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United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Why?. “Bring to life the brutality of the Holocaust and movingly illustrate the terrible fate of Jews in World War II Nazi Germany.” . Goals. “Document, study, and interpret the history of the Holocaust” Memorial to millions of Jews killed in Holocaust

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Why?
  • “Bring to life the brutality of the Holocaust and movingly illustrate the terrible fate of Jews in World War II Nazi Germany.”
goals
Goals
  • “Document, study, and interpret the history of the Holocaust”
  • Memorial to millions of Jews killed in Holocaust
  • Committee on Conscience:

genocide research

the beginning
The beginning…
  • October ’78
  • President Carter – Holocaust miniseries
  • Consults advisors
result
Result:
  • 60-member commission formed
  • Chairman: Elie Wiesel,

Holocaust survivor

controversy
Controversy

No need for memorial:

U.S. was not involved in the Holocaust

vs.

“There has to be a place that generates a pulse continuously about these kind of issues [oppression].”

- Mark Talisman, founding

vice-chairman of museum

plans made
Plans made…
  • Congress approved project - 1981
  • Architect chosen: James Ingo Freed
  • Freed witnessed Kristallnacht as young

boy

  • Moved to United States

- Studied architecture

- Worked on many notable

architectural projects

freed s vision
Freed’s vision…

“The intent of the building is to be a resonator of your own imagery, of your own memory.”

freed s design
Freed’s design
  • Visited Auschwitz and designed the museum with institutional concrete – glass, steel, stark, gray

– like a concentration camp

  • Hexagon shape –

like the Jewish star

outside vs inside
Outside vs. Inside
  • Exterior: clean lines,

like nearby buildings

  • Interior: sometimes

“claustrophobic,” sometimes “soaringly majestic” to elicit emotional response

upon entering
Upon entering…
  • Each visitor receives a different card – each card shows a different Jewish person involved in the Holocaust
four floors trace history of holocaust
Four Floors Trace history of Holocaust

4th floor – beginning :1933-1940

Early years of Nazi rule

Exclusion of Jews from society

and buildup to World War II

third floor
Third Floor
  • “Final Solution”
  • 1940 – 1945
  • Concentration camps, killing centers, ghettos, transport boxcar
second floor
Second Floor
  • Hall of Remembrance

Post-war years:

resistance, rescue, liberation

first floor
First Floor
  • Hall of Witness:

Testimony of Holocaust survivors

a reminder of why
A reminder of WHY

“We must make sure that from now until the end of days all humankind stares this evil in the face…and only then can we be sure it will never arise again.”

- President Ronald Reagan: Remarks at the site of the future United States Holocaust Museum,

October 5, 1988