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Types of Crime. By Felix Romero. Introduction. There are six main types of crime: Crimes Against Persons Crimes Against Habitation Crimes Against Property Crimes Against Morality Modern Crimes Consensual Crimes. Crimes Against Persons. Also known as “violent crimes”

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Types of crime l.jpg

Types of Crime

By Felix Romero


Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

  • There are six main types of crime:

    • Crimes Against Persons

    • Crimes Against Habitation

    • Crimes Against Property

    • Crimes Against Morality

    • Modern Crimes

    • Consensual Crimes


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Crimes Against Persons

  • Also known as “violent crimes”

  • There are five major types that the FBI measures (Territo 2004):

    • Battery: Unlawful application of force by a person on another.

    • Homicide: The killing of one human being by another.

    • Hate Crimes: Can be defined as an offense motivated by hatred against a victim because of his or her race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, handicap, or national origin.

    • Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without her consent with the intent to rape.


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Crimes Against Persons Con.’t

  • The fifth type of crime against persons is assault.

  • Two different types (Territo 2004):

    • Attempted Battery: Engagement in conduct that comes reasonable close to committing a battery, having the present ability to succeed in committing the battery, and intending to commit the battery.

    • Intentionally Placing Another in Fear: The placing of another person in fear that he or she will receive an immediate battery; the victim must be in fact apprehensive; the conduct must be sufficient so as to create apprehension in a reasonable person; and the defendant had the intent to create that apprehension.


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Crimes Against Habitation

  • These crimes are against the place where a citizen sleeps regularly.

  • Two major types (Territo 2004):

    • Burglary: which is the breaking and entering of the dwelling house of another in the nighttime with the intent to commit a felony therein.

    • Arson: The malicious burning of a dwelling house of another.


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Crimes Against Property

  • These crimes include (Territo 2004):

    • Larceny: Taking and carrying away the personal property of another with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of the property.

    • Robbery: Same elements as Larceny but adds that the taking of property must be in the presence of the victim by the means of either violence or intimidation, or both.

    • Embezzlement: Fraudulent conversion of the property of another by one who is already in lawful possession thereof with the intent to defraud the victim.


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Crimes Against Morality

  • These crimes were not originally tried in the common-law courts; instead they were ecclesiastical crimes, tried and punished by the Church of England. (Territo 2004)

  • Includes:

    • Bigamy: Marrying another person while one’s spouse is still living.

    • Incest: Two people either marry or have sexual relations when they are so closely related.


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Modern Crimes

  • The most frequent modern crimes include:

    • Computer Crime

    • Identity Theft

    • Stalking


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Consensual Crimes

  • Also known as victimless crimes, because it is an act that all involved parties choose to be involved.

  • These crimes include gambling, drug use, and prostitution.

  • However, some people argue that these crimes are not victimless crimes, because social norms are violated. (Territo 2004)


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Consensual Crimes Con.’t

  • Two main arguments are made for decriminalizing activities such as marijuana use, pornography, and prostitution (Territo 2004):

    • Criminal sanctions against these activities constitute an unwarranted intrusion into individual privacy and an indefensible extension of the government’s authority.

    • Some argue that enforcing laws against these activities overburdens the police, the courts, and the prisons and increases congestion problems in the criminal justice system.


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References

  • Territo, L., Halsted, J.B., & Bromley, M.L. (2004). Crime and justice in america: A human perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.