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Cpl. Charles Reel Email: creel@edgefieldcountysheriff.org 803-637-4086. STREET NARCOTICS. INTRODUCTION . The problem related to drug abuse is not new to us Many scientific studies have been conducted in the hope of finding a solution The age of the average drug user continues to decrease.

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cpl charles reel email creel@edgefieldcountysheriff org 803 637 4086
Cpl. Charles Reel

Email: creel@edgefieldcountysheriff.org

803-637-4086

STREET NARCOTICS
introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • The problem related to drug abuse is not new to us
  • Many scientific studies have been conducted in the hope of finding a solution
  • The age of the average drug user continues to decrease
why is drug use growing
WHY IS DRUG USE GROWING?
  • Drugs are more available today
  • There is more money in our affluent society
  • Less parental control over children
  • The increasing number of educated and influential individuals who insist that drugs like marijuana and cocaine are less of a problem than alcohol or tobacco (Woody Harrelson)
  • Many take the position that drug abuse is a “victimless” crime
the cost of drug abuse
THE COST OF DRUG ABUSE
  • The average person feels that drug abuse is not his/her problem
  • The annual cost to the taxpayer is in the billions of dollars
  • A heroin addict may spend between $50 and $200 a day to support the habit often leading to a life of crime
  • Addicts steal millions of dollars worth of merchandise each year and may receive less than a quarter on the dollar for these items
current trends
CURRENT TRENDS
  • Various “Designer Drugs” like GHB, Ecstasy (MDMA), and Rohypnal (Date Rape Drug) have recently become very popular with teenagers and young adults.
what is a drug
What Is a Drug?
  • Any substance, other than food, that can affect the way your mind and body work.
what is tolerance
What Is Tolerance?
  • Tolerance is defined as the capacity to endure or resist the action of the drug.
  • A person develops tolerance to a drug when he requires larger amounts of the drug to produce the same effects.
what is addiction
What Is Addiction?
  • Addiction is the physical and / or psychological dependence upon a drug resulting from continuous or periodic use.
drug sampling from police magazine 10 95 the 20 most frequently abused drugs are
Cocaine

Heroin

Marijuana

* Alprazolam (Xanax)

* Diazepam (Valium)

* Lorazepam (Ativan)

* Clonazepam (Clonopin)

Methamphetamine

* Codeine

* Benzodiazepine

* D-propoxypheine

PCP

* Hydrocodone (Vicodin)

Amphetamine

* Temazepam (Restoril)

* Oxycodone

LSD

* Chlordiazepoxide

* Methadone

* Indicates Prescription Drugs

Drug SamplingFrom Police Magazine, 10-95The 20 Most Frequently Abused Drugs Are:
drug slang terms
Drug Slang Terms
  • Amped - High on stimulants, usually amphetamines
  • Bad Trip - Bad experience from the effects of LSD
  • Baggy - A quantity of marijuana in a plastic type bag
  • Base - free basing or smoking cocaine
  • Connection - A source to purchase drugs
  • Cut - to dilute a narcotic with some other substance
  • Dealer - Someone who sells drugs
  • Dime Bag - $10 worth of drugs(usually heroin or marijuana)
  • Drop - To swallow drugs
  • Eight Ball - Method of packaging, 1/8 ounce quanity, related to cocaine
  • Fix - To inject narcotics
  • Flashback - reoccurring experience from the effects of LSD
  • Free Base - To smoke cocaine
  • Hit - Taking a drag from a marijuana cigarette or a dose of LSD
  • Keister Plant - Drugs which are hidden in the rectum
drug slang terms1
Drug Slang Terms
  • Loaded - Being high, under the influence of drugs
  • Mainline - To inject drugs directly into the vein
  • Mule - A person who transport drugs
  • Outfit - Narcotic injection kit
  • Pusher - One who sells drugs
  • Rock House - A residence used to sell drugs, usually cocaine
  • Rolling- Under the influence of Ecstasy
  • Score - To purchase drugs
  • Shoot Up - To inject drugs
  • Speed Freak - a chronic user of methamphetamines
  • Stash - Personal drug supply
  • Trip - Being under the influence of a hallucinogenic drug
  • Wasted - Being under the influence of drugs
what s on campus
WHAT’S ON CAMPUS
  • ALCOHOL
  • MARIJUANA
  • ACID
  • COKE
  • METH
  • HEROIN
  • INHALANTS
gateway drugs
GATEWAY DRUGS
  • ALCOHOL
  • TOBACCO
  • MARIJUANA
  • ECSTASY
alcohol
ALCOHOL
  • BEER
  • WINE
  • HARD ALCOHOL
tobacco
TOBACCO
  • CIGARETTES
  • CIGARS
  • CHEWING TOBACCO
  • DIP
marijuana
MARIJUANA
  • GRASS
  • WEED
  • BOMB BUD
  • GANJA
  • BUD
  • BLUNT
marijuana1
MARIJUANA
  • Marijuana is commonly referred to the as a cannabis sativa L plant.
  • Marijuana plant possessing green leaves with separated leaflets in an odd number, usually 7 to 9.
  • The potency of marijuana is determined by the amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
  • THC is used in medical research to control nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapytreatments.
marijuana paraphernalia
MARIJUANA PARAPHERNALIA
  • PIPES
  • ZIG - ZAGS
  • ROACH CLIPS
  • BONGS
marijuana stash boxes
MARIJUANA STASH BOXES
  • FILM CONTAINERS
  • CASSETTE TAPE CONTAINERS
  • COMPACTS
  • SODA CANS
  • ANYTHING WITH A FALSE BOTTOM
effects of cannabis marijuana abuse
EFFECTS OF CANNABIS (MARIJUANA) ABUSE
  • Accelerated pulse
  • Dizziness and disoriented behavior
  • Whites of the eyes reddened or bloodshot
  • Puffiness developing under the eyes
  • Yellowish coating on the tongue, fingers and finger nails
  • Increase appetite
  • Relaxed inhibitions
stimulants
STIMULANTS
  • These drugs stimulate the body processes, and work directly on the central nervous system.
  • They have the opposite effects as a narcotic or depressant drug
  • Their medical uses include: treatment of depression, warding off fatigue, and controlling weight.
methamphetamines
METHAMPHETAMINES
  • CRYSTAL
  • CRYSTALMETH
  • SPEED
  • METHADRINE
  • CRANK
  • METH
rock or crack cocaine
ROCK OR CRACK COCAINE
  • CRACK
  • ROCK
  • HUBBA
cocaine use
COCAINE USE
  • Cocaine is taken most commonly by sniffing it up the nose
  • For heightened effect, it is sometimes injected, or mixed with heroin and injected (referred to as a “speed ball”)
  • Cocaine can also be smoked (referred to as “Free basing”)
cocaine packaging
COCAINE PACKAGING
  • PLASTIC BAGS
  • GLASS VIALS
  • SMALL CELLOPHANE OR PAPER PACKETS
  • BINDLES
cocaine paraphernalia
COCAINE PARAPHERNALIA
  • MIRRORS
  • OTHER NON- POROUS SURFACE
  • RAZOR BLADES
  • STRAWS
  • ROLLED MONEY
  • COKE SPOONS
crack paraphernalia
CRACK PARAPHERNALIA
  • GLASS PIPES (BASE PIPES)
  • HOMEMADE PIPES
  • PLASTIC BAGS
  • GLASS VIALS
cocaine effects
COCAINE EFFECTS
  • Cocaine produces an intense euphoria, with increased heartbeat, blood pressure, and body temperature
  • Eyes will normally be dilated (or enlarged) while under the influence
  • Cocaine has anesthetic qualities, so the user may feel no pain
  • Inhalation of cocaine causes damage to the septum of the nose
  • Cocaine duration of effects last from 10 minutes to 3 to 4 hours
common inhalants
COMMON INHALANTS
  • AMYL NITRATE
  • BUTYL NITRATE
  • TOLUENE
  • PAINT THINNER
  • GASOLINE
  • PAINT
  • AEROSOLS
inhalants
INHALANTS
  • GLUE
  • RUSH
  • LAUGHING GAS
  • POPPERS
  • SNAPPERS
  • KICK
inhalants1
INHALANTS
  • The fumes from these volatile substances, when inhaled for any extended length of time, will produce intoxication, excitement, and exhilaration.
  • Substances containing toluene, such as airplane glues, have always been popular with abusers
  • Typing correction fluids, are now prevalent with students in the elementary and high schools because it can be inhaled without drawing attention to oneself
method of use
METHOD OF USE
  • Most popular method of inhaling these gases is to saturate the inside of a paper or plastic bag, handkerchief, towel, or sock so the fumes can be contained at a concentrated level
  • The open end of the bag is then held to the nose, and the fumes are inhaled with deep breaths
what sniffing does to the brain
What Sniffing Does To The Brain
  • A. BRAIN The chemicals abused by inhalant users affect different parts of the brain, producing a variety of sensory and psychological disorders. Many inhalants are thought to dissolve the protective myelin sheath that surrounds neurons - brain cells - resulting in cell death (see brain diagram).
  • B. CEREBRAL CORTEX Cellular death here causes permanent personality changes, memory impairment, hallucinations and learning disabilities.
  • C. CEREBELLUM This is the center that controls balance and coordination. Inhalant-related damage results in loss of coordination and slurred speech. Chronic abusers experience tremors and uncontrollable shaking.
  • D. OPHTHALMIC NERVE Toluene may affect this nerve causing sight disorders.
damage to the body
Damage to the Body
  • A. BLOOD Some substances like nitrites and methylene chloride (paint thinner) chemically block the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.
  • B. LUNGS Repeated use of spray paint as an inhalant can cause lung damage.
  • C. HEART Abuse of inhalants can result in "sudden sniffing death syndrome." This is due to a sudden and unexpected disturbance of the heart's rhythm. All inhalants can produce sudden sniffing death syndrome.
  • D. LIVER Halogenated compounds like trichloroethylene (a component of aerosol paints and correction fluid) have been linked to damage of this organ.
  • E. KIDNEY Inhalants containing toluene impair the kidney's ability to control the amount of acid in the blood. This is reversible when toluene leaves the body but, in the long-term, kidney stones may develop.
symptoms of abuse
SYMPTOMS OF ABUSE
  • Inhalant abusers may appear to be drunk
  • Poor coordination
  • Slurred speech
  • Odor of the substance on the breath
  • Excess nasal secretion and reddening the nasal passage
  • Watering eyes
  • Sneezing and coughing
club drugs
Club Drugs
  • GHB
  • Special K
  • Rohypnol
  • MDMA
mdma methylenedioxymethanphetamine
MDMA(Methylenedioxymethanphetamine)
  • Ecstacy
  • XTC
  • X
  • Adam
  • Clarity
  • Lover’s Speed
  • Roll
what is ecstasy
What is Ecstasy?
  • Ecstasy is one of the most dangerous drugs threatening young people today.
  • Called MDMA (3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) by scientists
  • it is a synthetic chemical that can be derived from an essential oil of the sassafras tree.
  • MDMA is also one of the easiest illegal drugs to obtain.
  • Its effects are similar to those of amphetamines and hallucinogens.
  • Distributed almost anywhere, it has become very popular at social events like raves, hip hop parties, concerts, etc. frequented by both adults and youth.
facts
Facts
  • Ecstasy can be detected up to four days in the urine.
  • 11.7% of high school seniors surveyed in 2001 reported that they had used MDMA at least one time during their lives
  • 23.8% of 8th graders, 41.4% of 10th graders, and 61.5% of 12th graders surveyed in 2001 reported that MDMA was "fairly easy" or "very easy" to obtain
how is it used
How is it Used?
  • Ecstasy is usually taken in pill form and swallowed
  • It can also be injected.
  • Some users have been known to crush and snort the resulting powder.
  • Others insert the pill into the anus where it is absorbed. This process is known as “shafting.”
how does it affect you
How Does It Affect You?
  • Ecstasy is similar (in nature) to other amphetamines and hallucinogens.
  • It speeds up the nervous system and acts as a mood enhancer.
  • Also referred to as “the love drug”, Ecstasy often makes the user feel good, happy and relaxed - at least at first.
  • Contrary to rumors, Ecstasy is not an aphrodisiac and can actually inhibit sexual performance.
  • The taking of any drug affects people differently. Depending on size, weight, health, dosage and other drugs being used, the reaction can be mild or very severe.
  • Anyone suffering from hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, mental illness or panic should avoid taking Ecstasy.
common side effects
Common Side Effects
  • The following effects start within 20 minutes of taking E and can last for 4 - 6 hours or longer:
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased body temperature
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased confidence
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of well-being (happiness, love)
  • Sweating
  • Loss of appetite
other reported effects
Other Reported Effects
  • Taking higher doses of MDMA will not increase the good feelings
  • In fact higher dosages can cause convulsions, irrational behavior, and hallucinations.
  • Users have reported having problems with insomnia, anxiety, paranoia, concentration and depression after taking the drug.
duration of effects
Duration of Effects
  • An Ecstasy high can last from six to 24 hours but usually averages three to four hours.
  • Some reactions have been reported to persist from one to 14 days after use.
short term effects
Short Term Effects
  • Short-term effects include psychological difficulties (confusion, depression, sleep problems, craving, severe anxiety, and paranoia).
  • These effects occur during use and can continue even weeks after use.
  • Physical problems that can occur are muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movement, fever, chills or sweating.
long term effects
Long Term Effects
  • Recent findings connect use of Ecstasy to memory loss.
  • Use of Ecstasy depletes serotonin, a very important chemical in the brain which regulates mood, sleeping and eating habits, as well as, the thinking and behavior process, sexual function, and sensitivity to pain.
ghb gamma hydroxybutyrate
GHB ( Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate)
  • Grievous Bodily Harm
  • G
  • Liquid Ecstacy
  • Georgia Home Boy
  • Gamma-OH
what is ketamine
WHAT IS KETAMINE?
  • Ketamine hydrochloride ("Special K" or "K") was originally created for use as a human anaesthetic, and is still used as a general anaesthetic for children, persons of poor health, and in veterinary medicine.
  • Ketamine belongs to a class of drugs called "dissociative anaesthetics," which separate perception from sensation. Other drugs in this category include PCP, DXM and nitrous oxide (laughing gas).
  • Ketamine usually comes as a liquid in small pharmaceutical bottles, and is most often cooked into a white powder for snorting.
what are the effects
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS?
  • At lower doses it has a mild, dreamy feeling similar to nitrous oxide. Users report feeling floaty and slightly outside their body. Numbness in the extremities is also common.
  • Higher doses produce a hallucinogenic (trippy) effect, and may cause the user to feel very far away from their body.
  • This experience is often referred to as entering a "K-hole" and has been compared to a near death experience with sensations of rising above one's body. Many users find the experience spiritually significant , while others find it frightening.
  • While in a K-hole it is very difficult to move. People usually remain seated or lying down during the experience.
slide53

Cigarettes

are considered

a

Gateway Drug!

slide54

Dipping

or

chewing

will lead to

the next slide…

slide55

This man developed

tongue

mouth

and

bone cancer!

slide60

The

Effects

Of

Meth

slide61

Before

Meth….

slide63

Before

Meth…