Chapter 14- The Courts (1). Examine roles of the Constitution & Congress in creating the Federal Courts. (2). Discuss the structure of the Federal Court System at its various levels, including: District Courts, Courts of Appeal , and contrast original vs. appellate jurisdiction .
Courts of Appeals
Federal District Courts
Appeals & others
Which Courts are Article
III & which are Article I?
State Supreme Courts
What happens when Judicial Review is taken to extreme?
The Characteristics of the Court
Who serves on the Court?
Different paths to taken the Supreme Court (Box 14-1)
Civil & Criminal
Roe v. Wade
Ginsburg & Breyer
Result: Narrow Rulings
Often 5 to 4 split
*(The Old Days?)
Compare with number actually heard by Supreme Court & lower courts
Writ of Certiorari
Rule of Four
A Supreme Court order for a lower court to send it the records of a case–the first step in reviewing a lower court case
The Supreme Court rule that at least four justices must decide that a case merits a review before it goes on the Court's schedule
Literally, friend of the court. A brief filed with the court by a person or group who is not directly involved in the legal action but who has views on the matter.
*Doctrine that previous
Court Decision should
be allowed to stand –
The document announcing and usually explaining the Supreme Court's decision in a case.
A statement from one or more Supreme Court justices agreeing with a decision in a case, but giving an alternative explanation for it.
A statement from one or more Supreme Court justices explaining why they disagree with a decision in a case.