Theme in Antigone: What is Sophocles’ message?. A.K.A. “How to write a paragraph”. What is theme?. Theme = Topic + Message Topic : general subject matter of literature What do characters talk about the most? Where are the conflicts (internal and external)?
“How to write a paragraph”
Brainstorm your examples and ideas that support the theme
[Topic sentence]: ________________________________________
[Explanation]: I mean that__________________________________
[Example]: For example, ___________________________________
[Additional Example]: Another time that________________________
Additional Example]: Additionally,___________________________
[Concluding sentence]: ____________________________________
[Explanation]: I mean that because the gods have more power to intervene in the fate and destiny of men, their laws are higher than the ones that men make to govern their countries.
[Example]: For example, Creon makes a law that Polyneices, his nephew and enemy who attacked Thebes, cannot be given proper burial rites.
[Elaboration]: This shows that Creon thinks his own opinions and enemies are more important than the sacrifices that should be offered for the dead.
[Additional Example]: However, Antigone is determined to bury her brother so that his soul will have passage to the underworld.
[Elaboration]: Antigone’s defiance of the law demonstrates her belief that honoring the gods is more important than obeying her uncle, no matter what the punishment is.
Additional Example]: Additionally, Antigone says to Creon, “All your strength is weakness itself against the immortal, unrecorded laws of God” when he questions her actions.
[Elaboration]: Although Antigone acknowledges Creon’s personal strength, she knows that the gods themselves are stronger than Creon and their laws should be respected and honored as such.
[Concluding sentence]: The laws of the gods, while difficult to obey when gods’ laws oppose human desires, still outrank the laws of men.
What do you mean by…
Concrete nouns, strong verbs, vivid adjectives
Description (using figurative language):
Similes, metaphors, imagery
“I remember when”
Cause / effect:
Compare / Contrast
Like or unlike
‘My friend once had…”