvious connections among water, atmospheric processes and human activities

    • Distinguish between wants and needs

  • Build human and institutional capacity to cope with a wide range of water and water-related issues

  • Catalyze interactions among the water, weather and climate applications, research and outreach communities

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Water Affairs:the societal setting

  • Precipitation, surface and ground water as resources

  • Water as hazard

  • Inter-linkages among climate, water and weather

    • Cannot talk about climate without talking about water

    • Cannot talk about water without talking about climate or weather

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Water Affairs as a Program(the purpose)

  • Encourage education on water and water-related issues for educators, trainers and their students and for people in water-sensitive sectors already in the workforce

  • Understandhow climate affects water resources

  • Understand how society affects water resources

  • Understand how water affects societies

  • Bridge the water and climate research and science application communities

  • Bridge research communities focused on climate variability and on climate change

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Water Affairs: Why now?

  • Water Issues:

    increasingly important to regional organizations, governments, the public

  • Perceptions and reality of water availability:

    water resources are becoming more scarce around the globe; many people in the developing world do not have access to clean (potable) water

    concerns about water-related hotspots

  • Global Warming and the hydrologic cycle:

    looming throughout the 21st century; where will it get drier and where will it get wetter? Where will there be surplus and where will there be shortages?

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Tactical Reasons for Societal Concern about Water

  • Droughts, Floods and Forest & Bush fires

  • Cyclones, Typhoons, Hurricanes and Landfall

  • Existing inequalities in access to clean water

  • Water-related Infectious Diseases

  • Global Warming and shifting local and regional water patterns

    • Seasonal and Extremes

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Strategic Reasons for Societal Concern about Water

  • Food Production & Security

    • Flood recession farming

    • Groundwater and boreholes

  • Water Resources

    • For settlements

    • For drinking

    • for industrial and municipal use

    • for irrigation and for hydropower

  • Water Hazards

    • Rainfall and water- and vector-borne diseases

    • Flooding and Public Safety

    • Economic impacts associated with floods

    • Environment: salt water intrusion, groundwater recharge

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    Four aspects of concern about water




    … and seasonality

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    Water Affairs: the time dimension

    Water Variability

    (daily, seasonal to inter-annual)

    Water Fluctuations

    (decade scale variability)

    Water Change

    (new global atmoshperic/hydrological state)

    Extreme Hydrologic Events

    (torrential rains, flash floods, floods)

    Seasonality of Water

    (shift in seasonal precipitation, streamflow and runoff patterns, and in societal demands)

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    Bringing water to the people in the desert (e.g., Central Asia)

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    Water Affairs: the space dimension

    • Rivers and Streams

    • Lakes, seas and inland water bodies

    • Aquifers

    • River basins

      • within country

      • between countries

    • Transboundary watercourses

      • Upstream - Downstream issues

    • Continental water balance

    • Global hydrologic cycle

      Move people to water or move water to people?

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    Yellow River Turns Red In Northwest China (October 23, 2006)

    • Beijing (Xinhua News)

      • A stretch of China's Yellow River has turned red near a major industrial city, with environmental officials suspecting local heating companies of being behind the spill... A one-kilometer (0.62 miles) section of the river in Lanzhou city, in northwest China's Gansu province, began turning red on Sunday afternoon.


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    Water Affairs: the quality dimension

    • Sources of toxic substances

    • Recipients of toxic substances

    • Impacts on

      • Ecological health

      • Human health

    • PrecautionaryPrinciple

    • Transboundary conflicts

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    How climate affects timing, location and quality of water

    • Expected variability

      • Seasonal

      • Inter-annual

    • Decade scale changes

      • e.g., Colorado River (1922 to present)

    • Extreme meteorological events

    • Changes in seasonal behavior

      • Droughts and floods

    • High temperatures

      • Increased evaporation

      • Increased water demands

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    Water Affairs: Aspects

    WATER &

    • Water, Weather & Climate Sciences

    • Water Impacts

      • On ecosystems

      • On societies

    • Water Policy & Law

    • Water Politics

    • Water Economics

    • Water Technology& Technique

    • Water Ethics & Equity

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    Monday, 4 December

    11:30am – 12:15pm

    Water Science

    • The Hydrologic Cycle

    • Seasonality

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    Monday, 4 December

    1:30pm – 2:15pm

    Water Impacts on Ecosystems:

    • Managed

    • Unmanaged

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    Monday, 4 December

    2:15pm – 3:15pm

    Water Impacts

    on Society

    The hydrologic cycle reconsidered

    Are there Human impacts on the hydrologic cycle??

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    Monday, 4 December

    3:45pm – 4:30pm

    Problem Climate or Problem Societies?

    Contributing to Millennium Development

    Goals (MDGs)

    Haze from Indonesian rainforest fires, ‘97

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    Monday, 4 December

    4:30pm – 5:00pm


    (Questions and Answers)

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    Tuesday, 5 December

    9:00am – 10:00am

    Water Policy & Law

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    Tuesday, 5 December

    10:00am – 11:00am

    Water Politics:

    National and International

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    Tuesday, 5 December

    11:30am – 12:30pm

    Water Economics

    Virtual Water


    “Water flows uphill to money” (anonymous)

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    Tuesday, 5 December

    7:30pm – 9:30pm

    Evening Session

    Participants’ Country Presentations

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    How good are Forecasts? Riding the Variability Curves

    • The benefits in the form of gains or in minimizing losses can be improved if it were possible to ‘ride’ the variability curve from season to season or year to year.

    • By that I mean a perfect forecast would allow people to prepare well in advance for shifts in climate conditions, lowering stock rates on rangelands, planting appropriate grains (short, long season or drought tolerant varieties), altering seasonal fishing pressure of fish stocks, manufacturing clothing in proper amounts based on expected seasonal anomalies, and so forth.

    • Is a perfect forecast what you want?

      • If so, for whom?

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    Wednesday, 6 December

    8:30am – 9:30am

    Variability and Extremes:

    Case Studies I:

    Too Much Water

    • Flood Management

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    Wednesday, 6 December

    9:30am – 10:30am

    Case Studies II:

    Too Little Water

    • Low Rainfall Areas

    • Droughts and Dry Spells


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    Wednesday, 6 December

    11:00am – 1:00pm

    Water and Climate Change

    • Tropical Storms

    • Shifts in Rainfall Patterns

    • Glacier Melt

    • Seasonality Changes

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    Wednesday, 6 December

    2:00pm – 3:00pm

    Water Ethics and Equity

    • Precautionary Principle

    • “Polluter Pays” Principle

    • Upstream vs. Downstream

    • Nature’s Bank

    • Water as a Human Right

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    Wednesday, 6 December

    3:00pm – 4:00pm

    El Niño & La Niña Forecasts, and Downstream Impacts

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    Wednesday, 6 December

    4:30pm – 5:15pm

    Geo-Engineering for Water Resources

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    Thursday, 7 December

    8:30am – 9:15am

    Water Resources and Sustainable Development of Water Resources in Dong Nai River Basin

    Presentation by Prof. Dao Xuan Hoc, Rector

    Water Resources University (Hanoi, Vietnam)

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    Thursday, 7 December

    9:15am – 9:30am

    Role and Management of National Hydrologic Services (NHSs)

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    Thursday, 7 December

    9:30am – 10:30am

    Socioeconomic Benefits of National Hydrdologic Services (NHSs)

    in Theory and in Practice

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    Thursday, 7 December

    11:00am – 12:00pm

    Review and Q & A:

    “Water Affairs” as an Approach to Training, Education and Awareness-raising

    on water, climate and weather issues

    of concern to societies now and in the future

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    Thursday, 7 December

    1:30pm – 5:00pm

    Site Visit for Water

    • Irrigation

    • Dams and Reservoirs

    • River Diversion

    • Dyke Systems

    Dam construction. Vietnam