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POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics. Instructor: Dr. Gang Guo E-mail: gg@olemiss.edu. A Shrinking World. Events around the world affect us all Globalization how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries.

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pol 102 introduction to comparative politics

POL 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics

Instructor: Dr. Gang Guo

E-mail: gg@olemiss.edu

a shrinking world
A Shrinking World
  • Events around the world affect us all
    • Globalization
    • how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries.
  • We live in a time of crisis
  • The world is changing significantly and quickly
why we compare
Why we compare?
  • Alexis de Tocqueville
  • Democracy in America
  • “Although I very rarely spoke of France in my book, I did not write one page of it without having her, so to speak, before my eyes”
  • “Without comparisons to make, the mind does not know how to proceed”
why we compare1
Why we compare?
  • Comparison is fundamental to all human thought
  • Comparison is the methodological core of scientific study of politics
    • compare the past and present
    • compare experiences of various nations
    • develop explanation
    • test theories
how we compare
How we compare?
  • Description of political phenomena
    • conceptual framework
  • Explanation of political phenomena
    • causal relationship
    • test theories:
      • large numbers (large “n”): statistical studies
      • small numbers (small “n”): case studies
  • Prediction of political phenomena
politics
Politics
  • public decisions
  • within a community
    • political system
  • authoritative
    • Power: ability to get people or groups to do what they otherwise would not do
  • coercive means
    • force and monetary resources
political system
Political system
  • System
    • interdependent parts and boundaries
  • Political system
    • set of institutions and agencies
      • government
      • political organizations (parties, interest groups)
    • formulate and implement collective goals of a society or of groups within it
state
State
  • State
    • a particular type of political system
    • has sovereignty (independent legal authority)
  • “night watchman state”
  • police state
  • welfare state
  • types and strength of states
government
Government
  • Government
    • organizations of individuals
    • authorized by formal documents
    • make binding decisions on behalf of a particular community
  • philosophical debates
    • why government exist?
    • state of nature
government serve functions
Government serve functions
  • community-building
    • nation
      • large-scale communities
      • common perceived identity
    • political culture
      • public attitudes toward politics and their role within the political system
    • political socialization
government serve functions1
Government serve functions
  • providing security, law, and order
    • external security
      • national defense forces
    • internal security
      • police forces
    • government monopoly
  • protecting economic, social, and political rights
government serve functions2
Government serve functions
  • promoting economic efficiency and growth
    • market failures in capitalist economies
      • property rights, competition, and information
    • undersupply of public goods
      • parks, roads, national defense, environment
    • negative externalities
      • environmental degradation
    • natural monopolies
social justice
social justice
  • redistribute resources
    • equal opportunities
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