History of Karnataka . A brief account of the rulers and their kingdoms. St.Joseph’s college (Autonomous) Lalbagh road ,Bangalore. PÀ£ÀßqÀ E£ÉÆá«ÄÃrAiÀÄ. Kannada Infomedia. Kannada Infomedia is students initiative to teach Kannada to Non-Kannadigas (specially those
A brief account of the rulers and their kingdoms
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The history of Karnataka can be traced back
to a Paleolithic hand-axe culture
evidenced by discoveries of, among other things,
hand axes and cleavers in the region.
Evidence of Neolithic and megalithic cultures
have also been found in the state.
Gold discovered in Harappa was found to be imported from mines in Karnataka, prompting scholars to hypothesize about contacts between ancient Karnataka and the Indus Valley Civilization in 3000 BCE.[
Early rulers:The early rulers of Karnataka were predominantly from North India. Parts of Karnataka were subject to the rule of the Nandas and the Mauryas.
The Shathavahanas (30 B.C to 230 A.D ) ruled over extensive areas in Northern Karnataka. Karnataka fell into the hands of the Pallavas of Kanchi.
Pallavas domination was ended by indigenous dynasties, the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Gangas of Kolar, who divided Karnataka between themselves.
Extent of Empire
The Kadamba Dynasty, founded by Mayurasharma, had its capital at Banavasi in c. 345 A.D.
This was the first kingdoms to give administrative status to Kannada language as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription of 450 A.D, attributed to King Kakusthavarma of the Kadamba Dynasty.
The Gangas started their rule from c. 350 from Kolara and later their capital was shifted to Talakadu (Mysore Dt.)
It is the Chalukyas of Badami who brought the whole of Karnataka under a single rule
The first great prince of the dynasty was
Pulikeshin I (c. 540-66 A.D)
Cave at Ellora
They ruled from 973 A.D. - 1198 A.D.
Important king of this dynasty was Vikramaditya VI
They ruled from 1198 A.D. - 1312 A.D
Important king : Singahana II
They were also called as Yadavas of Devagiri
They ruled from 1000 A.D. - 1346 A.D.
Their fine temples are found at Beluru, Helebidu and Somanathapura.
They ruled from 1336 A.D. - 1565 A.D
They ruled from 1347 A.D. - 1527 A.D
They ruled from 1490 A.D. - 1686 A.D.
They ruled from 1500 A.D. - 1763 A.D.
Wodeyars of Mysore
They ruled from 1399 A.D. - 1761 A.D.
They ruled from 1761 A.D. - 1799 A.D.
Tippu Sultan’s tomb
Old Mysore, Karnataka was shared among the Bombay
and Madras presidencies belonging to the British,
The Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
in 1800 A.D.
1800 A.D. - 1831 A.D.
Krishnaraj Wodeyar III
1831 A.D. - 1881 A.D.
Wodeyars of Mysore
1881 A.D. - 1950 A.D.
Krishnaraj Wodeyar IVJayachamarajendra Wodeyar
The Ekikarana movement which started in the latter half of the 19th century, culminated in the States Reorganisation Actof 1956 which provided for parts of Coorg,Madras, Hyderabad, and Bombay states to be incorporated into the state of Mysore
Mysore state was renamed Karnataka in 1973.
The state of Mysore was formed on November 1 , 1956 and since then November 1 of every year is celebrated as Kannada Rajyotsava / Karnataka Rajyotsava
K Changalaraya Reddy became the first Chief Minister of Mysore state.
The Maharaja of Mysore H H Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadeyar became the Rajapramukh later the Governor of the State.
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