Original Nursing Theories of Florence Nightingale. By Mary B. Knutson, RN, BSN, FCP MSN Student Viterbo University. Origins of Nightingale’s Theory for Nursing Practice:. Florence Nightingale was a prolific writer. She lived from 1820 to 1910 in Victorian England.
By Mary B. Knutson, RN, BSN, FCP
She emphasized subservience to doctors, allowing nursing to gain a foothold within a hospital.
Her plan was that nurse training would not threaten the status of the doctors, but crucially that they should accept the disciplinary authority of the matron and the new hierarchy of nurses within the hospital.Relevant to Nursing Organization:
Nightingale’s nursing education emphasized the need to blend a mixture of theoretical and clinical experiences.
Schools of nursing were established on her model throughout the world.
They emphasized the moral qualities of nursing and introduced humanitarian, patient-centered values that are still relevant today.Relevance to Nursing Education:
She was a systematic thinker and passionate statistician, using bar and pie charts, highlighting key points.
Besides “getting the science right”, Florence Nightingale made it comprehensible to lay people, especially the politicians and senior civil servants who made and administered the laws.Individual Relevance of Florence Nightingale:
Regardless of whether the environment is high tech, the “nurse remains responsible for altering the environment to improve it for the benefit of the client”Relevant to Nursing Knowledge:
Six D’s of Dys-ease:
Drink (need clean drinking water)
Drains (need proper drainage and sewer systems)
Attewell, A. (1998) Florence Nightingale’s relevance to nurses. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 16 (2), 281-291
McDonald, L. (2001). Florence Nightingale and the early origins of evidence-based nursing, EBN Notebook 4(3), 68-9
McCarthy D, Ouimen M, Daun J. (1991) Shades of Florence Nightingale: Potential impact of noise stress on wound healing. Holistic Nursing Practice. 5(4) 39-48
Nightingale, F. (19690. Notes on nursing: What it is and what it is not. New York: Dover. (original work published 1860)
Selanders, L. (1998) The power of environmental adaptation. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 16,(2) 247-263
Watson J. (1998), Florence Nightingale and the enduring legacy of Transpersonal Human Caring. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 16(2), 292-294