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Roman Historiography. Republican SEMINAR II: Sallust BC 1-5 Party Politics ch1. Sallvst. Thucydidean Influence. View of human nature View of historiography Concentration Selection Omission Emphasis on politics Analyses of human behavior. Style-Thucydides poetic language

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roman historiography

Roman Historiography

Republican

SEMINAR II:

Sallust BC 1-5

Party Politics ch1

thucydidean influence
Thucydidean Influence
  • View of human nature
  • View of historiography
    • Concentration
    • Selection
    • Omission
    • Emphasis on politics
      • Analyses of human behavior
thucydidean influence1
Style-Thucydides

poetic language

variety of grammatical usage

inconcinnity

rapidity

Style- Sallust

Poetic/archaic vocab

unusual grammatical turns

inconcinnity

rapidity

of thought & expression

compression & omission

variatio

Thucydidean Influence
sallvstian style
Sallvstian Style
  • Archaism
  • Asyndeton
  • Parataxis
  • Hyperbaton
  • Inconcinnitas
  • Brevitas
    • antithesis
outline
outline
  • Sources
  • Classes
  • Constitution
    • Magistracies
    • Assemblies
    • elections
  • Factiones/Partes
  • Roman Revolution
    • Gracchi
    • Marius v. Sulla
    • Pompey, Crassus, Caesar
  • Participants/scene
party politics personalities programs1
Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs
  • amazing primary sources
    • Caesar’s commentarii
    • Sallust’s BC, BJ, Historiae, Epistulae ad Caesarem?
    • Cicero’s speeches, essays, letters
  • Taylor’s quellenforschungen
    • In text
    • In footnotes 2 & 3
      • great example of modern scholarly evolution
        • Compare Ramsey p.6
party politics personalities programs2
Party Politics Personalities & Programs
  • Roman Republican gov’t
    • Checks & balances
    • Aristocratic control
    • Ti. Gracchus
      • sword carried into assembly
    • Liberty v. equality
      • Class division based on landed property
ordines
Ordines
  • Patricians: (patricii)
    • from patres
      • title applied to members of Senate
      • patrician clans claimed descent from earliest Senators
    • highly privileged aristocratic class
    • hereditary membership
      • only by birth (until end of Republic)
ordines1
Ordines
  • Plebeians: (plebeii)
    • from plebs
    • all Roman citizens not patrician
struggle of the orders plebeian milestones
Struggle of the Ordersplebeian milestones
  • 494 BC: First Secession of the Plebs
    • established their own assembly (the Concilium Plebis)
    • elected their own magistrates, the Tribunes and the Plebeian Aediles.
  • 450 BC: Law of the Twelve Tables, first codification of Roman law
  • 445 BC: patricians and plebeians permitted to intermarry
  • 367 BC: plebeians became eligible for the consulship
  • 342 BC: one of the two Consuls must be a plebeian
  • 339 BC: one of the two Censors must be a plebeian
  • 300 BC: half of the priesthoods (also state offices) must be plebeian
  • 287 BC: Third Secession of the Plebs
    • won concession that all plebiscites (measures passed in Concilium Plebis) had the force of law for entire Roman state
struggle of the orders
Struggle of the Orders
  • non-violent methods
  • Reshaped Aristocracy
    • Aristocracy of birth replaced with aristocracy based on political office and wealth, particularly land-based wealth.
  • Society remained hierarchical, class-based
    • Large gap between top and bottom citizen classes
roman citizen classes
Roman Citizen Classes
  • Patrician
  • Senatorial (Plebeian)
  • Equites (Plebeian)
  • Property Owners (Plebeian)
  • Capite Censi (Plebeian)
money property requirements
Money Property Requirements
  • ≈ 16 asses = 4 ƒ = 1 denarius
  • ƒ1,000,000 for Senatorial
  • ƒ400,000 for Equites
  • ƒ3,000 for 4th class
party politics personalities programs3
Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs
  • Nobiles
    • Military service requirements class determined
      • Cavalry/officer class
    • Centuriate Assembly
      • Vote for consuls praetors
      • Vote in order by class
    • Senate
      • Ex-magistrates life-time membership
      • Subdivisions based on rank (highest office held)
        • Asked to speak in order of rank
        • Election to office influenced by family & hereditity
          • novus homo
party politics personalities programs4
Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs
  • Equites
    • Cavalry/officer class
party politics personalities programs5
Party PoliticsPersonalities & Programs
  • Pedites Foot Soldier Classes
    • Class based on property rating
      • ƒ50,000
      • 4 classes for small farmers
      • No landed property
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