Visiting Gardens Objective: Expose students to professional garden designs as a reference and source of inspiration.
University of Illinois Arboretum • Established in 1998 • Purpose • To serve as a teaching laboratory • Conserve _______________________ • Conduct research on horticultural plants • Public demonstration • Components • Tree plantings • Japan Cultural House • Hartley Trial Garden • Master Gardener IDEA Demonstration Garden
Japan House and Tree Plantings • Japan House • Includes a formal Japanese garden • Rock and sand sculpture • Fish ponds • Bridges • _______________________ trees • A traditional ceremonial structure • Hold tea ceremonies • Contain traditional Japanese decor and architecture • Tree Plantings • Permanent elements of the arboretum • Nut grove • Ornamental tree and hedge rows
Hartley Trial Garden • Used to demonstrate and evaluate annual flowers • Part of the All-American Trials • Nation-wide trial of annual cultivars to determine a best overall performance for every climate • Not necessarily the best performing cultivars for your area, but best in terms of every represented climate in the U.S. • A formalized garden design • Symmetry • Paths • Focal point and perspective • Arbors • Benches
Master Gardener IDEA Demonstration Garden • Who are Master Gardeners? • Volunteers with the U of I Extension who undergo _________________________ in horticulture ~ formally certified as “Master Gardeners” • Answer _________________________questions • Conduct volunteer activities in the community, including summer demonstrations at the IDEA Garden Questions on home gardens? Ask the Master Gardeners.
Formal Garden Design • 4-Squares Design • Based on the intersection of two major paths within a _______________________ enclosed area • 4 equal areas allow crop rotation • Enclosed by a fence, wall, or shrubs • Traditional design for kitchen gardens dating back to middle ages • IDEA Garden is a modification on the 4-Squares design • Not a true kitchen garden • Plantings outside ____________________________ not common
Important Features • Fence or walls • Define boundaries of the garden • Protection against animals and wind • Paths • Determine a reference point for other garden features • Covered with wood chips or bricks to prevent weeds and allow access • Raised beds • Water source • Focal point -usually a structure in the center • ________________________ - show detailed information • Inter-planting and _________________________ planting